up to 60% of citizens of Russia, including up to 80% of ethnic Russians, have identified themselves as Orthodox Of these approximately 2-4% of the general population are integrated into church life while others attend on a less regular basis or not at all Why do they identify themselves as Orthodox? why?
official p ublic holidays New Year’s (January 1–2) Orthodox Christmas (January 7) Women’s Day (March 8) Orthodox Easter Monday May Day (May 1–2) Victory Day (May 9) Russia Independence Day (June 12) National Unity Day (November 4) Constitution Day (December 12)
Russian Orthodox Church used the old Julian calendar that now falls 13 days behind Instead of December 25 Russian Christmas is marked on January 7. The same goes for the other religious holidays – when Europe’s finished celebrating, Russia only begins to gear up for the festivities.
Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus Кирилл, Патриарх Московский и Всея Руси
Russia’s second most popular religion is Islam. It’s thought the country is home to around 14 to 20 million Muslims, making up 10 to 16 per cent of Russia’s population. Almost all Russian Muslims are Sunnis but there are small pockets of Shiites in the Caucasus. Russia’s Muslims mainly live in the Volga Region and the North Caucasus, although Moscow and St. Petersburg also have thriving local communities
The largest Islamic centres are Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. The republic of Tatarstan on the Volga River has as many as 1150 mosques. Its capital Kazan, an ancient Tatar stronghold, boasts the largest mosque in Russia and, reputedly, in Europe – the Qolsharif Mosque.
Russia has an estimated 3 million to 4 million Muslim migrants from the ex-Soviet states. Most Muslims live in the Volga-Ural region, as well as in the North Caucasus, Moscow, St. Petersburg and western Siberia.
Muslim communities are concentrated among minority nationalities residing between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea: Adyghe, Balkars, Chechens, Circassians, Ingush, Kabardin, Karachay, and numerous Dagestani peoples. Also, in the middle of the Volga Basin reside populations of Tatars and Bashkirs, the majority of whom are Muslims.
Today the peoples of the Northern and Southern Caucasus tend to be either Orthodox Christians or Sunni Muslims.
Most Russian Jews are secular and identify themselves as Jews via ethnicity rather than religion why?
Russian Jews are Henri Reznik Roman Abramovich Mikhail Fridman Viktor Vekselberg Mikhail Khodorkovsky Boris Berezovsky Leonid Nevzlin Vladimir Gusinsky
The central Jewish organization is the Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS under the leadership of Chief Rabbi Berel Lazar.
in the Russian language where there are two terms for "Jew" еврей ("Yevrey" - Hebrew) typically denotes a Jewish ethnicity, иудей ("Iudey" - Judean) is reserved for denoting a follower of the Jewish religion, although the latter term has mostly fallen out of use