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‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬــﺭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻭﻀ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬١
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Queries٣
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬Form...
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬
QUERIES
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‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀـ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨـﻙ‬
‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ...
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•‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Delete Query‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺫﻑ‬
‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬.‫ﻴﻤ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ...
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‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬١:‫ﻭﺭﺍﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬
•‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩ...
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‫ﺤﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ل‬
•‫ﻤﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠ...
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‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺭﺍﻀﻲ‬
•‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬Finish‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼ...
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‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻨﻤ‬‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁ‬Datasheet‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘـﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬...
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‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
•‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Design View‫ﺜﻡ‬ok‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬:
‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ا...
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‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭ...
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‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬:
-‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺤﺏ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﺄﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬
-‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭ...
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‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﻀﻲ‬‫ﻨﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﻴﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺒﻤﻨﺸﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬
expression builder...
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‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺘﺭ‬Build‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬:
•‫ﻭﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬...
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‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬"‫ﻨﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺃﻴﻘﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎ...
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‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬
‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ...
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.
‫ﺒﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬:
‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺨل‬١‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ok
‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٧:‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬...
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‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٩:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬”c٣“‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻜﻭﺩﻩ‬bm١٠٢...
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•Group by‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬Count‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬‫...
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‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬
١-‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻴﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺭﺡ‬:
•‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Select Query.
•‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍ...
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬
Forms
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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•‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬( Create a Form )
‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻨﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬–New Form(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬:
-‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬)‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬:
-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎﺀ‬–Finish.(
-‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬:‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬-Design view(‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻤ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﻤ‬‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-Form View(‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬:
-‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬Form Sections
‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬:
...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻨﺸﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬-Page Header/Footer(‫ﻭ‬)
‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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-‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬-label(‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:
-‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬Views of a Form
‫ﻻﺤﻅﺕ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
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‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬"‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﻟﺫﺍ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٤-
١.‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬
٢.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬
٣.‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺫﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻐ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٥-
•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬in FormsCalculated Values
‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٦-
‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﻤﻨﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬-Unbound(‫ﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٧-
-‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬(Data‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬)Control
Source(‫ﺍﻟﺯ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٨-
-‫ﺍﻟﺨ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻠﻕ‬‫ﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﺒﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٣٩-
•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬Sub Forms
‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺩ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٤٠-
-‫ﻨﻤ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺝ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬".
-‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٤١-
-‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"‫ﺤﻘﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.
-‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٤٢-
‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms)
-٤٣-
‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬
١.‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬MsAccess‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴ...
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎ‬‫ﻟﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬
Reports
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٤٥-
‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻹﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻜﻤﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٤٦-
•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Report Properties
١.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻀﻡ‬‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٤٧-
‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬:
‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٤٨-
-‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Repot Wizard‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺩ‬ ،"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬
OK
...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٤٩-
-‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺭ‬:
-‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﻻ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٠-
-‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬)‫ﺘﺭ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴﺏ‬Ascending(‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥١-
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬:
-‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬–Reports(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬-New(‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:
-‫...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٢-
-‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬–Print Preview(
‫ﻟ‬‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٣-
-‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٤-
•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬Views of a Report
‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻨ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٥-
•‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Report Sections
‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٦-
‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻁﻊ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬.
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬:
-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٧-
-‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺍ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٨-
-‫ﺒﺈﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﻔﻅ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬/‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬."
-‫ﺒﺈ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٥٩-
-‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬Print Preview(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٦٠-
•‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬
‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻗﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٦١-
-‫ﺍﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻁﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩل‬"‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬."
-‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٦٢-
-‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬OK
-‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺘﺏ‬.
-‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬OK...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٦٣-
‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬:
-‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
-٦٤-
‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻤﻙ‬ ...
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports)
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‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬
١.‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬MsAccess‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ...
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منهج الكمبيوتر للصف الثالث الثانوي

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منهج الكمبيوتر للصف الثالث الثانوي

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منهج الكمبيوتر للصف الثالث الثانوي

  1. 1. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬــﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻭﻀ‬‫ــ‬‫ﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺩﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺔ‬١ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬:‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Queries٣ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬Forms٢١ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎ‬‫ﻟﺙ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Reports٤٤ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻥ‬٦٦
  2. 2. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ QUERIES
  3. 3. -٤- ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀـ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨـﻙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘـﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Microsoft Access. ١-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Select Query: ‫ﺍﺴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬.‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺩ‬)‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬(‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬Datasheet‫ﺘﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ )‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬(‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬.( ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬)‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬( ٢-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌﻁ‬(Parameter query ‫ﻴﻁﺎﻟـﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺒﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ )‫ﻭﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬(‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺘﺤل‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬.‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬Access‫ﻫﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬.)‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـﺎل‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬‫ﺒﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﻥ‬. ٣-‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Cross tab Query ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠـ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼـﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﺴـﻬل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺨـﺭ‬ ‫ﻨـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬—‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺃﺤـﺩﺍﻫﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴـﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬. ٤-‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺌﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬Procedural Query ‫ﻭﺍﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻱ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬:
  4. 4. -٥- •‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Delete Query‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬.‫ﻴﻤ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺯﺍﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬.‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺒﺄﻜﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬. •‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Update Query‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬.،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜـﺎل‬ ‫ﺴـﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬‫ﺯﻴـﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺘﺏ‬٥‫ﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬.،‫ﺘﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬. •‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ‬Append Query‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺤـﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴـﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬‫ﺩﻭل‬.‫ﺃﻨ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺭﺽ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘـﻡ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ‬‫ﻫـﺅﻻﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺒﺠـﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅـﻑ‬" ‫ﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬. •‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬Create Table Query‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺸﻲ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸـﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠـﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬.‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺩﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﺃﺭﺸﻴﻑ‬‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒﻜـل‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴ‬‫ﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺵ‬. ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺃﻨ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬.
  5. 5. -٦- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬١:‫ﻭﺭﺍﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬ •‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬Company‫ﺘﻌﻠﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ •‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬Queries‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎ‬‫ﺕ‬. •‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Query by Using WizardCreate‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬‫ﺯﺭ‬New‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬: ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Simple Query Wizard‫ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: ‫ﺎء‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺸ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫اﺧﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺑﺎﺳ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻼم‬‫اﺳ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻼم‬‫اﺳ‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪون‬
  6. 6. -٧- ‫ﺤﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ل‬ •‫ﻤﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ •‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Next‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬. ١-‫اﻟﺠﺪول‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ٢-‫اﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ٣-‫اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫اﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫اﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼم‬ ‫آﻞ‬ ‫وﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫زر‬.‫ﻣﻌﻠﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻗﺶ‬
  7. 7. -٨- ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺭﺍﻀﻲ‬ •‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬Finish‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: ‫اﺳﻢ‬ ‫اآﺘﺐ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼم‬
  8. 8. -٩- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻨﻤ‬‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁ‬Datasheet‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘـﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭل‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬: ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٢:‫ﺒﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬– ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺯﻴﻨﻪ‬e١ •‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Queries‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬New‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: ‫ﻧﻤﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴ‬ ‫أو‬‫ﻢ‬ ‫وﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺬآﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫ازرار‬
  9. 9. -١٠- ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: •‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Design View‫ﺜﻡ‬ok‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬: ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﻼم‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺸﺎء‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪون‬
  10. 10. -١١- ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ •‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬close‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬: ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﺻﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺻﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺮوط‬ ‫ﺻﻒ‬
  11. 11. -١٢- ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺤﺏ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﺄﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ -‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺯﺩﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬: ‫ﺒﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺸﺎﻫﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٣:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬”e٢“‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﻓﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬)١٠%‫ﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴ‬‫ﻲ‬(‫ﺍﻻﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻪ‬. •‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺢ‬e٢‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻁ‬.
  12. 12. -١٣- ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﻀﻲ‬‫ﻨﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﻴﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺒﻤﻨﺸﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ expression builder‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﻼﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﺘﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺤﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺙ‬: •‫ﻟﻠﻤﺎﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬: ‫ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫آﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ‫رﻳﺎﺿﻲ‬: ]‫اﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫راﺗﺐ‬*[٠٫١ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫اﻷﻳﻤ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺰر‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫اﻧﻘ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺎوس‬
  13. 13. -١٤- ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺘﺭ‬Build‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬: •‫ﻭﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺇﻤﺎ‬‫ﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬paste‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺯﺩﻭﺝ‬ •‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻼﻤﺔ‬*‫ﺍﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬٠,١٠ •‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬ok •‫ﺒﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻴﻘﻭﻨﺔ‬‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬: ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫آﺎﺋﻨﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮل‬ ‫اﻹﺳﺘﻌﻼم‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﻮر‬Expr١
  14. 14. -١٥- ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬"‫ﻨﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺃﻴﻘﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬Properties‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ •‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺘﻼﺤﻅ؟‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ؟‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻌﻼﻡ‬ •‫ﺒﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺇﻏﻼﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬: ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬”p١“‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺭ‬)٥%‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬)‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬x‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺭ‬. ‫ﺘﻅ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻬﺭ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻡ‬: ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬: ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٤:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬”c١“‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬.‫ﻟﻠﻘﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩﻩ‬٢. ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻ‬‫ﻮان‬ ‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬
  15. 15. -١٦- ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﺫﻭ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٥:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬”c١“‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺇﺩﺨﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬.‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻪ‬”C٢“. ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬[]‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:
  16. 16. -١٧- . ‫ﺒﺘﺸﻐﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺨل‬١‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ok ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٧:‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ٢٥٠‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﻴﻪ‬c٣. ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬>=٢٥٠‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴ‬‫ﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٨:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬”c٣“‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬bm١٠٢‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬١٠‫ﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬.‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻪ‬ C٤. ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬bm١٠٢‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ <=١٥‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻨﻰ‬)and( ‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺴﻢ‬ ‫آﻮد‬ ‫اﺧﻔﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻈﻬﻮر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬
  17. 17. -١٨- ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٩:‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬”c٣“‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻜﻭﺩﻩ‬bm١٠٢‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬١٠‫ﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬.‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻪ‬C٤. ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬or‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬bm١٠٢‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬<=١٥‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬٩:‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬s١‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ •‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ •‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻌل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌ‬‫ﻼﻡ‬‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻌﻲ‬‫ﺍﻴﻘﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ •‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬: ‫اﺧﺘﺮ‬Totals‫أي‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ‬
  18. 18. -١٩- •Group by‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬Count‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬. ‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﺭﻴﻥ‬:‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬S٢‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬.
  19. 19. -٢٠- ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ١-‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻴﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺭﺡ‬: •‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Select Query. •‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬Update Query. •‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ‬Append Query. ٢-‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬. ٣-‫ﻋﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻊ‬)√(‫ﻭﻋﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬)x(‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻁﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬: ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬( ) ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬( ) ‫ت‬-‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬)(
  20. 20. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ Forms
  21. 21. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٢- ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬‫ﻭﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺨﺎل‬‫ﺍﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻔﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬. •‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬Forms Types ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬: ١.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬. ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬. ٣.‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬. •‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬Forms Properties ١.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻭل،ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬(،‫ﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹸﺨﺯﻥ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﻡ‬ ،. ٢.‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻁﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬. ٣.‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﺯﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬. ٤.‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬)‫ﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬– Control Tools(‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻨﺼ‬‫ﻭﺹ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﻡ‬ ، ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫،ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺯﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬‫ﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬. ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺢ‬‫ﺍﺨﺭﻱ‬ )‫ﻧﻤﺎذج‬–‫ﺗﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬...‫اﻟﺦ‬( ‫ﺇﺩﺨ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎل‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬)‫ﻟﻠ‬‫ﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬(
  22. 22. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٣- •‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬( Create a Form ) ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻨﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬: ١.‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬:( Form Wizard‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺄﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺠ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺊ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬: ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬-Forms(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬-New(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: - - - ‫ﳐﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬‫ﳐﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﳐﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺼﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
  23. 23. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٤- -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬–New Form(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬: -‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬)‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬–Form Wizard(‫ﻭﺤﺩ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬. -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﻤﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬-OK(. -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺫﺝ‬–Form Wizard(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬">>"‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬">"‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻹﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ،)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬. ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎرة‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘ‬‫ﺎﺣﺔ‬
  24. 24. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٥- -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬. -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬:
  25. 25. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٦- -‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎﺀ‬–Finish.( -‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺭ‬: ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬. ٢.‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬-Design view( ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬"‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬"‫ﺒﺎﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺤﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻀﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻠﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬‫ﻙ‬.
  26. 26. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٧- ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬:‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬-Design view(‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬-Forms(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬-New(‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬–New Form(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬–Design View(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ok‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬: ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬–Field List(‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬. -‫ﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬Shift‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬. -‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬–Detail Section(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
  27. 27. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٨- -‫ﻤ‬‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-Form View(‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬: -‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬–Form View(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
  28. 28. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٢٩- •‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬Form Sections ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Form Header ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Form Footer ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺘﻤﺔ‬ ،...‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Page Header ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Page Footer ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬‫ﺔ،ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬...‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬:‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤل‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-view(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬–Design View. (
  29. 29. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٠- -‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻨﺸﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬-Page Header/Footer(‫ﻭ‬) ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬-Form Header/Footer(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬:
  30. 30. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣١- -‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬-label(‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬-Label(‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬Form Header(‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻱ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬-Form Footer(. -‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﺏ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬. " -‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻘﺎﺕ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬:
  31. 31. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٢- •‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬Views of a Form ‫ﻻﺤﻅﺕ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺒﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻵ‬‫ﺘﻲ‬: )١(‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬-Form Design(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬. )٢(‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬. ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬-Datasheet -‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬.
  32. 32. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٣- ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬"‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬"‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬"‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻁﻼﻉ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬. •‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬Record Navigation ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺽ‬)‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬(Form‫ﻭ‬)‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬Datasheet(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬–‫ﺇ‬‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬–‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬–‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻫﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻠﻑ‬. ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬. )‫اﻟﻨﻤﻮذح‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ Form view( )‫اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ Design view( )‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ورﻗﺔ‬ Datasheet(
  33. 33. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٤- ١.‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ٣.‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺫﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬. ٤.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ٥.‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ٦.‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬( •‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬Add, Delete Records ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬"‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬" ١.‫ﻟﻤﻠﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﺭﻏ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺴﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬. ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬. •‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺯ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺼﻔﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬Sort,Filter,Find Data ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: ١.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺯ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﺯﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬. ٢.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬. ٣.‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺒﺩﺍﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬: ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻤﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬: -‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬. -‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬. -‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺯ‬‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬.
  34. 34. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٥- •‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬in FormsCalculated Values ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻓﻤﺜ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻘﻭل‬‫ﺩﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻱ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻨﻪ‬. ‫ﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﺍﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬. ‫ﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬‫ﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺩﺍﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬-Textbox(‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬- Toolbox(‫ﻭﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺒﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬٢٥%‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ -‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺢ‬"‫ﻤﻭ‬‫ﻅﻑ‬"‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-Design View" -‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬-Textbox(‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬- Details(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻜل‬:
  35. 35. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٦- ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬)‫ﻤﻨﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬-Unbound(‫ﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ -‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬:
  36. 36. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٧- -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬(Data‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬)Control Source(‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬"..."‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻹﻅﻬﺎﺭ‬. -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﺌﻲ‬–Expression Builder(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺘﺏ‬ ، ]‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬* [٠,٢٥‫ﺍﻷﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬"OK"‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬:
  37. 37. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٨- -‫ﺍﻟﺨ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻠﻕ‬‫ﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﺒﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﻱ‬." -‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬–Form View(‫ﻟﻴﻅ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: ‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬:‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬‫ﻤﺨﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﻗﻴ‬‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺯ‬‫ﻤﺤﺴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬.
  38. 38. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٣٩- •‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬Sub Forms ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺨﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬،‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﻰ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬.‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬/‫ﺃﺼل‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬/‫ﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬. ‫ﺘﺭﻏﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻅﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬. ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬"‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬"‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻲ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻲ‬.‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺩﺍﺨﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬.‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻲ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺤﺎﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬/‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬"‫ﺍﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬"‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬" ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﺽ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬". ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬:
  39. 39. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٤٠- -‫ﻨﻤ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺝ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬". -‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬: -‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬: -‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺭ‬:
  40. 40. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٤١- -‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"‫ﺤﻘﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬">>"‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻲ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬: -‫ﺍﻀ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻁ‬)‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎﺀ‬-Finish(‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻬﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬. -‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺽ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬–Form View(‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬:
  41. 41. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٤٢- ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﺎﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﻟﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.
  42. 42. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻷول‬‫اﻟﻨﻤﺎذج‬(Forms) -٤٣- ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ١.‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬MsAccess‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ؟‬ ٢.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ؟‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﻭ‬ ٣.‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ٤.‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺫﻜﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫؟‬ ٥.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺩﻴل‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ٦.‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬‫ﺠﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل؟‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ٧.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ٨.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻘﻴﻡ‬‫؟‬ ٩.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)١( ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬_‫ﻁﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬)‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬–‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬.( ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)٢( ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺩل‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬_‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬. ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)٣( ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺕ‬.
  43. 43. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎ‬‫ﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ Reports
  44. 44. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٤٥- ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻹﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻜﻤﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬‫ﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻡ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬Label Wizard‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻋﻨﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬Report Wizard ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻗﻴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬or Tabular WizardColumnar ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬،‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻴﻀ‬. •‫ﺃﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬: ١.‫ﻋﻨﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ٢.‫ﺘﻘﺎ‬‫ﻗﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺭ‬ ٣.‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬–‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ )‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﻋﻤﻮدي‬ Columnar report( )‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺎت‬ Label report( )‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬‫ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ Standard Report(
  45. 45. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٤٦- •‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Report Properties ١.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻀﻡ‬‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬. ٢.‫ﺍﺤﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬. ٣.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬. ٤.‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹸﺨﺯﻥ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬،،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺜل‬. ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬: ١.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬. ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬. ٣.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬. ٤.‫ﺘﺄﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺯﻨﺔ‬.
  46. 46. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٤٧- ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬: ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬)‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬‫ﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬Control Tools(‫ﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬،‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺘﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺴﻭﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﺨﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺫﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬. •‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬Create Report ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻨﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬: ١.‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺄﻟﻙ‬‫ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺊ‬ ‫ﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬-Reports(‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬-New(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬–New Report(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬:
  47. 47. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٤٨- -‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Repot Wizard‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺩ‬ ،"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ OK -‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬">>"‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬">"‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻹﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎ‬‫ﻟﻲ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬
  48. 48. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٤٩- -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺭ‬: -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬-Next(‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻅﻬ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺭ‬:
  49. 49. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٠- -‫ﺘﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬)‫ﺘﺭ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴﺏ‬Ascending(‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎﺀ‬: ٢.‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬" ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬"‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬"‫ﻟﺠﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬.
  50. 50. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥١- ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬–Reports(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬-New(‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬–New Report(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬–Design View(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬Ok‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬: ‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻬﻭﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬–Field List(‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬. -‫ﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬Shift‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬. -‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬–Detail Section(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
  51. 51. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٢- -‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬–Print Preview( ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬–Print Preview(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:
  52. 52. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٣- -‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬Print Preview(‫ﻜﺎﻵﺘﻲ‬:
  53. 53. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٤- •‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬Views of a Report ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺘﺎﻥ‬‫ﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺒﺩﻴل‬‫ﻫﺎﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻷﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬: )١(‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Report Design(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺇﺤﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬. )٢(‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺇﺤﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬. -‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬. )‫ﻣ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬ Print preview()‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ‬ Design view(
  54. 54. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٥- •‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬Report Sections ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬. ‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻓﻤﺜ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬. ‫ﻨﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ‬‫ﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬: ١.‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Page Header and Footer. ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Report Header and Footer. ٣.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬Custom Section. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬-View(‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻨﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬.
  55. 55. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٦- ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻁﻊ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺎﻟﻲ‬: -‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬)‫ﺤﻘل‬/‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬-Field/Expression(‫ﻟ‬‫ﻔﺭﺯ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬ ،‫ﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ )‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻱ‬/‫ﺘﻨﺎﺯﻟﻲ‬–Ascending/Descending(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬: ‫اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫رأس‬report Header ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫رأس‬Page Header ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺬﻳﻴﻞ‬Page Footer ‫اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺬﻳﻴﻞ‬Report Footer ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ‬Details
  56. 56. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٧- -‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺱ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬: ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"،"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬_‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻊ‬
  57. 57. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٨- -‫ﺒﺈﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﻔﻅ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬/‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬." -‫ﺒﺈ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬/‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: -‫ﻟﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬Details‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬. -‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻹﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬. -‫ﻟﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)header_‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻡ‬(‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
  58. 58. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٥٩- -‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬Print Preview(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬: ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬: ١.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺼﺎﻋﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬. ٢.‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬.
  59. 59. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦٠- •‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻗﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻌﺒﺭ‬،‫ﻨﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ )‫ﻤﻨﻀﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬Unbound(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻘﻭل‬)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬/‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻌﻼﻡ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬. -‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬Textbox(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺤﺎﻭل‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ل‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭﻱ‬:
  60. 60. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦١- -‫ﺍﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻁﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩل‬"‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬." -‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬: -‫ﺘﺒﻭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬Data‫ﺨﺎﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻤﺎﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬–Control Source( ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬"..."‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﺌﻲ‬Expression Builder(. -‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﺌﻲ‬Expression Builder(‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:
  61. 61. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦٢- -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬OK -‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺘﺏ‬. -‫ﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬OK -‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺽ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬Print Preview(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬: •‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬Insert Common Expressions ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩ‬. ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻞ‬
  62. 62. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦٣- ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: -‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺽ‬)‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬Design View(. -‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬Page Header and Footer(‫ﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻴﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬Report Header and Footer(. )١(‫ﻗﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺔ‬)‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬-Insert(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬ Date and Time‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: )٢(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Ok )٣(‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ، ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺜل‬)‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬-Insert( ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Page Numbers‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: )٤(‫ﻭﺍﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ‬Ok -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬:
  63. 63. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦٤- ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻤﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬.
  64. 64. ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺎرﻳﺮ‬(Reports) -٦٥- ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ١.‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬MsAccess‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫؟‬ ٢.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺯﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ٣.‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫؟‬ ٤.‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺫﻜﺭ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎﻁﻊ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ٥.‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺩﻴل‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫؟‬ ٦.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ٧.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ٨.‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)١( ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻲ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬_‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ Design View(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬Print Preview.( ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)٢( ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺩل‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬"‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬"‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬. ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‬)٣( ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﻤﺔ‬ Unbound(.

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