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Planning for clean water


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Planning for clean water

  1. 1. Eastern Ontario Conservation Authorities Planning for Clean Water: Next Steps for Drinking Water Source ProtectionOEMC September 13, 2012
  2. 2. What is Source Water Protection?It’s Prevention!Taking steps to keep contaminants out ofdrinking water sources such as rivers, lakesand groundwaterIt’s Part of a Multi-Barrier Approach“The best way to achieve a healthy public watersupply is to put in place multiple barriers thatkeep water contaminants from reaching people”“A degree of redundancy guards against thefailure of any one barrier.” Justice Dennis O’ConnorOEMC September 13, 2012
  3. 3. Why Protect Source Water?• Water treatment is not always enough Water treatment systems don’t remove all contaminants, particularly chemicals such as fuels and solvents. The safest approach is to prevent contamination.• Prevention saves money It’s much cheaper to keep water clean than it is to try and remove contaminants. Clean-up costs can reach millions of dollars and severely impact municipalities, businesses and individuals.• Contamination can ruin a water source forever Sometimes contamination cannot be removed forcing a water supply to be sealed off and an alternative source of water provided.• Source protection has other benefits Clean and plentiful sources of drinking water support economic growth, tourism, recreation, and fish and wildlife habitat. OEMC September 13, 2012
  4. 4. How Do We Protect Source Water?Ontario’s Clean Water Act wasintroduced in 2006 • Focus is protecting sources of municipal drinking water • Approach is developing Science-based policies • Decisions are made at the local watershed scaleOEMC September 13, 2012
  5. 5. Source Protection Areas & RegionsOEMC September 13, 2012
  6. 6. Source Protection Committees• Chair• 1/3 Municipal Reps Members of council and staff Municipal Economic• 1/3 Economic Sector Reps Interests Interests Agriculture, industry, small business…• 1/3 Public Interest Reps Public First Nations, environment, public… Interests• 3 Non-voting Liaison Members Representing MOE, SPAs & Health UnitsOEMC September 13, 2012
  7. 7. Key Steps Source Protection Committee 2007 Assessment Report 2009 - 2011 Source Protection Plan 2010 - 2012 Plan Approval & Implementation 2013+ First Progress Report 2015 Update Assessment Report and PlanOEMC September 13, 2012
  8. 8. Source Protection Process: 1. Identify Vulnerable Areas (drinking water sources) Assessment Report • Wellhead Protection Areas municipal drinking water • Intake Protection Zones municipal drinking water • Highly Vulnerable Aquifers private wells 2. Identify Drinking Water Threats MOE • 21 “prescribed drinking water threats” • Also opportunity to add other threats locallyProtection Source 3. Address Drinking Water Threats Plan • Consider existing legislation and requirements • Develop additional policies where necessary to manage or prohibitOEMC September 13, 2012
  9. 9. Wellhead Protection AreasOEMC September 13, 2012
  10. 10. Westport Wellhead Protection AreaOEMC September 13, 2012
  11. 11. MOE’s Designated Significant Threats Wellhead Intake Protection Protection MOE Drinking Water Threat Categories Area Zone 10 8 10 9 8.1 / 8Waste Disposal Site (establishment, operation or maintenance)     Sewage System (establishment, operation or maintenance)     Agricultural Source Material (ASM) (application, handling and storage)    Non-Agricultural Source Material (NASM) (application, handling and storage)    Aquaculture    Outdoor Livestock Areas (grazing, pasturing, outdoor     confinement area, farm-animal yard)Commercial Fertilizer (application, handling and storage)   Pesticides (application, handling and storage)     Road Salt (application, handling and storage)   Snow (storage)   Fuel (handling and storage)   Anywhere in 5Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) (handling and storage) year time of  travelOrganic Solvent (handling and storage)  De-icing of Aircraft (management of runoff )    *DNAPLs are chemicals that sink in water and have low solubility (e.g. trichloroethylene)OEMC September 13, 2012
  12. 12. Where Policies Will Apply • Small Areas Mississippi-Rideau  12 areas covering less than 1.5% of the watersheds Cataraqui  12 areas covering less than 1% of the watershed • Few Activities • Mississippi-Rideau  330 potential activities on 300+ property parcels • Cataraqui  158 potential activities on 114 property parcels • Additional requirements or prohibition only if necessary  Many activities are already adequately managed to protect drinking waterOEMC September 13, 2012
  13. 13. Highly Vulnerable AquifersOEMC September 13, 2012
  14. 14. Policy Toolbox Address Address Policy Tool Significant Threats Moderate & Low ThreatsEducation & Outreach   Municipality / CA must complyIncentive Programs   Municipality / CA must complySpecify Action   Municipality / CA must complyPrescribed Instruments   Must Conform Must Have RegardLand Use Planning   Must Conform Must Have RegardRisk Management Plans  X(under the Clean Water Act) Must ComplyProhibition  X(under the Clean Water Act) Must Comply OEMC September 13, 2012
  15. 15. Policy Development: Approve Ministry of the Environment Source Protection Authority Submit (Conservation Authority Board of Directors) Develop Source Protection Committee Municipalities Property Owners Interested Groups Other Implementers Business Owners General Public Sector ExpertsNeighbouring RegionsOEMC September 13, 2012
  16. 16. The Result…OEMC September 13, 2012
  17. 17. General Policy Approach in Eastern Ontario • Education – across the board for most threats • Manage – generally all existing activities and some future activities • Prohibit – some future activities Managing Activities: • Rely on existing requirements where possible (business as usual) • Add new requirements if necessary (inspection, change in practice) Prohibiting Future Activities: • Those that are large scale, high risk or have little local impact Implementation: • First choice – provincial prescribed instruments • Second choice – other existing tools or programs • Third choice – Risk Management Official toolsOEMC September 13, 2012
  18. 18. Mississippi-RideauExample WHPA Scored 10Prohibit (future):•Waste disposal sites•Sewage works such as industrialeffluent, combined sewers andsewage treatment plants•Snow dumps and road salt storage•DNAPLs and organic solvents•Fuel storage at licensed facilitiessuch as at gas stations• Commercial (non-farm) pesticideand fertilizer storage•Aircraft de-icingManage: WHPA Scored 8•On-site sewage systems(mandatory inspections) Prohibit (future):• Sanitary sewers •Waste disposal sites(regular inspections and maintenance) •Sewage works: industrial WHPA - C•Road salt application effluent, combined sewers and(Management Plans / Smart Salt Practices) sewage treatment plants Prohibit (future):•DNAPLs, organic solvents, fuel •DNAPLs •DNAPLsstored at private outlets, commercialfertilizer, ASM, NASM, outdoor Manage: Manage:livestock areas •Existing DNAPLs •Existing DNAPLs(Risk Management Plans) (Risk Management Plan) (Risk Management Plan)OEMC September 13, 2012
  19. 19. Next StepsSource Protection Plan Approval:• Plans submitted to MOE in August, 2012 – approval is expected in 2013Types of Implementation Activities that Could Affect Municipalities:• On-site Sewage System Maintenance Inspection Program o Inspection every 5 years in WHPAs and IPZs scored 10• Land Use Planning o Update OP and zoning during next 5 year review o Screen planning and development applications in vulnerable areas• Municipal Bylaws o Update or create municipal bylaws (e.g. sewer use bylaw)• Risk Management Official o Enforce some prohibition and negotiate Risk Management Plans• Municipal Activities o Salt Management Plans, sanitary sewer inspections…• Public EducationOEMC September 13, 2012
  20. 20. Preparing for ImplementationResources & Delivery:• Working group meetings are taking place with municipal staff• “How To” guidance is being developed at the request of municipalities o Sample wording (OP, zoning, bylaws) o Templates (Salt Management Plans)• Education materials are being developed provincially• Risk Management Official duties can be delegated – discussion underwayFunding:• Lobbying for provincial implementation funding o This could cover Risk Management Official costs• Lobbying for provincial stewardship funding to continue beyond 2012OEMC September 13, 2012
  21. 21. More Information: Cataraqui: Rob McRae, Project Manager 613-546-4228 or 1-877-956-2722 ext. 224 Mississippi-Rideau: Sommer Casgrain-Robertson, Co-Project Manager 613-692-3571 or 1-800-267-3504 ext. 1147 Quinte: Keith Taylor, Project Manager 613-968-3434 ext. 114 Raisin-South Nation: Richard Pilon, Project Manager 613-938-3611 or 1-866-938-3611 ext. 224 Trent: Jennifer Stephens, Project Manager 613-394-3915 ext. 246OEMC September 13, 2012