MODALS AND AUXILLARIES
Modal is an auxiliary verb that is used with another verb to
indicate its mood, as can, could, may, might, must, shall,
should, will, and would: it has no special form in the third
person singular and no present or past participle.
May, might; can, could; shall, should; will would; ought;
need; dare; are called modal auxiliaries because they are
used to form certain moods for which English has no
inflected verb form.
I CAN ALWAYS MAKE YOU SMILE
CAN I EAT MY
FOOD IN HERE?
ANYBODY CAN MAKE MISTAKES.
I could never listen to lectures in my
ABILITY school days.
I could speak for another hour or so.
May I come in?
It may rain today.
Might I smoke in here?
What you say might be true?
He shall get his dues.
We shall let you know our decision.
WILLINGNESS He shall be punished. OBLIGATION
He should listen to his elders.
I 'am surprised that such a tragedy
should happen to you.
Habitual Will/Would Intention
• Will you please break open
the piggy bank?
• I will do better in my next exam.
Necessity • We will reach on time.
• Oil will float on water.
MUST OUGHT TO
• Tell us the quality of the Noun or pronoun.
• It may also point out quantity of the Noun or Pronoun.
Example: There are 3 tiered wedding cakes on
display in the baker’s shop.
COMPARITIVE : BETWEEN TWO
• FEWER vs. LESS
SUPERLATIVE : ALL
Are those phrases that modify/describe:
• OTHER ADVERBS
He drove a very fast car.
He drove slowly.
He brought the car very quickly to a halt.
Tenses Simple Continuous Perfect
Active I call I am calling I have called …………..
Passive I am called I am being I have been called I have been
Active I called I was calling I had called …………..
Passive I was called I was being I had been called I had been
Active I shall call ………. I shall have called …………..
Future Passive I shall be I shall be calling I shall have been I shall have
called called been calling