Stanley Kubricka ﬁlm director, ﬁlm producer, screen writer, cinematographer and a ﬁlm editor
“One of the things that gave me the most conﬁdence in trying to make a ﬁlm wasseeing all the lousy ﬁlms that I saw. BecauseI sat there and thought, Well, I dont know a goddamn thing about movies, but I know I can make a ﬁlm better than that”
THE LIFE OF STANLEY KUBRICKKubrick was born on July 26, in the year of 1928 in Manhattan, New York. Kubrick diedat the age of 70 on March 7, 1999.Kubricks father taught him chess at age twelve, and the game remained a lifelong obsession.He also bought his son a Graﬂex camera when he was thirteen, triggering a fascination withstill photography. As a teenager, Kubrick was interested in jazz, and brieﬂy attempted acareer as a drummer.Kubrick attended William Howard Taft High School from 1941–45. He was a poor student,with a meager 67 grade average. He graduated from high school in 1945, but his poor grades,combined with the demand for college admissions from soldiers returning from the SecondWorld War, eliminated any hopes of higher education. Later in life, Kubrick spokedisdainfully of his education and of education in general, maintaining that nothing aboutschool interested him.His parents sent him to live with relatives for a year in Los Angeles inthe hopes that it would help his academic growth.While still in high school, he was chosen as an ofﬁcial school photographer for a year. In1946, since he wasnt able to gain admission to day session classes at colleges, he brieﬂyattended evening classes at the City College of New York and then left. Eventually, he soughtjobs as a freelance photographer, and by graduation, he had sold a photographic series toLook magazine. Kubrick supplemented his income by playing chess "for quarters" inWashington Square Park and various Manhattan chess clubs. He became an apprenticephotographer for Look in 1946, and later a full-time staff photographer. (Many early [1945–50] photographs by Kubrick have been published in the book Drama and Shadows [2005,Phaidon Press] and also appear as a special feature on the 2007 Special Edition DVD of 2001:A Space Odyssey.)
KUBRICK...Stanley Kubricks ﬁlms have several trademark characteristics.Kubrick was noted for the scrupulous care with which he chose hissubjects, his slow method of working, the variety of genres he worked in,his technical perfectionism, and his reclusiveness about his ﬁlms andpersonal life.Kubrick is widely acknowledged as one of the most accomplished,innovative, and inﬂuential ﬁlmmakers in the history of cinema. His ﬁlmsare characterised by a formal visual style and meticulous attention todetail.Many of his ﬁlms had voice-over narration, sometimes taken verbatimfrom the novel. With or without narration, all of his ﬁlms containextensive characters-point-of-view footage.
Stanley Kubrick Filmmaking Techniques Stanley Kubrick’s Filmmaking Technique “Social Surrealism” is the conscious manifestation of a subconscious form of forces taking place beneath the mind’s eye. Kubrick is more concerned with psychic forces; philosophical and surreal beyond the shadow of a doubt, than he is with the emotional life of his characters or the discontent of his audience. Kubrick’s ﬁlms are not ﬁctions but psychic depictions of real life. Their setting is the mind itself and how one will relate to it. Kubrick’s work deals with history’s dreams. His ﬁlms are political, dealing with creation and the destruction of our moral codes. Most signiﬁcantly, the core is mystical. Kubrick was one of the few ﬁlmmakers, which believes the motion picture camera can extract a space and time and create a reality that attaches to the historical moments of life captured on ﬁlm. “SOCIAL SURREALISM” “PHYSICAL AND THEMATIC SYMMETRY” “PAINTED FACE OF THE EYE” “SYMPHONIC LONG TRACKING SHOTS”“GRAPHIC MATCHED MEANINGS” “STILL PAINTINGS IN ESTABLISHING SHOTS” “PARALLEL MISE-EN-SCENE” “OBJECTIVITY OF SUBJECTIVITY” “TEXTUAL RECURRENCES”
FILMOGRAPHY1953 - Fear and Desire1955 - Killers Kiss1956 - The Killing1957 - Paths of Glory1960 - Spartacus1962 - Lolita1964 - Dr. Strangelove1968 - 2001: A Space Odyssey1971 - A Clockwork Orange1975- Barry Lyndon1980 - The Shining1987 - Full Metal Jacket1999 - Eyes Wide Shut
2001: A Space A Clockwork Orange The Shining (1980) Full Metal JacketOdyssey (1968) (1971) (1987) A family heads to an isolated A pragmatic U.S. MarineMankind ﬁnds a mysterious, In future Britain, charismatic hotel for the winter where an observes the dehumanizingobviously artiﬁcial, artefact delinquent Alex DeLarge is jailed evil and spiritual presence effects the Vietnam War has onburied on the moon and, with and volunteers for an inﬂuences the father into his fellow Marine recruits fromthe intelligent computer HAL, experimental aversion therapy violence, while his psychic son their brutal basic training to thesets off on a quest. developed by the government in sees horriﬁc forebodings from bloody street ﬁghting set in 1968 an effort to solve societys crime the past and of the future. Hue, Vietnam. problem... but not all goes to plan. FILMOGRAPHY...
1980’s THE SHININGThe pace of Kubricks work slowed considerably after Barry Lyndon, and he did not make anotherﬁlm for ﬁve years. The Shining, released in 1980, was adapted from the novel of the same name bybestselling horror writer Stephen King. The ﬁlm starred Jack Nicholson as Jack Torrance, a failedwriter who takes a job as an off-season caretaker of the Overlook Hotel, a high-class resort deep inthe Colorado mountains. The job requires spending the winter in the isolated hotel with his wife,Wendy (played by Shelley Duvall) and their young son, Danny, who is gifted with a form oftelepathy—the "shining" of the ﬁlms title.As winter takes hold, the familys isolation deepens, and the demons and ghosts of the OverlookHotels dark past begin to awake, displaying horrible, phantasmagoric images to Danny, anddriving his father Jack into a homicidal psychosis.The ﬁlm was shot entirely on London soundstages, with the exception of second-unit exteriorfootage, which was ﬁlmed in Colorado, Montana, and Oregon. In order to convey the claustrophobicoppression of the haunted hotel, Kubrick made extensive use of the newly invented Steadicam, aweight-balanced camera support, which allowed for smooth camera movement in enclosed spaces.More than any of his other ﬁlms, The Shining gave rise to the legend of Kubrick as a megalomaniacperfectionist. Reportedly, he demanded hundreds of takes of certain scenes (approximately 1.3million feet of ﬁlm was shot) Kubricks ﬁlm was the second to make notably innovative use of the Steadicam, which can track motion smoothly without a dolly track
Kubrick’s Academy Awards Year Award Film Result1964Best PictureDr. Strangelove NominatedBest Director NominatedBest Writing (Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium) Nominated1968Best Director2001: A Space Odyssey NominatedBest Story and Screenplay (Written Directly for the Screen) NominatedBest Special Visual Effects Won1971Best PictureA Clockwork Orange NominatedBest Director NominatedBest Writing (Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium) Nominated1975Best PictureBarry Lyndon NominatedBest Director NominatedBest Writing (Screenplay Adapted from Other Material) Nominated1987Best Writing (Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium)Full Metal Jacket Nominated
INFLUENCESHe was inﬂuenced by:Max OphulsFritz LangG.W. PabstVsevolod PudovkinJean RenoirVittorio De Sica.
And he has inﬂuenced so manymore:Martin Scorsese David LynchSteven Spielberg Lars Von TrierJames Cameron Richard LinklaterWoody Allen Sam MendesTerry Gilliam Joel SchumacherRidley Scott Taylor AckfordChristopher Nolan Michael MannDavid Fincher George A. RomeroGuillermo del Toro Quentin Tarantino