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Nazi Propaganda as Linked Open Data: A Case Study | AMIA Conference 2018


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Presentation 'Nazi Propaganda as Linked Open Data: A Case Study' during the AMIA Conference (28 nov - 1 dec Portland). Speakers: Julia Vytopil (Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision / Beeld en Geluid), Tom de Smet (Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision / Beeld en Geluid), Lizzy Jongma (Dutch Network for War Collections / Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen).

There are over 400 World War 2 collections in the Netherlands, many of them digitized. Online publication however lags behind, due to the complexity of copyright and privacy matters. To stimulate open access to World War 2 collections, the Network War Resources was founded in 2016. The Network pushes its 73 partners to publish metadata and content on their thematic online portal. When NWR asked the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision for WW2 collections to publish online, the National Socialist propaganda collection surfaced. Copyright research suggests a public domain status. Ethical questions arise, however. What about the privacy of people shown in these films as part of the national socialist movement? How ethical is it to “give away” propaganda films for free re-use? In our presentation we will discuss the role of a thematic network like Network War Resources and present the outcomes of the National Socialist propaganda case.

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Nazi Propaganda as Linked Open Data: A Case Study | AMIA Conference 2018

  1. 1. Nazi Propaganda as Linked Open Data: A case study AMIA Portland - November 29 2018 Still from Spiegel der Beweging, januari 1944, Filmdienst der NSB
  2. 2. Who are we? Still from: SPIEGEL DER BEWEGING, 1943, Filmdienst der NSB Taak id. 49293 Julia Vytopil- Manager Collection Access- NISV Tom de Smet- Head of Archives- NISV Lizzy Jongma- LOD evangelist- Network War Resources
  3. 3. About this presentation Still from: SPIEGEL DER BEWEGING, 1943, Filmdienst der NSB Taak id. 49293  World War 2 in the Netherlands  Network War Resources: what and why?  Using linked open data- why and how?  The case of Nazi propaganda as public domain  Results and next steps  Q&A
  4. 4. WWII in the Netherlands 1932: Founding of the Dutch National Socialist Party (NSB) 1940: Invasion of the Netherlands 1942: Start Deportation of Jews 1944: Liberation southern part of the Netherlands Hunger winter in the North May 5th 1945: Liberation of the Netherlands 150.000 collaborators arrested; 39 death sentences 198.000 Dutch were killed during WW2 of which 102.000 Holocaust victims
  5. 5. 450+ Organisations with WW2 collections
  6. 6. Dutch Network War Collections
  7. 7. filmpje
  8. 8. ▪ Partner organization (contract!) ▪ Digital Infrastructure ▪ Expertise center ▪ Private and government funded Network War Resources WWII
  9. 9. Sound and Vision as a Network partner  National audiovisual archive & museum  Research projects  Copyrights and access policies  Data and metadata (enrichment) for thematic access Still from: RADIOSTERREN IN DEN DOP, 31 dec 1940 Filmdienst der NSB Taak id. 49198
  10. 10. 10 million+ objects, 225 Collections, 1,146 Films
  11. 11. They all have something(s) in common
  12. 12. Linked Open Data: from Separated
  13. 13. To Connected
  14. 14. Common vocabulary: WW2 thesaurus
  15. 15. Combine, match and improve
  16. 16. New WW2 Subjects added
  17. 17. Related objects, places and people
  18. 18. What happens when you Link Personal Data?
  19. 19. WW2 was rather Eventful
  20. 20. Data (about WW2) is Everywhere … except on institutional websites ...
  21. 21. War Resources 4 All
  22. 22. Why Open Data? ▪ Outreach and education ▪ Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe (LOCKSS) ▪ Linking Data impossible without Open Data ▪ Thematic approach = beyond institution scope ▪ We are all owners of these collections
  23. 23. Audiovisual collections from WW2  Most WW2 footage in copyright  Propaganda films are probably out of copyright  Forgotten collections  Little research about Dutch Nazis
  24. 24. National Socialist Movement: the Dutch national socialist party 1931-1945 The Nazi propaganda collection Still from Vormingsdag te Roermond, Filmdienst der NSB, 1943
  25. 25.  National Socialist Movement Photo & Film service  Propaganda, ‘confiscated war material’  170 films, 33 films in HD1080i  1940 - 1944 The Nazi propaganda collection
  26. 26. Scientific and social value Still from: SPIEGEL DER BEWEGING, 1943, nr. 27 item 8 Filmdienst der NSB taak id. 47897  ‘Ideal world’ according to National Socialist Movement  Order, discipline, patriotism, people’s interest before individual interest  Unanimity, togetherness, solidarity  First large scale use of propaganda on film
  27. 27. Importance of recognizing propaganda Crowds on the National Mall just before Donald Trump’s inauguration in 2017 (left) and Barack Obama’s in 2009. Photograph: Reuters
  28. 28. Public domain status  Films: 1940-1944  Flowchart online publication  Author = organisation  “Besluit Ontbinding Landverraderlijke Organisaties” (BOLO, September 17th, 1944)  70 years after 1st publication → public domain  Risk assessment
  29. 29. edge/knowledge- themes/users/copyright/flowcha rt Find it online here: -themes/users/copyright/flowchart
  30. 30.  Complete, authentic material from a reliable resource  Scientifical use- digital humanities  Showing the complete story  Sharing on Wikimedia and other places Benefits of publication as open data
  31. 31. Ethical assessment and risks  Persons portrayed  Naive/ idealistic image of reality  Possible misuse
  32. 32. Ethical risks: persons Still from “Aanleg van een vliegveld”, Spiegel der Beweging nr 27., item 7, 1943
  33. 33. Ethical risks: naive and idealistic image Still from “Houdt uw stad schoon,’ 1942
  34. 34. Ethical risks: possible misuse Sill from ‘Filmverslag van het officiële bezoek van Mussert aan de provincie Noord Holland.” Spiegel der Beweging 1942
  35. 35. Diligent research  Involving the CIDI Israeli representative organisation  Putting together Q&A and factsheets  Communication plans
  36. 36.  Symposium  Media attention: 50 websites, national TV & 2 radio shows  Wikimedia → Wikipedia  Social media: Twitter, FaceBook Publication channels
  37. 37. Reception on social media ‘This is history. History isn’t always smart or pretty. It is what it is.” ‘Why is such a stupid film being published on social media? Are we recruiting nazis?’
  38. 38. Reception in newsmedia
  39. 39. Publicity and marketing
  40. 40. ● Extending rights research to clear more collections ● Keep on monitoring response and use Next steps
  41. 41. ,    Wikimedia → Wikipedia want to find this material yourself?
  42. 42.  Julia Vytopil -  Tom de Smet -  Lizzy Jongma - Questions?