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Ontario’s 2012 Transit-Supportive Guidelines:
       Transit Improvement Strategies




                            Ontario East Municipal Conference
                            September 12, 2012
                            Ministry of Transportation     1
Transit Improvement Guidelines

  Increasing transit ridership, a provincial priority

  Since 2004, $2.2 billion committed to municipal transit
   systems through dedicated gas taxes

  Aim of funding: to support municipalities in growing
   ridership

  Expanded transit content in Guidelines to assist
   municipal transit providers in developing strategies for
   ridership growth



                                                              2
Ridership growth 2000 to 2010




                                3
Transit Systems in Eastern Ontario




                       25 transit systems
                         Conventional & Specialized-11
                         Conventional only - 6
                         Specialized only - 8



                                                 4
Most municipal transit systems in
Eastern Ontario serve small populations




                                          5
Demographics affecting transportation
 By 2036 – 23.4% of Ontario population age 65+




                                                 6
Share of seniors population by region
  Most of Eastern Ontario projected to have
  over 25% seniors by 2036




                                              7
Smaller transit systems tend to serve
transit-dependent*
   Can’t drive or do not own cars
   Seniors
   Persons with disability
   Students
   Lower incomes




* Todd Litman. Evaluating Public Transit Benefits and Costs. Victoria
   Transport Policy Institute (2012), p. 5.
                                                                        8
Challenges of small and mid-sized
systems
   Lower populations, lower densities

   Dispersed origins and destinations

   Higher operating costs, lower fare revenues

   Greater need for accessible transit & facilities




                                                       9
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
3.1.3 Demand-Responsive Transit Service (p. 104)
Flexible services address low densities, dispersed destinations


    Mixing fixed routes
     with requested pick-
     ups & stops to
     overcome longer
     distances to and from
     transit stops

    Using taxis/vans to
     add capacity or as
     feeder service in
     outlying areas


                                                                  10
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
3.5.3 Targeting Ridership through Partnerships (p. 142)
Forming partnerships to target groups with high transit use helps
maintain ridership and fare revenues


   Schools and colleges;
    provide student passes

   Health and social agencies,
    medical centres , seniors
    housing, to serve client
    groups




                                                                    11
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
Community Transportation (3.1.3 #9, p.105)
Forming partnerships with other transportation service providers
can optimize use of transportation assets and lower costs

    Coordinate service with long-term care, social service
     agencies, hospitals, volunteer organizations

    One number to
     call
    Sharing vehicle
     and operators to
     provide more
     trips, meet unmet
     demand




                                                                   12
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
3.4.1 Universal Design for Accessibility (p. 124)
Accessible design and services remove barriers to mobility, making
transit accessible to people of all ages and all abilities

    Transit accessibility
     requirements in Ontario
     Accessible Transportation
     Standard
    Make entire transit trip
     accessible:
        route to transit stops
        walkways
        transit stops/shelters
        stairs/ramps
        parking lots
        stations/platforms
        vehicles                                                    13
Sample Guidelines for smaller systems
3.5.2 Changing Demographics (p. 138)

Plan transit to serve needs of aging population with increase in
mobility disabilities

   Work with social agencies and
    healthcare networks to
    determine travel needs of older
    clients

   Assess all transit facilities,
    routes, stops for safety and
    comfort for seniors

   Assess whether transit
    destinations, hours and
    frequencies serve seniors


                                                                   14
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
3.2.1 Performance Monitoring and Evaluation (p. 108)
Performance monitoring and evaluation provides systematic
approach to implementing service improvements

    Performance measurement
     builds understanding of
     service levels (service gaps,
     areas of opportunity)

    Setting strategic goals is 1st
     step to developing service
     standards and service plan




                                                            15
Sample guidelines for smaller systems
 1.2.2 Transit Network Design and Planning            (p. 30)

 Sets out principles of transit network design with emphasis on
 connectivity and aligning network to growth and changes in
 local land use

    Growing small to mid-size
     communities can add cross
     town routes to provide more
     direct service as nodes emerge




       Case study on Oakville’s
       transition from radial
       network to grid (p. 168)


                                                                  16

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Transit supportive guideline transit

  • 1. Ontario’s 2012 Transit-Supportive Guidelines: Transit Improvement Strategies Ontario East Municipal Conference September 12, 2012 Ministry of Transportation 1
  • 2. Transit Improvement Guidelines  Increasing transit ridership, a provincial priority  Since 2004, $2.2 billion committed to municipal transit systems through dedicated gas taxes  Aim of funding: to support municipalities in growing ridership  Expanded transit content in Guidelines to assist municipal transit providers in developing strategies for ridership growth 2
  • 4. Transit Systems in Eastern Ontario 25 transit systems Conventional & Specialized-11 Conventional only - 6 Specialized only - 8 4
  • 5. Most municipal transit systems in Eastern Ontario serve small populations 5
  • 6. Demographics affecting transportation By 2036 – 23.4% of Ontario population age 65+ 6
  • 7. Share of seniors population by region Most of Eastern Ontario projected to have over 25% seniors by 2036 7
  • 8. Smaller transit systems tend to serve transit-dependent*  Can’t drive or do not own cars  Seniors  Persons with disability  Students  Lower incomes * Todd Litman. Evaluating Public Transit Benefits and Costs. Victoria Transport Policy Institute (2012), p. 5. 8
  • 9. Challenges of small and mid-sized systems  Lower populations, lower densities  Dispersed origins and destinations  Higher operating costs, lower fare revenues  Greater need for accessible transit & facilities 9
  • 10. Sample guidelines for smaller systems 3.1.3 Demand-Responsive Transit Service (p. 104) Flexible services address low densities, dispersed destinations  Mixing fixed routes with requested pick- ups & stops to overcome longer distances to and from transit stops  Using taxis/vans to add capacity or as feeder service in outlying areas 10
  • 11. Sample guidelines for smaller systems 3.5.3 Targeting Ridership through Partnerships (p. 142) Forming partnerships to target groups with high transit use helps maintain ridership and fare revenues  Schools and colleges; provide student passes  Health and social agencies, medical centres , seniors housing, to serve client groups 11
  • 12. Sample guidelines for smaller systems Community Transportation (3.1.3 #9, p.105) Forming partnerships with other transportation service providers can optimize use of transportation assets and lower costs  Coordinate service with long-term care, social service agencies, hospitals, volunteer organizations  One number to call  Sharing vehicle and operators to provide more trips, meet unmet demand 12
  • 13. Sample guidelines for smaller systems 3.4.1 Universal Design for Accessibility (p. 124) Accessible design and services remove barriers to mobility, making transit accessible to people of all ages and all abilities  Transit accessibility requirements in Ontario Accessible Transportation Standard  Make entire transit trip accessible:  route to transit stops  walkways  transit stops/shelters  stairs/ramps  parking lots  stations/platforms  vehicles 13
  • 14. Sample Guidelines for smaller systems 3.5.2 Changing Demographics (p. 138) Plan transit to serve needs of aging population with increase in mobility disabilities  Work with social agencies and healthcare networks to determine travel needs of older clients  Assess all transit facilities, routes, stops for safety and comfort for seniors  Assess whether transit destinations, hours and frequencies serve seniors 14
  • 15. Sample guidelines for smaller systems 3.2.1 Performance Monitoring and Evaluation (p. 108) Performance monitoring and evaluation provides systematic approach to implementing service improvements  Performance measurement builds understanding of service levels (service gaps, areas of opportunity)  Setting strategic goals is 1st step to developing service standards and service plan 15
  • 16. Sample guidelines for smaller systems 1.2.2 Transit Network Design and Planning (p. 30) Sets out principles of transit network design with emphasis on connectivity and aligning network to growth and changes in local land use  Growing small to mid-size communities can add cross town routes to provide more direct service as nodes emerge Case study on Oakville’s transition from radial network to grid (p. 168) 16