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GBEP sustainability indicators. Sustainability assessment of selected bioenergy pathways in the case study sites. Marco Colangeli, Lorenzo Traverso, FAO

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The presentation gives an overview of Sustainability indicators for bioenergy, developed by Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) and Sustainability assessment of the selected bioenergy pathways in the case study sites within the FORBIO project.

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GBEP sustainability indicators. Sustainability assessment of selected bioenergy pathways in the case study sites. Marco Colangeli, Lorenzo Traverso, FAO

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. GBEP SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS FORBIO Project Kiev, Ukraine Marco Colangeli (FAO) 20 September 2017
  2. 2. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. GBEP MEMBERSHIP
  3. 3. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. GBEP SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS FOR BIOENERGY GBEP has developed a set of 24 indicators for the assessment and monitoring of bioenergy sustainability at national level The GBEP indicators cover each of the three pillars of sustainability and address the production and use of all liquid, solid and gaseous biofuels for heating and cooking, electrification and transport INDICATORS 1. Lifecycle GHG emissions 9. Allocation and tenure of land for new bioenergy production 17. Productivity 2. Soil quality 10. Price and supply of a national food basket 18. Net energy balance 3. Harvest levels of wood resources 11. Change in income 19. Gross value added 4. Emissions of non-GHG air pollutants, including air toxics 12. Jobs in the bioenergy sector 20. Change in consumption of fossil fuels and traditional use of biomass 5. Water use and efficiency 13. Change in unpaid time spent by women and children collecting biomass 21. Training and re-qualification of the workforce 6. Water quality 14. Bioenergy used to expand access to modern energy services 22. Energy diversity 7. Biological diversity in the landscape 15. Change in mortality and burden of disease attributable to indoor smoke 23. Infrastructure and logistics for distribution of bioenergy 8. Land use and land-use change related to bioenergy feedstock production 16. Incidence of occupational injury, illness and fatalities 24. Capacity and flexibility of use of bioenergy ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS COUNTRIES COMPLETED IN PROGRESS COMMITTED Argentina X Brazil X China X Colombia X Egypt X* Ethiopia X Germany X Ghana X Indonesia X Italy X* Jamaica X Japan X* Kenya X Netherlands X Paraguay X USA X Sudan X Uruguay X Vietnam X
  5. 5. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. WP3: Sustainability assessment of selected bioenergy pathways in the case study sites FORBIO Project Kiev, Ukraine Lorenzo Traverso (FAO) 20 September 2017
  6. 6. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. To assess the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the selected advanced bioenergy value chains in the target countries • TASK 3.1 Development of a tailored set of sustainability indicators for bioenergy based on the specific conditions of each of the case study sites • Reference tool: GBEP Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy • Adaptation: National, ex-post => Local, ex-ante; • TASK 3.2 Compilation of existing environmental, social and economic data necessary for the measurement of the tailored set of sustainability indicators; • TASK 3.3 Identification of data gaps and selection and use of suitable proxies; • TASK 3.4 Measurement of the set of sustainability indicators for bioenergy in the case study sites (report available on June 2018)
  7. 7. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. TASK 3.1: DEVELOPMENT OF A TAILORED SET OF SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS LED BY FAO FORBIO
  8. 8. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Starting point is the most widely recognized and agreed set of 24 indicators for the assessment and monitoring of bioenergy sustainability developed by: The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) Indicators The GBEP indicators cover each of the three pillars of sustainability: • Environmental • Social • Economic 1. Development of a tailored set of sustainability indicators
  9. 9. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy INDICATORS 1. Lifecycle GHG emissions 9. Allocation and tenure of land for new bioenergy production 17. Productivity 2. Soil quality 10. Price and supply of a national food basket 18. Net energy balance 3. Harvest levels of wood resources 11. Change in income 19. Gross value added 4. Emissions of non-GHG air pollutants, including air toxics 12. Jobs in the bioenergy sector 20. Change in consumption of fossil fuels and traditional use of biomass 5. Water use and efficiency 13. Change in unpaid time spent by women and children collecting biomass 21. Training and re-qualification of the workforce 6. Water quality 14. Bioenergy used to expand access to modern energy services 22. Energy diversity 7. Biological diversity in the landscape 15. Change in mortality and burden of disease attributable to indoor smoke 23. Infrastructure and logistics for distribution of bioenergy 8. Land use and land-use change related to bioenergy feedstock production 16. Incidence of occupational injury, illness and fatalities 24. Capacity and flexibility of use of bioenergy
  10. 10. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Based on the sustainability GBEP Indicators a tailored set of indicators is developed through: • GBEP Indicators screening - A sub-set of indicators that best apply to the case study conditions has been selected starting from the 24 GBEP sustainability Indicators • Each selected indicator’s methodology is currently being adapted to better represent the reality of the case study sites - Builds upon data and information collected under WP2 – strict collaboration and information exchange with BCXA, CREA, WIP, FIB; SECBio; BI - Adapted to describe with the highest accuracy and reliability the parameters of interest of each case study site - Specifically, the indicators are adapted with a view to research explicitly impacts of known pollutants in contaminated areas;
  11. 11. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. FORBIO BIOENERGY SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC Life-cycle GHG Land Tenure Productivity Soil Quality Change in Income Net Energy Balance Non GHGs Jobs in Bioenergy Sectors Gross Value Added Water Use and Efficiency Modern Energy Access Trainings Water Quality Infrastructures and logistics for bioenergy distribution Biodiversity Land Use Change Capacity and flexibility of use of bioenergy The Selected Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy in the context of FORBIO
  12. 12. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The GBEP Indicators are intended to describe sustainability of existing bioenergy production and use to date (ex-post) FORBIO aims at assessing the sustainability of bioenergy as future return or prospect of a bioenergy supply chain (ex-ante) for each of the project sites GBEP FORBIO EX-POST EX-ANTE
  13. 13. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The GBEP Indicators are intended to describe sustainability of bioenergy at national level FORBIO requires specific adaptation in order to measure the sustainability of bioenergy at local level (regional, provincial, municipal, single operator, etc.) GBEP FORBIO NATIONAL LEVEL LOCAL LEVEL (Regional, provincial, municipal, single operator, etc.)
  14. 14. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. GBEP FORBIO EX-POST EX-ANTE NATIONAL LEVEL LOCAL LEVEL (Regional, provincial, municipal, single operator, etc.)
  15. 15. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY ADAPTATION: SOIL QUALITY INDICATOR FORBIO
  16. 16. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY ADAPTATION SOIL QUALITY INDICATOR DATA REQUIREMENTS GBEP FORBIO Tot. Land used for bioenergy Tot. Land used for bioenergy SOC content SOC content Soil loss, erosion, compaction or salinisation (in case of soil quality decline) Soil loss, erosion, compaction or salinisation (in case of soil quality decline) Stabilising measures of soil quality decline factors Stabilising measures of soil quality decline factors Additional physical, chemical and biological indicators (site characterisation) Soil contamination/soil pollutants Monitoring soil quality parameter and contamination parameters ✓ ✗ ✓ ✓
  17. 17. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Physical, chemical and biological indicators EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY ADAPTATION SOIL QUALITY INDICATOR
  18. 18. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Analysis of soil condition Soil quality integrates the physical, chemical, and biological components of soil and their interactions. Therefore, in order to capture the nature of soil quality, all parameters below should be measured and where feasible, monitored Physical, chemical and biological indicators Symbol/abbreviation Unit Physical Aggregate stability AS % of soil > 0.25mm Available water capacity AWC % volumetric water Bulk density BD g/cm3 Infiltration F mm/hrs Soil crusts Kg/cm3 Soil structure and macropores Total Porosity PO % volumetric Chemical Reactive Carbon Mg/kg Soil Electrical Conductivity EC mS/cm Soil Nitrate NO- 3 mg NO3-N/m-2 Soil pH pH °pH Phosphorus H2PO- 4/HPO-- 4 mg/kg Potassium K2O mg/kg Biological Particulate Organic Matter g Kg-1 Potentially Mineralizable Nitro. Soil Enzymes U g of dry soil Soil Respiration mg CO2-C/m-2/day-1
  19. 19. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Soil contamination or pollution Physical, chemical and biological indicators EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY ADAPTATION INDICATOR 2 SOIL QUALITY
  20. 20. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The analysis of soil contaminants is critical to evaluate the soil quality indicator. Most common soil contaminants Soil contamination or pollution Symbol Unit Heavy metals Lead Pb Chromium Cr Arsenic As Zinc Zn Cadmium Cd Copper Cu Mercury Hg Symbol Unit Fertilizers Nitrate NO3 - Phosphate (e.g. Sodium triphosphate) PO3- 4 Phosphorous P Potassium K Radionuclides
  21. 21. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Most common soil contaminants Soil contamination or pollution The analysis of soil contaminants is critical to evaluate the soil quality indicator. Symbo l Unit Petroleum Hydrocarbons Mono aromatics (e.g. benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, and xylenes etc.) AHs Polycyclic aromatic PAHs Polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs Chlorinated aromatic compounds Detergents Solvents Inorganic acids Pesticides DDT Hydrophobic, persistent, and bioaccumulable pesticides (organochlorine DDT, endosulfan, endrin, heptachlor, lindane and their TPs) Polar pesticides (represented mainly by herbicides but they include also carbamates, fungicides and some organophosphorus insecticide TPs)
  22. 22. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. More detailed monitoring of soil parameters Soil contamination or pollution Physical, chemical and biological indicators EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY ADAPTATION INDICATOR 2 SOIL QUALITY
  23. 23. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. Monitoring soil quality parameters of each bioenergy production site during the project implementation will include: Monitoring of specific soil parameters • Selected bioenergy crops; soil and crop management • Basic parameters repeated measurements od SOM; SOC (if possible include the trend changes) – assess baseline values in FORBIO context • Depending on the risk assessment: - in case of increased erosion risk: information on good soil management practices in place/to be adopted by production site; - in case of increased soil salinization risk: identify practices that can contribute to salinization; - in case of increased soil compaction risk: identify causes of compaction and repeat data measurement of bulk density of the soil by production site.
  24. 24. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. TASK 3.2: COMPILATION OF EXISTING DATA FORBIO
  25. 25. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. • collection of information enabling FAO to perform the sustainability assessment • Existing environmental, social and techno-economic data will be screened and collected; necessary missing information will be researched and, to the extent possible, surveyed and produced in the form of primary data; To this end, the provision of field trials would be an important asset. 2. Compilation of existing data
  26. 26. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. TASK 3.3: IDENTIFICATION OF DATA GAPS AND PROXIES FORBIO
  27. 27. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The analysis of the sustainability of bioenergy requires often long term data series and it is possible that such information is not available for each tailored indicator; Once specific data gaps have been identified, suitable proxies will be selected and used for the indicator lacking sufficient and/or appropriate data; GBEP already presented a set of useful proxies for most of its indicators, but during the project further site-specific proxies will be discussed with local experts and stakeholders. 3. Identification of proxies and identification of data gaps
  28. 28. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. TASK 3.4: SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS MEASURAMENT FORBIO
  29. 29. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. The set of sustainability indicators selected and opportunely adapted, will be measured for each of the case study sites; The results of the measurements will be verified and interpreted through a series of webinars and/or meetings in the case study sites with a representative number of local stakeholders; Building on these discussions, the results of the different sustainability assessments will be compiled into a report. 4. Measurement of the set of sustainability indicators for bioenergy in the case study sites
  30. 30. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No691846. THANK YOU Lorenzo Traverso Project Adviser Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Climate and Environment Division (NRC) Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) secretariat Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome – ITALY Tel: +39.06.0753295 E-Mail: lorenzo.traverso@fao.org www.fao.org

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