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Sessie II Collecting Collections | Netwerkdag 2019| Michael Hoffmann


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Janneke Jorna and Michael Hoffmann dive into the collection plan of Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen. This plan aims to enrich the Netwerk's collection portal and to collect data for the new portal The collection plan currently focuses on the liberation of the Netherlands, in the context of the celebration of 75 years Freedom and on adding international collections. The first international participant of Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen, Arolsen Archives (before: International Tracing Service) supplies data on prisoners at the concentration camps in Amersfoort and Vught. This gives new insight into the lives of people during the Second World War.

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Sessie II Collecting Collections | Netwerkdag 2019| Michael Hoffmann

  1. 1. Arolsen Archives Collecting collections: Arolsen-Archives and camps in the Netherlands 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 1
  2. 2. Arolsen ArchivesArolsen Archives 1.1 The Arolsen Archives Looking back on 70 years of history 21.11.2019Amsterdam 2
  3. 3. Arolsen Archives Arolsen Archives. International Center on Nazi Persecution • formerly: International Tracing Service (ITS) • the world’s most comprehensive archive and documentation center on Nazi persecution and the liberated survivors • approx. 30 million documents from 17.5 million concentration camp inmates, forced laborers and Displaced Persons (DPs) • information for former persecutees and their relatives as well as basis for research and education 21.11.2019Amsterdam 3Central Name Index (CNI), photo: Arolsen Archives.
  4. 4. Arolsen Archives Management, financing and staff of the Arolsen Archives International Commission with respresentatives from eleven countries: Belgium France Germany Great Britain Greece Israel Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Poland USA Most countries are holding a copy of the digital archive (e.g. USHMM in den US, Yad Vashem in Israel, Wiener Library in the UK, IPN in Poland, etc.) 4Signing of the contracts, photo: Arolsen Archives.21.11.2019Amsterdam
  5. 5. Arolsen Archives UNRRA – IRO – HICOG: The Allies as founders of the ITS 5Mural Painting, 1950ies, photo: Arolsen Archives. Last years of WWII Tracing of missing persons by the Allies and various organizations 1945 - 1947 United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) sets up the Central Tracing Bureau (since 1946 in Arolsen) 1947 - 1951 International Refugee Organization (IRO), founding of the ITS in 1948, focus on finding people and centralization of the various tracing endeavors 1951 - 1955 Allied High Commission for Germany (HICOG), focus on evaluation of the archive holdings 1955 - 2012 International Commission / Management: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) since 2012 International Commission 21.11.2019Amsterdam
  6. 6. Arolsen Archives The order of the archive The ITS was never meant to be an archive. Everything was structured for tracing purposes. That resulted in: • sorting different documents under the name of a person • dissolving and rearranging independent card indexes • system perfectly developed to be searched by names • less effective for topical research (but it is being enhanced) 6 ITS-envelope for individual documents, photo: Arolsen-Archives. 21.11.2019Amsterdam
  7. 7. Arolsen Archives Structuring the search “Meeting of Cards”: “When A enquires after B their names are carded into an index where they wait until B or possibly C enquires after A.” Carding the names mentioned on documents: • one card for every named person on a document (today: 50 million cards in the Central Name Index) • sorted by an alphabetical-phonetical system (849 different spellings of Abrahamovic) Decades of document acquisition 7 Central Name Index (CNI), photo: Arolsen-Archives. 21.11.2019Amsterdam
  8. 8. Arolsen Archives Document Landscape of ITS 21.11.2019Amsterdam, 8 Concentration Camps Persecution & Detention of Person in Camps and Prisons between 1933 and 1945 ~10.5 Mill. Documents (1.1.X) ~ 1.8 Mill. Documents (1.2.X) Forced Labourer Registration of Foreigners and German Persecutees by Public Institutions, Social Securities and Companies (1939 - 1947) ~ 7.7 Mill. Documents Post War Documents Registrations and Files of Displaced Persons, Children and Missing Persons ~ 7.5 Mill. Documents Miscellaneous Death Marches ~ 0.08 Mill. Documents Records of the ITS and its predecessors (Correspondence) ~ 20.7 Mill. Documents (as of end 2018; Digitization still underway) Global Finding Aids Central Name Index; Inventory; etc. ~50 Mill. Documents Special NSDAP organizations and actions Lebensborn, etc. ~ 0.05 Mill. Documents Microfilms Document aquisition ~ 2.4 Mill. Documents Non digitized Material of ITS Various Material, containing documents, Microfilms, CD´s, etc. Archival Unit 10: ~450 running meters (~0.9 Mill. Documents) Total about 96.6 Mill. digitized Documents + 8 Mill. Electronic Metadata objects Internal structure of our Collections: Since 1998 there were several digitization projects to make the documents electronically accessible. The CNI was the main finding tool to locate documents of persons since the 50´s. Now there are more than 100 Mill. digital objects in our database. But less than 20 Mill. are searchable.
  9. 9. Arolsen ArchivesArolsen Archives 1.2 The Arolsen Archives today 921.11.2019Amsterdam
  10. 10. Arolsen Archives Projects - Digitization of documents Making documents electronically visible - Archival Description & Indexation of Metadata Making Information digital accessible - E-Guide Give the different documents a meaning - Online Access Make the stuff accessible for everybody 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 10
  11. 11. Arolsen Archives New name in May 2019 1121.11.2019Amsterdam
  12. 12. Arolsen ArchivesArolsen Archives 2 Camps in the Netherlands 1221.11.2019Amsterdam
  13. 13. Arolsen Archives Overview of the Holdings 1321.11.2019Amsterdam - Camp Amersfoort more than 100K documents - Concentration Camp Vught more than 85K documents - Camp Westerbork more than 10K documents ~200K Docs, but only ~60K Names Copy of a Transport List Westerbork (DokID 5154940)
  14. 14. Arolsen Archives Eva SANDERS, born in Rotterdam April 27th 1901 1/3 Information from 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 14
  15. 15. Arolsen Archives Eva SANDERS, born in Rotterdam April 27th 1901 2/3 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 15
  16. 16. Arolsen Archives Eva SANDERS, born in Rotterdam April 27th 1901 3/3 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 16
  17. 17. Arolsen ArchivesArolsen Archives 3 The Online Archive of the Arolsen Archives 1721.11.2019Amsterdam
  18. 18. Arolsen Archives Links Online Archive E-Guide Video Making Holocaust Archives Available to Everyone 22.11.2019Bad Arolsen, 18
  19. 19. Kontakt Arolsen Archives International Center on Nazi Persecution Große Allee 5–9 34454 Bad Arolsen Deutschland T +49 5691 629-0 F +49 5691 629-501 E