Hydel power

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Hydel power

  1. 1.  Energy in the form of electricity is now one of the basic necessities of life. Though deficiency in oil and gas, Pakistan has abundant water and other energy sources like Hydel power, coal and solar power. Hydel power provides about 34 percent of the renewable energy in Pakistan.
  2. 2.  Hydroelectric power plants do not use up resources to create electricity nor do they pollute the air Land water as other power plants may.
  3. 3.  No Fuel is required to run the plant No air-pollution is created Has a longer life No change in efficiency with the age Hydraulic turbines can be started speedily Cost of power per unit is very less
  4. 4. 527 36 Oil Hydel Gas Others 32
  5. 5. Sr. No. Power Station Installed Energy Commercial Capacity Generation Operation (MW) (GWh) Date1 Tarbela 3,478 15,801 1977-932 Ghazi Barotha 1,450 7,037 2003-043 Mangla 1,000 5,443 1967-944 Warsak 243 1,009 1960-815 Dargai 20 162 19526 Nandipur 14 32 19637 Chichoki 13.2 23 19598 Shadiwal 13.5 38 19619 Khan Khwar 72 306 201110 Other Small Hydel 6 38 1925,197511 Rasul 22 63 1952 Total 6,516 30,900
  6. 6. Sr # Power Station Hydropower Progress/ (MW) Completion1 Golen Gol – Khyber 106 Feb 2015 Pakhtunkhwa2 DUBER KHWAR 130 84.5% Kohistan, KPK Dec 20123 NEELUM JHELUM 969 34% Neelum, AJK Oct 20154 Mangla Dam Raising 644 Substantially Mirpur, AJK completed5 Satpara Dam 17.36 99.8% Skardu Feb 2013
  7. 7. How Hydel power plants work?
  8. 8.  Water, when it is falling by the force of gravity, can be used to turn turbines and generators that produce electricity. When the electricity is generated from the power plant it is transmitted by power lines or cables to the homes.
  9. 9.  Reservoir-this is where water is stored for use as needed. Water Turbine-used to convert hydraulic energy of flowing water into rotational mechanical energy. Penstock-is a conduit which carries water into the turbines. Generator-it is used to convert rotational mechanical energy into electrical energy
  10. 10. Some of the major and known Hydel power projects are as follows:
  11. 11.  It’s build on Indus at Bara near village Tarbela. It’s the world largest earth filled dam. The dam was completed in 1976 at a cost of Rs.18.5 billion. It’s 143 km high and a reservoir area of 243 square km. With a storage capacity of 119 billion cubic meters of water.
  12. 12.  It’s located on the River Jhelum. It’s one of the longest earth filled dam in the world. The main structures of the dam include 4 embankment, 2 spillways, 5 power irrigation tunnels and a 1,000 MW power station. It’s a multipurpose project to control flood water and generate HEP.
  13. 13. THE END

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