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Planning for clean water

  1. 1. Eastern Ontario Conservation Authorities Planning for Clean Water: Next Steps for Drinking Water Source Protection OEMC September 13, 2012
  2. 2. What is Source Water Protection? It’s Prevention! Taking steps to keep contaminants out of drinking water sources such as rivers, lakes and groundwater It’s Part of a Multi-Barrier Approach “The best way to achieve a healthy public water supply is to put in place multiple barriers that keep water contaminants from reaching people” “A degree of redundancy guards against the failure of any one barrier.” Justice Dennis O’Connor OEMC September 13, 2012
  3. 3. Why Protect Source Water? • Water treatment is not always enough Water treatment systems don’t remove all contaminants, particularly chemicals such as fuels and solvents. The safest approach is to prevent contamination. • Prevention saves money It’s much cheaper to keep water clean than it is to try and remove contaminants. Clean-up costs can reach millions of dollars and severely impact municipalities, businesses and individuals. • Contamination can ruin a water source forever Sometimes contamination cannot be removed forcing a water supply to be sealed off and an alternative source of water provided. • Source protection has other benefits Clean and plentiful sources of drinking water support economic growth, tourism, recreation, and fish and wildlife habitat. OEMC September 13, 2012
  4. 4. How Do We Protect Source Water? Ontario’s Clean Water Act was introduced in 2006 • Focus is protecting sources of municipal drinking water • Approach is developing Science-based policies • Decisions are made at the local watershed scale OEMC September 13, 2012
  5. 5. Source Protection Areas & Regions OEMC September 13, 2012
  6. 6. Source Protection Committees • Chair • 1/3 Municipal Reps Members of council and staff Municipal Economic • 1/3 Economic Sector Reps Interests Interests Agriculture, industry, small business… • 1/3 Public Interest Reps Public First Nations, environment, public… Interests • 3 Non-voting Liaison Members Representing MOE, SPAs & Health Units OEMC September 13, 2012
  7. 7. Key Steps Source Protection Committee 2007 Assessment Report 2009 - 2011 Source Protection Plan 2010 - 2012 Plan Approval & Implementation 2013+ First Progress Report 2015 Update Assessment Report and Plan OEMC September 13, 2012
  8. 8. Source Protection Process: 1. Identify Vulnerable Areas (drinking water sources) Assessment Report • Wellhead Protection Areas municipal drinking water • Intake Protection Zones municipal drinking water • Highly Vulnerable Aquifers private wells 2. Identify Drinking Water Threats MOE • 21 “prescribed drinking water threats” • Also opportunity to add other threats locally Protection Source 3. Address Drinking Water Threats Plan • Consider existing legislation and requirements • Develop additional policies where necessary to manage or prohibit OEMC September 13, 2012
  9. 9. Wellhead Protection Areas OEMC September 13, 2012
  10. 10. Westport Wellhead Protection Area OEMC September 13, 2012
  11. 11. MOE’s Designated Significant Threats Wellhead Intake Protection Protection MOE Drinking Water Threat Categories Area Zone 10 8 10 9 8.1 / 8 Waste Disposal Site (establishment, operation or maintenance)      Sewage System (establishment, operation or maintenance)      Agricultural Source Material (ASM) (application, handling and storage)     Non-Agricultural Source Material (NASM) (application, handling and storage)     Aquaculture     Outdoor Livestock Areas (grazing, pasturing, outdoor     confinement area, farm-animal yard) Commercial Fertilizer (application, handling and storage)    Pesticides (application, handling and storage)      Road Salt (application, handling and storage)    Snow (storage)    Fuel (handling and storage)   Anywhere in 5 Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) (handling and storage) year time of  travel Organic Solvent (handling and storage)   De-icing of Aircraft (management of runoff )    *DNAPLs are chemicals that sink in water and have low solubility (e.g. trichloroethylene) OEMC September 13, 2012
  12. 12. Where Policies Will Apply • Small Areas Mississippi-Rideau  12 areas covering less than 1.5% of the watersheds Cataraqui  12 areas covering less than 1% of the watershed • Few Activities • Mississippi-Rideau  330 potential activities on 300+ property parcels • Cataraqui  158 potential activities on 114 property parcels • Additional requirements or prohibition only if necessary  Many activities are already adequately managed to protect drinking water OEMC September 13, 2012
  13. 13. Highly Vulnerable Aquifers OEMC September 13, 2012
  14. 14. Policy Toolbox Address Address Policy Tool Significant Threats Moderate & Low Threats Education & Outreach   Municipality / CA must comply Incentive Programs   Municipality / CA must comply Specify Action   Municipality / CA must comply Prescribed Instruments   Must Conform Must Have Regard Land Use Planning   Must Conform Must Have Regard Risk Management Plans  X (under the Clean Water Act) Must Comply Prohibition  X (under the Clean Water Act) Must Comply OEMC September 13, 2012
  15. 15. Policy Development: Approve Ministry of the Environment Source Protection Authority Submit (Conservation Authority Board of Directors) Develop Source Protection Committee Municipalities Property Owners Interested Groups Other Implementers Business Owners General Public Sector Experts Neighbouring Regions OEMC September 13, 2012
  16. 16. The Result… OEMC September 13, 2012
  17. 17. General Policy Approach in Eastern Ontario • Education – across the board for most threats • Manage – generally all existing activities and some future activities • Prohibit – some future activities Managing Activities: • Rely on existing requirements where possible (business as usual) • Add new requirements if necessary (inspection, change in practice) Prohibiting Future Activities: • Those that are large scale, high risk or have little local impact Implementation: • First choice – provincial prescribed instruments • Second choice – other existing tools or programs • Third choice – Risk Management Official tools OEMC September 13, 2012
  18. 18. Mississippi-Rideau Example WHPA Scored 10 Prohibit (future): •Waste disposal sites •Sewage works such as industrial effluent, combined sewers and sewage treatment plants •Snow dumps and road salt storage •DNAPLs and organic solvents •Fuel storage at licensed facilities such as at gas stations • Commercial (non-farm) pesticide and fertilizer storage •Aircraft de-icing Manage: WHPA Scored 8 •On-site sewage systems (mandatory inspections) Prohibit (future): • Sanitary sewers •Waste disposal sites (regular inspections and maintenance) •Sewage works: industrial WHPA - C •Road salt application effluent, combined sewers and (Management Plans / Smart Salt Practices) sewage treatment plants Prohibit (future): •DNAPLs, organic solvents, fuel •DNAPLs •DNAPLs stored at private outlets, commercial fertilizer, ASM, NASM, outdoor Manage: Manage: livestock areas •Existing DNAPLs •Existing DNAPLs (Risk Management Plans) (Risk Management Plan) (Risk Management Plan) OEMC September 13, 2012
  19. 19. Next Steps Source Protection Plan Approval: • Plans submitted to MOE in August, 2012 – approval is expected in 2013 Types of Implementation Activities that Could Affect Municipalities: • On-site Sewage System Maintenance Inspection Program o Inspection every 5 years in WHPAs and IPZs scored 10 • Land Use Planning o Update OP and zoning during next 5 year review o Screen planning and development applications in vulnerable areas • Municipal Bylaws o Update or create municipal bylaws (e.g. sewer use bylaw) • Risk Management Official o Enforce some prohibition and negotiate Risk Management Plans • Municipal Activities o Salt Management Plans, sanitary sewer inspections… • Public Education OEMC September 13, 2012
  20. 20. Preparing for Implementation Resources & Delivery: • Working group meetings are taking place with municipal staff • “How To” guidance is being developed at the request of municipalities o Sample wording (OP, zoning, bylaws) o Templates (Salt Management Plans) • Education materials are being developed provincially • Risk Management Official duties can be delegated – discussion underway Funding: • Lobbying for provincial implementation funding o This could cover Risk Management Official costs • Lobbying for provincial stewardship funding to continue beyond 2012 OEMC September 13, 2012
  21. 21. More Information: Cataraqui: Rob McRae, Project Manager robmcrae@cataraquiregion.on.ca 613-546-4228 or 1-877-956-2722 ext. 224 www.cleanwatercataraqui.ca Mississippi-Rideau: Sommer Casgrain-Robertson, Co-Project Manager sommer.robertson@mrsourcewater.ca 613-692-3571 or 1-800-267-3504 ext. 1147 www.mrsourcewater.ca Quinte: Keith Taylor, Project Manager ktaylor@quinteconservation.ca 613-968-3434 ext. 114 www.quintesourcewater.ca Raisin-South Nation: Richard Pilon, Project Manager rpilon@nation.on.ca 613-938-3611 or 1-866-938-3611 ext. 224 www.yourdrinkingwater.ca Trent: Jennifer Stephens, Project Manager jennifer.stephens@ltc.on.ca 613-394-3915 ext. 246 OEMC September 13, 2012 www.trentsourceprotection.on.ca

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