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Prospects of sustainable feedstock production for advanced biofuels. Hans van Klink, DSD BV


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Presentation gives an overview of sugar beet as a biobased crop that is ideal for farmers to grow. Sugar beet is a strategic food, feed and energy crop, essential in crop rotation program, giving better results, compared to other crops, by improvement of soil fertility and soil structure and has low water footprint. Production of EtOH from sugar beet need less water and is more efficient compared to such feedstock as corn stover, poplar, miscanthus and corn.

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Prospects of sustainable feedstock production for advanced biofuels. Hans van Klink, DSD BV

  1. 1. “Prospects of sustainable feedstock production for advanced biofuels” Kiev - Ukraine, Hans van Klink, 21 September 2017
  2. 2. 1. Background DSD; 2. Why sugar beet; 3. Direct Processing concept; 4. Business case; 5. Conclusion; 6. Contact. 2
  3. 3. Background: history in sugar industry; Active with projects in the field of: > sustainable agriculture; > food processing; > BBE = Bio-Based Economy; > technology development, like Betaprocess; Large network free lance specialists / expertise and assembly partners, like VAM BV / WUR – ACRRES, UCR, UWM and others. 3
  4. 4. Farmer to industry: tell me which crop to grow? Chemical Industry to farmer: tell me which molecule/functionality you are able to supply?  DSD is the linking pin and concept developer between both industries and getting familiar with the issues in that chain. 4
  5. 5. The ideal Biobased crop for: 1. Bulk chemicals  commodity chemicals, low added value; 2. Fine chemicals  small quantities, relatively high prices and “what it is” specification: • building blocks; • advanced intermediates; • active ingredients; 3. Specialty chemicals  specialties, effect chemicals, high value added to functional value, agrichemicals, essential oils, food supplements, ingredients for cosmetics and pharmacy.  Act as intermediates, significant ingredient in food, feed, pharma and cosmetics! 6
  6. 6. Strategic crop: Strategic food, feed and energy crop; Outstanding producer of OXYGEN, transforming CO2 into O2: CO2 + H2O  C6H12O6 + O2; 1 HA sugar beet  40 ton CO2; Essential in crop rotation program, better other crop results by improvement of soil fertility and soil structure. 7
  7. 7. Water Footprint (WF) needed per kg (information seed industry): Rice 3.400 litre Soybean 2.000 litre Sugar cane 1.500 litre Wheat 1.400 litre Potatoes 250 litre Sugar beet 150 litre Depends on climate/weather conditions, irrigation. 8
  8. 8. Use of water, average global WF, in ethanol production: Cane-ethanol 2.855 litre/litre; Corn 1.910 litre/litre; Sugar beet-ethanol 1.355 litre/litre.  with 1 ton sugar beets and 100 litre EtOH: sugar beets most attractive!!!! 9
  9. 9. EtOH yield per HA: Corn stover 1.600 – 2.400 litre; Poplar 2.600 litre; Miscanthus 3.800 litre; Corn 4.000 litre; Sugar beet 6.000 litre.
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  11. 11. Advantage in using Betaprocess Technology for Green Chemicals: Processing of crops such as sugar beet, but also rest- and by-products such as fruit products, potato peels, French fries waste, etc.; Higher yield EtOH; Fermentation easier, shorter fermentation time and without enzymes; 10 – 20% lower investment costs; Cost price attractive and LCA very positive. Tested (proved by): Ecole d’ingenieurs de Changings (Mr. Serge Hautier - Switzerland); Wageningen University & Research – FBR and Acrres (the Netherlands); University College Roosevelt (the Netherlands); Demonstration plant by ACRRES (part of WUR), Lelystad (the Netherlands); University of Warmia and Mazury , Olsztyn (Poland). 12
  12. 12. 14
  13. 13. From sugar beet to ethanol After Betaprocess After Fermentation After Distillation
  14. 14. Feedstocks: Sugar beet (200 days), other organic materials (100 days); Supplier: 750 farmers (22.500 HA, distance 10 – 20km); Capacity: 2.000 ton/day biomass; Location: the Netherlands; Suppliers/Logistics: Sugar beet farmers; Customers: Food grade and local technical ethanol users (f.e. ethylene oxide); Key partners (concept – R&D – BD – M&S): DSD, Wageningen University / ACRRES, TechnipFMC. 17
  15. 15. Feedstock price: € 25 / ton; Transport costs: € 4,5 / ton; Food grade Ethanol price: € 0,80/litre; Technical Ethanol price: € 0,50/litre; Products: Food grade bioethanol + technical ethanol (53.000 m3/year); By-products: CO2 (39.000 ton/year), Animal feed (71.000 wet ton/year, 12% dry matter); CO2 price: € 50 / ton; Animal feed price: € 100 /dry ton. 17
  16. 16. 19  CAPEX: € 65 million (food grade and technical);  OPEX: € 22,5 million /year (incl. € 18 million feedstock);  Revenue: € 42,3 million /year;  Gross profit: € 19 million /year;  Net profit: € 7,5 million / year;  Interest rate: 6%;  Discounted Payback: 5 years (without subsidies);  Market potential: 5 - 10 plants in the Netherlands;  Employment: 28 direct, 40-50 indirect.
  17. 17. Direct processing is very attractive (as well for the farmer as the factory); Example = 2.000 ton/day but design is also possible for 7.500 ton/day; Attractive price paid to farmers (net – income); Not only for ethanol but also for other green chemicals (future); For the Government: following RED implementation (Carbon footprint, CO2 reduction); No crop so efficient in fixation of CO2 and production of oxygen then sugar beet; Sugar beet in crop rotation = perfect. 20
  18. 18. Benefits of the Biobased industry: Environmental benefits; Minimize waste, proper recycling and disposal of products; Economic independence (less import, so more €/$ internal); More jobs (rural areas, but also in processing); Reduced expenses (cradle to cradle). 20
  19. 19. Direct processing: starting point for using sugar beet as raw material for the chemical industry and as crop for the most attractive circle economy model.
  20. 20. Dutch Sustainable Development BV Choorhoekseweg 8b 4424 NW Wemeldinge The Netherlands Tel. + 31 113 62 1074 / Director Project Development: Local Representative: Hans van Klink Svetlana Demikova + 31 65 34 04 721 + 380 674 65 8867