A2 G&P congressional elections


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

A2 G&P congressional elections

  1. 1. A2 G&P US Government and Politics Congressional Elections
  2. 2. UNIT 3A : OUTLINE: KEY CONCEPTS KEY CONCEPTS  Open, closed and invisible primaries  The caucus system  The balanced ticket  Candidate and issue centred campaigns  Momentum  Soft and hard money  Negative campaigning  Insider and outsider candidates  Fixed terms  Swing states
  3. 3. OUTLINE: KEY IDEAS Answering questions on this topic requires knowledge of:  The main characteristics of presidential and congressional elections and campaigns.  The main influences on their outcomes.  Candidate selection and nomination through the primary and caucus system and the role of the national nominating conventions  Debates concerning the workings and outcomes of the Electoral College and its impact on campaigns
  4. 4. OUTLINE: KEY IDEAS Answering questions on this topic requires knowledge of:  The significance of money as a factor in electoral success.  The impact of the media on campaigns and candidates  Direct democracy at State level through the use of referendums  Initiatives, propositions and recall elections, and debates concerning their use  Comparisons with the UK electoral process to illustrate arguments
  5. 5. Congressional Elections  Held every two years  1/3 of the Senate (who sit for six years) elected  All of House of Representatives  Held midway through a presidents term in office hence the name – mid-term elections
  6. 6. Breakdown of Congress Senate Representatives Composition 100 Senators 435 Congressmen Representation 2 per state Dependent on population in state Term 6 years 2 years Minimum age 30 25 Powers Legislation Legislation Ratification of Federal judges Financial legislation begins Ratification of ambassadors Begins impeachment process Ratification of Executive appointees Ratification of Treaties Tries impeachment cases
  7. 7. Congressional Elections  Mid term elections can be used as an indicator of what the electorate think about a presidents performance  They can also be critically important to incumbent president, particularly if result imparts gridlock government  It is quite common for a presidents party to lose out in mid term elections
  8. 8. Mid-Term Elections  They can put president in a very difficult position  Should he support his party’s Congressmen who might suffer on local issues?  If he does not, morale of party as a whole may be negatively effected  If he does, then he might be associated with ‘supporting a loser’
  9. 9. Mid-Term Elections  If he supports his candidates and they lose in a negative and unpleasant campaign, he then has to work with opposition who might now make it very difficult for him  Some of his critics may also be from within his own party. Should he support these people or not? If they don’t win, it will weaken him in Congress and with public perception
  10. 10. Mid-Term Elections  Mid-terms present a president with a difficult balancing act.  He can use the opportunity to rid his party of those who have not supported him but he could also see those that he has supported lose and the consequences could be dire.