Cuba is the largest island in the West Indies. It has many resources. Only about one-fourth of the land is mountains or hills. Much of the land is gentle hills or plains which are good for farming or raising cattle. Cuba has fertile soil and a warm climate that makes it great for growing crops.Sugar is the most important crop of Cuba, and they may get it from the sugar cane. Sugar cane is the largest cash crop grown in Cuba, and it brings in most of the money. After that, the second is tobacco. Tobacco is made into cigars by hand. A hand-made cigar is considered by many people to be the finest in the world. Other important crops are rice, coffee, and fruit. Cuba also has many minerals. Cobalt, nickel, iron, copper, and manganese are all on the island. Salt, petroleum, and natural gas are there too. The coast of Cuba has many bays and a few good harbors. Havana, which is the capital, is also a port. Other harbors have port cities. Nuevitas is a port city on the north coast. Cienfuegos, Guantánamo, and Santiago de Cubaare some of the port cities on the south coast.Cuba has a semi-tropical climate. That means that the cool ocean winds keep it becoming hot, despite its being in the tropiocal zone. Cuba has a wet season and a dry season. The dry season is from November to April, and the wet season is from May to October. August to October is also the hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean. Because of this, most of Cuba's port cities can be flooded along the coast.
Caribbean: the region consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (including the West Indies), and the surrounding coasts.
Cuchillas del Toa (English: Ridges of Toa) is a Biosphere Reserve in Cuba. It is located in the eastern part of the country, mostly in theGuantánamo Province and reaching to the north into the Holguín Province. Most of the reserve is established in the drainage area of the Toa River, which flows for 118 km (73 mi) to the Atlantic Ocean in Baracoa.Sierra Cristal National Park (Spanish: ParqueNacional Sierra Cristal) is a national park in Cuba. It is located in the municipalities ofMayarí and Sagua de Tánamo in southern Holguín Province. It was the first National Park created in Cuba in 1930, and covers an area of 185.37 km2 (71.57 sq mi).It is located in the heights of Sierra Cristal (Cristal Mountains), one of the highest mountain range in Cuba (second only to Sierra Maestra). Cristal Peak (Pico Cristal) reaches an elevation of 1,300 m (4,300 ft).Topes de Collantes is a nature reserve park in the Escambray Mountains range in Cuba. It also refers to the third highest peak in the reserve, where a small settlement and tourist center is located, all sharing the same name.Pico Turquino is the highest point in Cuba. It is located in the southeast part of the island, in the Sierra Maestra mountain range in Santiago de Cuba Province.The name is believed to be a corruption of turquoise (Spanish: turquí) peak, named so for the blue hues taken by the heights in certain views. It was first mentioned (under the name "Tarquino") on a map drawn by Gerardo Kramer in the late 18th century.A bust of José Martí, sculpted by Jilma Madera, was placed on the peak to celebrate his centenary.Turquino National Park is established on a 229.38 km2 (88.56 sq mi) area around the peak.Turquino National Park (sometimes called Sierra Maestra National Park) is a National Park in Cuba. It is located in the heights of theSierraMaestra mountain range, in the Santiago de Cuba Province, 50 km (31 mi) west of Guamá.The park was named for Pico Turquino (1,975 m (6,480 ft)), the highest point in Cuba and has a total area of 229.38 km2 (88.56 sq mi). It was established on January 8, 1980, with the passing of bill 27/1980. Besides Pico Turquino it also contains the mountains Pico Cuba, Pico Real and Pico Suecia, and the protected area stretches to Cuba's southern coast at the beach of Marea del Portillo.
Rugged: rough irregular surface
Rio Cauto is the longest river with a lenght of 370 km. The Cauto river takes its rise in the Sierra Maestra in the Santiago province and flows to the Gulf of Guacanayabo. Its tributaries are the Rio Salado, Rio Bayamo and the Rio Contramaestre.Rio Almendares is 45 km long and ends in the Straits of Florida, the river acts as the (drinking) water supply for Havana. The river flows through Havana city and separates the Miramar district from the rest of Havana, two tunnels and a bridge connect both areas. Near the suburb of Kohly the river crosses the Parque Almendares, the largest green space in Havana with an abundance of tropical plants, the park is becoming an ideal place for recreation in Havana.Rio Yurimi Matanzas city is wedged between two rivers Rio Yurimi and Rio San Juan. Twenty kilometres from Matanzas city near the border of the Matanzas and Havana province you find the tallest bridge in Cuba, 110 metres high over the Yurimi river. On the main road to Havana is a viewpoint calledMirador de Bacunayagua . The Rio Caminar enters the Bay of Matanzas four kilometres from the city center.
Havana (/həˈvænə/; Spanish: La Habana, [la aˈβana] ( listen)) is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centreofCuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi) − making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the third largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region. The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa and Atarés. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city of Cuba and capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island, some 540 miles (870 km) south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana.Camagüey (Spanish pronunciation: [kamaˈɣwej]) is a city and municipality in central Cuba and is the nation's third largest city with more than 321,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Camagüey Province.Holguín (Spanish pronunciation: [olˈɣin]) is a municipality and city, the capital of the Cuban Province of Holguín. It also includes a tourist area, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region.Santa Clara is the capital city of the Cuban province of Villa Clara. It is located in the most central region of the province and almost in the most central region of the country. With a population of circa 220,000 is the 5th Cuban city by population.Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. Naval base. The area produces sugarcane and cotton wool. These are traditional parts of the economy.Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba, and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region.Las Tunas (originally Victoria de Las Tunas) is a city and municipality in central-eastern Cuba. It is the capital of the Las Tunas Province.Cienfuegos (Spanish pronunciation: [sjenˈfweɣos]) is a city on the southern coast of Cuba, capital of Cienfuegos Province. It is located about 250 km (160 mi) from Havana, and has a population of 150,000. The city is dubbed La Perla del Sur (Pearl of the South). Cienfuegos literally translates to "One Hundred fires". Cien meaning one hundred, and fuego(s) meaning fires.Manzanillo is a municipality and city in the Granma Province of Cuba. Per population is the 14th Cuban city and the most populated one not being a provincial seat.
Population: all the inhabitants of a particular place.
GDP is the growth domestic product. It’s the value of everything made in a particular country. The amount of the output of a particular country.
Literacy rate: Amount of citizens of a particular country who can read and write.
This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.the major imports of Cuba are, food, petroleum, chemicals and machinery. Their major exports are nickel, sugar, shellfish, medical products, tobacco, fruits, and coffee. They export about $1.4 billion worth of goods a year, and import about $3.2 billion.Agricultural equipment is any kind of machinery used on a farm to help with farming. The best-known example of this kind is the tractor.
Agriculture in Cuba has played an important part in the economy for several hundred years. Agriculture contributes less than 10 percent to the gross domestic product (GDP), but it employs roughly 20 percent of the working population. About 30 percent of the country's land is used for crop cultivation.The inefficient agricultural industry in Cuba has led to the need to import large amounts of foods. Cuba now imports about 80% of the food it rations to the public. The rationing program accounts for about a third of the food energy the average Cuban consumes. Overall, however, Cuba is dependent on imports for only 16% of its food. These are the crops that Cuba harvests.Cassava: American plant (Manihotesculenta) widely grown for its large, tuberous, starchy rootsThis entry provides a rank ordering of cropsstarting with the largest by value of annual output.Citrus is a category of fruit. Oranges, lemons, limes, tangerines, etc are all citrus fruits.
Transportation in Cuba is composed of a system of railways, roads, airports, waterways, ports and harboursBackground image displays the railway network in cubaThe only waterway in Cuba, Cauto River.Ports and Harbors are used to shelter ships when there’s a stormy weather
Tourism in Cuba is an industry that generates over 3 million arrivals per year, and is one of the main sources of revenue for the island.With its favorable climate, beaches, colonial architecture and distinct cultural history, Cuba has long been an attractive destination for tourists. Having been Spain's last, oldest, and closest colony until 1901, in the first part of the 20th century Cuba continued to benefit from big investments, creation of industries, and immigration. Its proximity and close relation to the United States also helped Cuba's market economy prosper fairly quickly. As relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated rapidly after the Cuban Revolution and the resulting expropriation and nationalisation of businesses, the island became cut off from its traditional market by an embargo and a travel ban was imposed on U.S. citizens visiting Cuba. The tourist industry declined to record low levels within two years of Castro's accession to power. By the mid-1960s the Communist government had banned and eliminated all private property, outlawed the possession of foreign currency, and eliminated the tourist industry all together.
Demography: The study of the characteristics of human populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.Flag, seal and anthem, major symbols of Cuba throughout its history that we honor with respect and veneration. Tree, bird and flower, minor symbols linking us to the Fatherland with indelible ties of love and remembrance. We dedicate this Section to eternal Cuba, our beloved and never forgotten Fatherland.
El Himno de Bayamo (The Bayamo Anthem) is the national anthem of Cuba. It was first performed during the Battle of Bayamo in 1868. PeruchoFigueredo, who took part in the battle, wrote and composed the song. The melody, also called La Bayamesa, was composed by Figueredo in 1867.
Cuban men and women both like to wear a lot of jewelry. The women wear tight low cut jeans or short and tight low cut shirts as well. The men wear jeans or shorts, t shirts or tank tops and sandals, running shoes or loafers. They seem like flashy dressers to me.
The White Ginger (Hedychiumcoronarium) called “Mariposa” in Cuba, is a native flower of India but it has become so common in the island that it has been selected as the national flower.These flowers are white, with an exquisite perfume, although there are many varieties including yellow and salmon pink.It is extremely abundant during the rainy season, and it can grow up to six feet tall. It is characteristic of the Cuban scenery. It was commonly sold in the streets, frequently used in bridal bouquets, and for offerings to Saints and to the deceased.
Tocororo Bird (Trogon temnurus, or Priotelustemnurus), which is similar in appearance to the Guatemalan quetzal, was designated the national bird of Cuba because its bright plumes of red, white, and blue correspond to the colours of the Cuban flag; the tocororo is reputed to survive only in the wild.The names tocororo and tocoloro are onomatopoeic, similar to the voice of this bird. Its other name, guatiní was given by the Cuban Indians.
Early historyBefore Cuba was conquered by the Spaniards, three tribes lived on the island. They were the Taínos, the Ciboneys, and the Guanajatabeyes. The Taínos were the largest and most common of the three tribes. They farmed crops such as beans, corn, squash, and yams. The Taínos also slept in hammocks which the Spaniards would introduce to the rest of the world. Then, in 1492, Christopher Columbus arrived in Cuba on his first trip to the Americas. Three years later he claimed the islands for the Spanish. The Spanish began to rule Cuba afterwards. The Spanish brought thousands of slaves from Africa to Cuba to work for them. Most of the native Cubans died because of the new diseases brought by the Spanish and Africans. The Spanish also treated the native Cubans very cruelly and massacred many of them.The Spanish ruled for many years. Cuba became the most important producer of sugar. In the 19th century, Cubans rebelled against the Spanish rulers, but failed until 1898, when the United States went to war with the Spanish and defeated them. Cuba became American for four years afterwards, before it became an independent republic in 1902. Even though Cuba was independent, the Americans still controlled the island by a law called the Platt Amendment. In 1933 the Cubans stopped the Platt Amendment, but the Americans still had a big say in Cuban politics. Americans owned most of Cuba’s businesses. The Americans supported the leader Fulgencio Batista, who was seen by many Cubans as corrupt.Cuban RevolutionIn 1959, Fidel Castro led a revolution against Fulgencio Batista. Castro took power of Cuba with Che Guevara from Argentina, his brother Raul, and others who fought against Batista. Castro made many changes to Cuba and ended American ownership of Cuban businesses. This made Castro unpopular in America and the United States banned all contact with Cuba. Many Cubans also went to America because of this. In 1961 the Americans helped some of these Cubans to attack Cuba and remove Castro, but they failed. Castro then asked the Soviet Union to help defend them from the Americans, which they did. The Soviet Union put nuclear weapons in Cuba and aimed them at America. American President Kennedy demanded that they be removed or a new war would begin. This was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Union then removed the missiles.Cuba became a communist led country like the Soviet Union after this. The Soviet Union bought most of Cuba’s sugar for expensive prices. Cuba spent this money on health, education and the army. This made Cuba’s schools and hospitals some of the best in the world, and the army fought inAfrica to support black Africans against the white South African army. Cuba also supported groups in South America fighting against the dictators of those countries.However, the Cuban government began to control most of life in Cuba under the communist system. Disagreeing with the Cuban government and Fidel Castro in public was not allowed. Some Cubans did not like this and tried to leave Cuba. Most Cubans who left went to America. Some Cubans who did not like the government and stayed were put in jail. Many groups from around the world protested against Cuba because of this, and demanded that Fidel Castro give up power.In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed. This meant that Cuba, which had sold most of its products to the Soviet Union, had no money coming into the country. The Americans made the restrictions against contact with Cuba tighter. America said the restrictions on contact would continue unless Fidel Castro gave up power. Cuba became very poor in the 1990s. This became known in Cuba as “The Special Period”. Because of the disaster, Cuba changed to allow less control by the government, more discussion amongst the people, and private shops and businesses. Cuba also tried to get tourists to visit the island.In the 2000s, tourism to Cuba began to make money for the island again. Though Fidel Castro had remained in power, he had passed all duties to his brother Raul after an illness. Fidel Castro is 80 years old and was one of the longest serving heads of state. In 2008, Raúl Castro became the official president of Cuba.For military service, men from the age of 16 to 49 years old must go to the armyThe Platt Amendment was an amendment made in 1901 to a resolution of the United States Congress. It said that all treaties with Cuba had to be approved by the U.S. Senate and the U.S. had the right to interfere in Cuba's affairs if order broke down within Cuba. It also declared Guantánamo Bay to be U.S. territory.
Legislature: Organization with the power to pass(ignore), amend(edit) and repeal (reject) laws and decrease/increase the taxesSeats: Members who support a legislatureCommunist state: is a state where the means of production are collectively owned by the society.Republic:a country that is governed by elected representatives and by an elected leader (such as a president) rather than by a king or queen. (Leader has a limited period of time to govern)
Culture is a word for people's 'way of life', meaning the way they do things. Different groups of people may have different cultures. A culture is passed on to the next generation by learning, whereas genetics are passed on by heredity. Culture is seen in people's writing, religion, music, clothes, cooking, and in what they do.
Traditions are strongly influenced by the fact that the Cuban population is a mix of different etnic origins. The long time occupation the island by the Spanish colonizers, the massive import of African slaves, influences from the nearby United States made from the country a melting pot of races, cultures and traditions. Traditions:Cuban Holiday TraditionsCuba was longtime an Atheist country but in 1997 Christmas was restored as traditional holiday, during the visit of Pope John Paul II. The Christmas celebrations are for many Cubans a family feast, the emphasis is on the joy and gathering with the family. On Noche Buena, Christmas Eve, family and friends gather together and have a traditional Christmas feast with roasted pig, black beans and rice, (Moros y Cristianos) fried plantains, yuca and desserts like Arroz con leche (rice pudding), or rum cake.Traditional Cuban ClothingIn the local traditions a young girl is regarded as a woman at the age of fifteen. The "Quinze Fiesta" or the 15th Birthday Party is an important day in the life of a young Cuban girl, it's the parting from her childhood and her entry in the adult world. Citizens who can afford it, sometimes after years of saving, rent special 'traditional clothing' to dress the their daughter like a "mini bride" and have a party and a birthday cake Read more Traditional Cuban clothingFood TraditionsTraditional Cuban cuisine is a combination of Spanish, African and Creole cuisines. The typical meal consists of rice and beans (arroz y frijoles) sometimes cooked together and named "Moros y Cristianos". Another traditional food recipe is "RopaVieja" (old clothes). This is a kind of stew made with schredded beef simmered in a sauce of tomato and vegtables.Wedding TraditionsA wedding, in any country, is usually considered a major affair. Often, a great deal of money is spent on the ceremony and reception, and other events like showers, luncheons, and rehearsals. Of course, a wedding is a special occasion.In countries like Cuba, nothing is spared on the Wedding. Just like many other celebrations on the island, weddings are turned into a festivity. A marriage is an exciting event for the bride, the groom, the attendants, and all of the guests too.The ceremony itself, in Cuba, is actually quite understated, because of the laws and regulations of the country, which is still communist, wedding ceremonies are not a religious event. Instead, the Cuban marriage is considered civil. Since the celebration does not happen during the ceremony, the festivities happen both before and after.Generally, a parade or procession of guests, family, and members of the wedding party takes place on the way to the venue. Often, music, dancing, and plenty of excitement come along with this procession. In fact, it has been noted that, in Cuba, just attending a wedding costs quite a bit of money!Cuban Wedding DressesThe wedding attire for the ceremony is generally as equally extravagant as the festivities, for the bride that is.Local wedding dresses traditionally tend to be made from fine silk or satin, and often include full skirts and ruffles.Often, the more extravagant the dress is the better. However, in more recent times, the Cuban traditions, have been somewhat influenced by the United States. It is not uncommon for a wedding dress on the island to have a more beach style appearance, made from linen or cotton and in a more flowing or understated style. This style of wedding dress is usually favored by women from other countries who choose to wed on the beaches on the island. For men, the wedding attire is fairly basic. It is most common for a man in Cuba to choose a Guayabera shirt. These shirts, a tradition of many Latin American countries, include light linen fabrics, button down designs, and lines of tiny pleats that run vertically between the front pockets. In the Cuban traditions, the Guayabera is called the Mexican wedding shirt.The Celebration and PartyAs mentioned, everyone is involved in the event when a couple marries. Most of the time, the guests will take part in the event by celebrating along with the couple on their way to the church. In essence, the Cuban wedding party consists of more than just the couple, bridesmaids and groomsmen.The wedding party includes everyone who attends the event. After the wedding, the festivities generally kick into high gear. Often, the reception or party will last for hours as guests enjoy upbeat music, extravagant meals, and a great deal of dancing.Cuban wedding traditions and authenticity is held in high regard throughout the whole event, and it can be seen clearly at the reception. One tradition that is very important for the wedding is the money dance. During this event, while the music plays, the bride and groom dance together. Guests then pin money to the bride’s dress. This money is considered a gift for the couple as they start their married life. Another of the wedding traditions comes in the form of gifts. While it is expected for guests to bring gifts for the bride and groom, in the form of items or money, it is also tradition for the bride and groom to provide a gift to each guest. Many wedding couples present their guests with such gifts or favors as handmade items or ribbons with the name of the couple. At more extravagant weddings, the guests are presented with a traditionalcigar to celebrate the occasion.Wedding DecorationsBecause the island is home to many types of exotic flora, the wedding decorations generally include flowers that are vibrant and bold. If the wedding is to take place on the beach, which is a common choice, the ceremony will often include rustic yet bright décor.Tulle or ribbons may be tied around palm trees and the ceremony itself may take place under a traditional hut or out in the open on the beach sand. Depending on the style of the Cuba weddings, the decorations can vary, but bright and bold is almost always a continued theme.While it is well known that the island has been a place of contention throughout the years, it is also a place of celebration.Despite troubles, the Cuban people know how to take part in joyous festivities. This can be most reflected in the traditions.
Mofongo (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈfoŋgo]) is a fried plantain-based dish from Puerto Rico. It is typically made with fried green plantainsmashed together in a pilón (which is a wooden mortar and pestle), with broth, garlic, olive oil, and pork cracklings or bits of bacon. It is often filled with vegetables, chicken, crab, shrimp, or beef and is often served with fried meat and chicken broth soup. Mofongo relleno is mofongo stuffed with stewed beef, pork, chicken or seafood, with stewed sauce poured over.Mojo:In Cuban cooking mojo applies to any sauce that is made with garlic, olive oil and a citrus juice, traditionally sour orange juice. It is commonly used to flavor the cassava tuber and is also used to marinate roast pork.Boliche (pronounced [bo'litʃe]) is a Cuban dish consisting of eye[clarification needed] round roast stuffed with chorizo sausages browned inolive oil simmered in water with onions until the meat is soft, then quartered potatoes added. Water is added during cooking to keep it from drying. It is usually served with white rice and fried sweet plantains.
Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. It is made up of many islands.
Area: 42,803 sq mi (110,860 sq km)
Havana is the capital of Cuba and its largest city, followed by Santiago de
To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km away) and the
Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the
south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.
More than 4,000 islands
and cays (small, lowelevation, sandy
islands) are found in
the surrounding sea
and bays. Most islands
are flat with rolling
plains, rugged hills,
minimal natural inland
Santiago de Cuba
Victoria de Las Tunas
The blue strips
represent the old
divisions of Cuba
The color red
bloodshed during the
independence and the
liberty and equality
The white strips
• The star represents freedom
and is called La Estrella
Solitaria or The Lone Star
To battle, run, people of Bayamo! (city
The homeland looks at you, proud
Don't fear a glorious death
Dying for the homeland is living
In chains, living is living
Plunged in humiliation and shame,
From the trumpet, hear the sound;
To arms, brave ones, run!
Ginger) of India
Can grow up to
1.82 meters (six
Its name is
, similar to its
Three tribes lived in Cuba: Taínos (wealthiest), Ciboneys and
Christopher Columbus arrived in Cuba and claimed the islands for the
The Spanish ruled Cuba and treated Cubans with extreme cruelty.
America went to war with the Spanish and defeated them
Cuba became American for 4 years
Cuba became independent in 1902 (Even though America still controlled the
island by a law called the Platt Amendment)
Cubans stopped the Platt Amendment but Americans still had a big say in
Cuban politics and owned most of the businesses.
The Americans supported the leader Fulgencio Batista, who was seen by
many Cubans as corrupt.
Fidel Castro led a revolution against Fulgencio Batista
Castro gained power and ended Cuban’s relationship with America
America convince Cubins to attack Castro but the plan failed
Castro found out and asked the Soviet Union for help
The Soviet Union put nuclear weapons in Cuba and aimed them at America
America demanded that they be removed or a new war would begin (AKA
Cuban Missile Crisis)
The Soviet Union removed the missiles
Cuba is a Communist and Republic
country whose current leader is Chief
Executive Raul Modesto Castro. The
chief executive in Cuba typically has a
term length of 5 years. Cuba's
Legislature has 609 seats, and the last
legislative elections were in 2012.
Cuba's prevailing religion is Catholicism,
although in some instances it is profoundly
modified and influenced through syncretism. A
common syncretic religion is Santería, which
combined the Yoruba religion of the African
slaves with Catholicism and some Native
American strands; it shows similarities
to Brazilian Umbanda and has been receiving a
degree of official support. The Roman Catholic
Church estimates that 60 percent of the
population is Catholic, but only 5% of that 60%
attends mass regularly, while independent
sources estimate that as few 1.5% of the
population does so.
The music of Cuba, including the
instruments and the dances, is
influenced mostly by African, European
(especially Spanish) and to a lesser
extent Chinese music. Most forms of the
present day are fusions and mixtures of
these sources, mainly the first two. For
instance, the son montuno merges the
Spanish guitar, melody, harmony, and
lyrical traditions with Afro-Cuban
percussion and rhythms.