Introduction to clay (1)

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An introduction to ceramics

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Introduction to clay (1)

  1. 1. CeramicsBy: Casey Ondek
  2. 2. What are Ceramics“The art and science of forming objects from earthmaterials containing or combined with silica,produced with the aid of heat treatment at 1300ferenhight or more” (Susan Peterson, The Art and Craft of Clay)“A ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic solidprepared by the action of heat and subsequeuentcooling” (Wikipedia)
  3. 3. Domestic: Cooking Storing Food Transporting and Storing WaterReligious or Ceramonial Uses Symbolic Representations Grave Objects Tomb FiguresDistribution Evidence or TradeArtistic Expression http://www.thefakebusters.com/canopic%20jars/photos%20canopi c%20jars/Egyptian%20canopic%20jar%202.jpg
  4. 4. The MolecularComposition of ClayAl2O3 2SiO2 2H2O
  5. 5. PlasicityShrinkagePorosityVitrification: Quartz Inversion
  6. 6. Primary (Residual) The Mother ClaySecondary (Sedimentary) The Desendants
  7. 7. KaolinBall ClayFireclayStoneware http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2001/of01-Earthenware 041/htmldocs/images/kaostru.jpgSlipclayBentonite http://www.rockinghamcc.edu/library/pottery/coll ection_1_RCC_ancient_pottery_collection.jpg
  8. 8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWIMHNo5os8
  9. 9. Base Clay PlasitcizerFiller or Temper Colorant Clip Art
  10. 10. FiringTemperature Pyrometric Cones http://www.netzsch-thermal- analysis.com/data/produkte/31_produkt.jpg www.googleimages.com
  11. 11. Some Types of Advanced CeramicsAluminaSilicon Nitrate and Silicon CarbideTransformation- Toughened Zirconia (ITZ) http://www.vertebr.ae/Blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/zirconia-transformation-toughening-in-ceramics.gif
  12. 12. Some Uses of Advanced CeramicsInsulationPiezo Eletric and Magnetic CeramicsLasersSemiconductorMedical and BioceramicsCorrelle http://adsoftheworld.com/files/images/corelle_dinnerware_vending_machine.jpg

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