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Education policy making process

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Education policy making process

  1. 1. PLANNING AND POLICY MAKING PROCESS Tariqul Islam
  2. 2. Policy, Plan and Program  What is Policy?  Policy is a statement of goals.—Quality Education for all.  A policy contains one or more plans to attain the policy’s goals—Increasing school enrollment, reducing drop outs, increasing rate of passing in Completion Exam, etc.  Each plan specifies objectives to be attained through a program  Program is a set of specific actions--- Stipend program, school feeding program, etc.
  3. 3. Education Policy making process  Background  Committee formulation  Setting Goal  Specify rational and objectives  Review of education commission and policy  Draft policy and feedback  Policy finalization Education Policy, 2010
  4. 4. Background  It has not been possible to construct and establish any Education policy in the last four decades  Vision 2021: to bring change in the quality of life  Promise of establishing a digital Bangladesh Education Policy, 2010
  5. 5. Committee formulation  An 18 member Education Policy formulation committee  National Professor Kabir Chowdhury as the chair  Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad as the co- chair Education Policy, 2010
  6. 6. Setting Goal  Goal of The National Education Policy embodies the nation’s verdict and aspirations, the spirit of liberation warand independence; it reflects people’s goals and values and thereby follows the basic Constitutional guideline. Education Policy, 2010
  7. 7. Specify rational and objectives Rational:  To ensure the rights and the opportunities for education for all eradicating all differences Objectives are:  eradicate illiteracy and ensuring quality education for all  achieve quality, modern and updated education  upgrade the quality of higher education Education Policy, 2010
  8. 8. Review of education commissions and Policy  Dr. Qudrat-e-Khuda Commission, 1972  Education Policy, 2000 (draft) Education Policy, 2010
  9. 9. Draft policy and feedback Within four months, a draft National Education Policy was developed and  it was put to website and other media for sharing widely with the people of all walks of life for their feedback.  Different seminars and meetings were held on the draft policy and comments were recorded. Education Policy, 2010
  10. 10. Policy finalization The draft policy has been finalized with  Further additions and amendments with the incorporation of relevant views, recommendations and suggestions received from educationists, teachers, students, parents, politicians, ale m s (Muslim theological experts), businessmen, investors, professionals and people from all strata of life. Education Policy, 2010
  11. 11. Planning  Is reasoning about how an organization will get where it wants to go (policy).  Is to see opportunities and threats in the future and to exploit or combat them by making decision in the present
  12. 12. Models of different Planning Framework  Rational planning model  Logical incremental planning  Contingency planning  Crisis management planning
  13. 13. Rational planning model  Rational planning model provides a systematic and well-established model to understand the planning process
  14. 14. Figure: Rational planning model Step 5: Feedback loop Low attendance rate
  15. 15. Logical incremental planning  Logical incremental model recommends that the policymakers meet challenges slowly by taking small—incremental— steps.  Do a pilot project, if it works, expand, improve, if it doesn’t work at all, start again new.
  16. 16. Figure: Logical incremental planning Increase attendance
  17. 17. Contingency planning  If there is a flood—how will the schools have classes?  If there is a too many absent teachers– how will the school conduct classes?  If-Then scenario planning.  The plans should be made ahead  Scenarios have to be projected and plans how to deal with them must be done beforehand.
  18. 18. Crisis management planning  Forms of crisis/accidents:  Natural—fire, floods, cyclones, etc.  Normal—physical illness, industrial accidents, supply breakdowns, power failures, books and supplies breakdown, economic crises, recessions, etc,  Abnormal—criminal crisis, terrorist attacks, kidnapping, information crises, cyber attacks, tampering with official records, etc.
  19. 19. Stages of Crisis Management  If there is a probability of infectious disease outbreak like chicken pox—what steps will schools follow?
  20. 20. Stages of Crisis Management  There are three essential steps:  Prevention: - building relationship with key stakeholder  Preparation: - detail planning to handle - designate a spokesperson  Containment (response and follow-up concerns) - speak with one voice to minimize the number of conflicting stories - strive to give people a sense of security and
  21. 21. Crisis Management Plan (CMP)  This should be a detailed written plan that specifies what steps should be taken by whom in a crisis.  The plan should list names of contact persons with phone numbers, etc.  There should be plans of backup and recovery if and when it calls for.

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