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Wikipedia, a library and an archive, a family portrait - DISH, 8-12-2015, Rotterdam

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In this joint workshop Tim de Haan (Nationaal Archief) and Olaf Janssen (Koninkijke Bibliotheek) will give an overview of why and how the KB and NA have set up structural collaborations with Wikipedia and its sister projects.

Starting from a brief historic overview of their joint Wikipedian-in-Residence project in 2013-14, Olaf and Tim will discuss the added value and best-practices of the currect Wiki-activities both institutions are running along with the Wikipedia-community.

They will talk about the rationale and impact of image donations, a project to systematically describe all Dutch WW2 resistance newspapers on Wikipedia, the collaboration with public libraries, volunteer engagement activities and how staff members experience the sometimes abrasive yet polishing nature of working together with the Wiki-community.

And of course Tim and Olaf will share their personal observations of being part of the global Wiki-family.

Presentation during DISH 2015, 8-12-2015, Rotterdam - http://www.dish2015.nl/programme/workshops/day-2-power-to-the-people/

Slidedeck also available on Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wikipedia,_a_library_and_an_archive,_a_family_portrait_-_DISH,_8-12-2015,_Rotterdam.pdf

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Wikipedia, a library and an archive, a family portrait - DISH, 8-12-2015, Rotterdam

  1. 1. Wikipedia, a library & an archive A family portrait DISH, 8 december 2015, Rotterdam Tim de Haan, Nationaal Archief tim.de.haan@nationaalarchief.nl @timmietovenaar Olaf Janssen, Koninklijke Bibliotheek olaf.janssen@kb.nl @ookgezellig slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL Source,NationaalArchief,CC-BY-SA
  2. 2. DISH, 8 december 2015, Rotterdam Source,NationaalArchief,CC-BY-SA
  3. 3. What we hope to share with you today 1. Why KB and NA set up structural collaborations with Wikipedia 2. Our Wiki-related activities in the last 2 years 3. Their added value
  4. 4. Source: NRC KB & partners are accomplishing a huge task...
  5. 5. Source: NRC We are digitizing all Dutch…
  6. 6. books http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/42-20042070/1960s-1970s-boy-leaning-against-tree-reading?popup=1 http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/42-26195211/humor-portrait-man-wearing-hat-sitting-on?popup=1 http://eu.art.com/products/p6901596700-sa-i5098387/posters.htm?ui=F9E1398DA4CC4D3DB105E128FBAB2C4D & magazines newspapers
  7. 7. since 1470 http://marksayers.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/charles-darwin-2.png
  8. 8. 100.000 pages per day http://www.allposters.co.uk/-sp/Man-Wiping-Forehead-Posters_i8018953_.htm (that’s for 20 years)
  9. 9. http://annakrentz.blogspot.nl/2011/05/dutch-liberation.html And of course, after digitisation, we want to make people (and machines) happy with our content.
  10. 10. And of course, after digitisation, we want to make people (and machines) happy with our content. http://annakrentz.blogspot.nl/2011/05/dutch-liberation.html Two strategies Open, unless… • Open data & formats (DC, MPEG21, RDF, XML, JSON) • Open APIs (OAI-PMH, SRU) ------------------- • Open content (text & images) • Open licences (PD, Creative Commons) ------------------- • Unless: copyright, partnership agreements Be where the people are • Become part of everyday media- and knowlegde consumption • Social media • Wikipedia
  11. 11. Wikipedia 101 Source, 101fingers, CC-BY-SA
  12. 12. Wikipedia (*2001) = the free & open encyclopedia ...
  13. 13. … that anyone can edit
  14. 14. 14 years later 375M unique visitors & 18B pageviews per month (7000 articles per second) 7th ranked website in the world www.alexa.com/topsites, 24-11-2015
  15. 15. Tweet: https://twitter.com/alisonclement/status/8421314259 Photo: Olaf_Janssen - http://www.flickr.com/photos/59633635@N08/8169389830/in/set-72157631944350246 (CC BY-SA 2.0)
  16. 16. Acèh Afrikaans Alemannisch አማርኛ Aragonés Ænglisc ‫العربية‬ ‫ܐܪܡܝܐ‬ ‫مصرى‬ অসমীয Asturianu Aymar aru Azərbaycanca Башҡортса Boarisch Žemaitėška Беларуска Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ Български भोजपुरी Bamanankan ব়াাংল়া བོད་ཡིག Brezhone Bosanski Буряад Català Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄ Cebuano Chamoru ᏣᎳᎩ ‫کوردی‬ Češtin Словѣньскъ Чӑвашла Cymraeg Dansk Deutsch Zazaki ް‫ސ‬ ަ‫ބ‬ި‫ހ‬ެ‫ވ‬ ި‫ދ‬ Ελληνικά Emiliàn rumagnòl English Esperanto Español Eesti Euskara ‫فارسی‬ Suomi Võro Føroyskt França Arpetan Nordfriisk Furlan Frysk Gaeilge 贛語 Gàidhlig Galego ‫گيلکی‬ Avañe'ẽ ગુજરાત Gaelg 客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî ‫עברית‬ हिन्दी Fiji Hindi Hrvatski Kreyòl ayisyen Magyar Հայերե Interlingua Bahasa Indonesia Interlingue Iñupiak Ilokano Ido Íslenska Italiano 日本語 Lojban Basa Jawa ქართული Kongo Қазақша Kalaallisut ភាសាខ្មែរ ಕನ್ನಡ 한국어 Перем Коми Къарачай-малкъар Ripoarisch Kurdî Коми Kernowek Кыргызча Latina Ladin Lëtzebuergesch Лезги Limburgs Lumbaart Lingála ລາວ Lietuvių Latgaļu Latviešu Bas Banyumasan Malagasy Олык марий Baso Minangkabau Македонски മലയാള Монгол मराठी Bahasa Melayu ‫رونی‬ ِ‫ز‬ Nāhuatl Napulitano Plattdüütsch Nederland Nedersaksies नेपाली नेपाल‎भाषा Norsk nynorsk Norsk bokmål Novial Nouormand Occita ଓଡ଼ିଆ Ирон ਪੰਜਾਬੀ Papiamentu Picard Deitsch Norfuk / Pitkern Polski Piemontèis ‫پنجابی‬ ‫ښتو‬ Português Runa Simi Rumantsch Romani Română Armãneashce Русский Русиньскы संस्कृ तम ् Саха тыла Sardu Sicilianu Scots Sámegiella Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватск සිංහල Simple English Slovenčina Slovenščina Gagana Samoa Shqip Српски / srpsk Sranantongo Sesotho Seeltersk Basa Sunda Svenska Kiswahili Ślůnski தமிழ் తెలుగుТоҷикӣ ไทย Türkmençe Tagalog Tok Pisin Türkçe Татарча/tatarça Українська ‫ردو‬ Oʻzbekcha Vèneto Vepsän kel’ Tiếng Việt Volapük Walon Winaray Wolof 吴语 IsiXhos Wikipedia has 291 language versions https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias
  17. 17. And is made by 77.000 volunteers (‘Wikipedians’) across the globe http://wikimania2014.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wikimania_2014_group_photo.jpeg#mediaviewer/File:Wikimania_2014_group_photo.jpeg
  18. 18. Dutch language Wikipedia (nl.wikipedia.org, november 2015) • 1.84M articles • 1.130 active Wikipedians (5+ edits per months) • 175M pageviews by 20M people per month http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Statistieken
  19. 19. Dutch language Wikipedia (nl.wikipedia.org, november 2015) • 1.84M articles • 1.130 active Wikipedians (5+ edits per months) • 175M pageviews per month http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Statistieken
  20. 20. Alle afbeeldingen die je op de 287 Wikipedia’s ziet, zitten in 1 grote bak Wikimedia Commons All images in those 291 Wikipedias are in one big bucket Wikimedia Commons
  21. 21. 29M freely available images, videos, sounds, PDFs etc. http://commons.wikimedia.org
  22. 22. Anyone can contribute!
  23. 23. wallpaperup.com/uploads/wallpapers/2014/03/20/303069/f71d1658bc7c989588f04cc01b777477.jpg
  24. 24. Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums = CULTURAL HERITAGE SECTOR
  25. 25. http://www.doctormacro.com/Images/Martin%20and%20Lewis/Annex/Annex%20-%20Martin%20and%20Lewis%20%28Scared%20Stiff%29_02.jpg
  26. 26. Who are the users of Dutch Wikipedia? (2013) http://nl.wikimedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Z1676_Vereniging_Wikimedia_Nederland_rp03.pdf
  27. 27. “Which sources do you use most for finding factual information?” • 82% Google • 52% Wikipedia • ??% libraries, books and archives
  28. 28. “Which sources do you use most for finding factual information?” • 82% Google • 52% Wikipedia • 2% libraries, books and archives
  29. 29. “7 out of 10 Dutch citizens use Wikipedia” “Over 35% use Wikipedia weekly”
  30. 30. KB Themes Background information on selected topics based on the KB collection www.kb.nl/en/themes
  31. 31. Anne Frank 117 views (oct ‘13 – mrt ‘14) 95.228 views (oct ‘13 – mrt ‘14) KB decided to discontinue this page
  32. 32. VOC 388 views (oct ‘13 – mrt ‘14) 69.550 views (oct ‘13 – mrt ‘14) KB decided to discontinue this page
  33. 33. “In order to increase visibility and findability …. It has become necessary to offer scholarly and historic materials not only via the home webiste, but also through other channels on the internet. To this end, cooperation is sought with external parties…” (KB annual report 2012, pag 12) Early 2013
  34. 34. Online stats GaHetNa.nl (section: photos) (Sept. 2014, Google Analytics)
  35. 35. Visits Wikipedia lemma “Vrede van Munster” (sept 2014) stats.grok.se/nl/201409/Vrede_van_M%C3%BCnster
  36. 36. The value of #opendata http://www.gahetna.nl/opendata
  37. 37. www.gahetna.nl/opendata www.data.overheid.nl www.openculturdata.nl Sharing knowledge
  38. 38. Summary: Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons and the Wiki-community can offer added value for KB, NA and our users! Let’s collaborate! (“set up a GLAM-wiki partnership”)
  39. 39. But we had a lot of questions! • How does Wikipedia work? • How do we get our content on Wikipedia? • How do we collaborate with the Wiki-community? We could use some help!!
  40. 40. NRC, 9 oktober 2013 October 2013
  41. 41. NRC, 9 oktober 2013 October 2013 Wikipedian-in-Residence 1st in the Netherlands Hay Kranen (1983) • Wikipedian since 2005
  42. 42. What is a WiR? “An inhouse Wikipedian who coordinates and expands the collaboration between the GLAM and the Wiki community.” outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedian in Residence http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Wikipedian_in_Residence_Infographic.jpg-CC-BY-SA
  43. 43. What did Hay achieve in 1 year? (selection, Oct 2013 – Oct 2014) And how did KB & NA continue his work in 2015?
  44. 44. What did Hay achieve in 1 year? (selection, Oct 2013 – Oct 2014) And how did KB & NA continue his work in 2015?
  45. 45. 12 workshops introducing Wikipedia & Commons • 1.5 hrs theory, 2 hrs hands-on editing (with support) • 134 students (mainly KB / NA employees) • Result: improved understanding of Wikipedia/media 1. Build knowledge & skills Click for more info
  46. 46. Why & added value Wikipedia and WiR • Presentations, lectures, interviews, panels • Media: print, professional, online and social • Ministry OCW • Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD) • CBS, NIOD • Professional organistions: KVAN + KNVI 2. Raise awareness with external parties http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/Koninklijke_Bibliotheek_en_Nationaal_Archief/Evenementen#Externe_bijeenkomsten http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/Koninklijke_Bibliotheek_en_Nationaal_Archief/Resultaten/KPIs/KPI7
  47. 47. • Be part of online community life (discussion pages, Village Pump, news letters, mailing lists) • Be part of offline community life (writing & photo events, Wikimania2014, training events) • Support & facilitate volunteers using KB/NA collections 3. Be part of the Wiki community
  48. 48. • Be part of online community life (discussion pages, Village Pump, news letters, mailing lists) • Be part of offline community life (writing & photo events, Wikimania2014, training events) • Support & facilitate volunteers using KB/NA collections • Organise / host events for the community * GLAM-Wiki (2015) 3. Be part of the Wiki community
  49. 49. 10-12 April GLAM-WIKI 2015 @ KB and NA
  50. 50. Project website nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/KBNA 3. Be part of the Wiki community
  51. 51. “Upload sets of freely licensed or rights free images from your collection to Wikimedia Commons” Some reasons 1. Expose content hidden away in your own site 2. Enable reuse on Wikipedia 3. Reach new audiences, also outside Wikipedia 4. Improve object presentation (case study KB) 5. Measure impact (glamorous, baglama) 4. Do image donations
  52. 52. http://www.kb.nl/themas/atlassen/stedenatlas-de-wit 4.4 Improve object presentation This is an historic atlas on the KB websiteThis is a 17th century atlas on the KB website
  53. 53. http://www.kb.nl/themas/atlassen/stedenatlas-de-wit a This is how a typical map is presented. No context! What am I looking at??
  54. 54. In 2014 KB donated the 146 images in this atlas to Wikimedia Commons (all in the public domain) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Atlas de Wit 1698
  55. 55. Context, metadata! Reuse conditions, provenance, link to KB-catalogue This is how a the same map is presented on Commons.
  56. 56. 4. Beelddonaties KB Stedenboek de Wit 1698 • April ‘14: Donatie van 146 afbeeldingen (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Atlas_de_Wit_1698) KB.nl Wikimedia Commons Which is more useful for visitors?
  57. 57. Atlas of Mutual Heritage • VOC + WIC (atlasofmutualheritage.nl) • May ‘14: Donation 2.500 old maps KB & NA (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Atlas_of_Mutual_Heritage) • 227 lemmas enriched on Wikipedia, e.g. Robben Island 4. Image donations KB & NA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island The spinning house at Batavia
  58. 58. http://duitslandnieuws.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Groei21.jpg Some hard figures… 4.5 Measure impact of image donations
  59. 59. commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Nationaal Archief 4.5 Measure impact of image donations NA donated 15.046 images so far
  60. 60. 4.5 Measure impact of image donations commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Nationaal Archief # of images from NA on Wikimedia Commons Use of these images on Wikipedia (Nov ‘15) • 7.373 (of these 15.046) images are used on WP • in 35.293 distinct articles • These are viewed 24 million (!!) times each month http://tools.wmflabs.org/glamtools/baglama2/#gid=38&month=201510 Sept 2013 ca 7.500 Okt 2014 12.634 Nov 2015 15.046 After 2 yrs: + 200%
  61. 61. 5. Link NA collection to Wikipedia based on current events • Follow the news pro-actively e.d e.g on the http://nl.wikipedia.org homepage and complete lemmas with relevant images • American-Dutch trade and friendship treaty (based on NA-content)
  62. 62. 5. Link NA collection to Wikipedia based on current events https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_personen_overleden_in _2015#footer http://www.gahetna.nl/actueel/nieuws/2015/wikipedia-wint- erasmusprijs
  63. 63. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marianne_Hilarides 5. Link NA collection to Wikipedia based on current events
  64. 64. http://www.4en5meiamsterdam.nl/attachment/47454 6. Bring together currently unconnected sources via Wikipedia & reach new audiences
  65. 65. http://www.4en5meiamsterdam.nl/attachment/47454 Case: Dutch Resistance newspapers from WW2
  66. 66. During WW2 ± 1.300 Dutch underground newspapers have been issued
  67. 67. http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=ddd:010436323 http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=ddd:010442948 http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=ddd:010447825 http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=ddd:010450508 From big ones (e.g. Parool, Vrij Nederland, Trouw, de Waarheid)
  68. 68. To very small, home-made, pamphlet-like issues
  69. 69. After the war many titles have been preserved at the NIOD … https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Verzetskrant_in_archiefdozen_bij_het_NIOD.jpg – CC-BY-SA - OlafJanssen
  70. 70. http://opac-gonext.oclc.org:8180/DB=8/XMLPRS=Y/PPN?PPN=107123223 .. were described in formal library catalogues…
  71. 71. .. were full-text digitized in Delpher … The Dutch national aggregator for historic newspapers, books and magzines
  72. 72. .. and were contextualized & interlinked 1 by 1 in a book Few people know this book, it is a ‘dead’ publication
  73. 73. .. and were contextualized & interlinked 1 by 1 in a book Links to related underground newspapers
  74. 74. So: a lot of – mainly unconnected - information is available about these WW2 underground newspapers
  75. 75. nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categorie:Illegale_pers_in_de_Tweede_Wereldoorlog At the same time, only 14 of these 1300 newspapers are described on WP:NL
  76. 76. The Wikiproject Verzetskranten will change this! Systematically and uniformly describe & interlink all 1.300 Dutch underground newspapers from WW2 on Wikipedia ..using (yet) unconnected data from 1. Library catalogue (metadata) 2. Delpher (full-texts) 3. Book (context & interlinks)
  77. 77. … bringing untold WW2 stories to a big audience… and making the resulting LOD available for open reuse for other purposes (e.g. datavizualisations)
  78. 78. … bringing untold WW2 stories to a big audience… and making the resulting LOD available for open reuse for other purposes (e.g. datavizualisations) Early data model of how local editions of the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland spread across the country
  79. 79. Method, details & current status: tinyurl.com/verzetskranten (in Dutch)
  80. 80. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Amsterdam_-_Openbare_Bibliotheek_-_0038.jpg CC-BY-SA 7. Collaboration between public libraries and Wikipedia In NL there are 157 public libraries with 3.8M members and 60M visits p/a http://statline.cbs.nl/StatWeb/publication/?VW=T&DM=SLNL&PA=70763NED&D1=a&D2=a&HD=121101-0951&HDR=T&STB=G1
  81. 81. They are faced with changing tasks Lending books • Access to (online) information • Personal development • Arts & culture • Be part of knowlegde networks Local history clubs Local archive, museum Library clients Wikipedia/media
  82. 82. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Amsterdam_-_Openbare_Bibliotheek_-_0038.jpg CC-BY-SA Since 1-1-2015 KB has central role in facilitating the network of Dutch public libraries (Wsob) “Using our Wiki-experience, lets see if we can facilitate willing public libraries to find out if and how they can collaborate with the Wikimedia knowlegde network”
  83. 83. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Amsterdam_-_Openbare_Bibliotheek_-_0038.jpg CC-BY-SA Two aims 1. Contribute local knowlegde to WP via library’s network & collections 2. Make it easy for WP-consumers to find & use those sources Current status • Strong interest from: Amsterdam, Arnhem, Amersfoort, Oosterhout • Hands-on local projects in Q1-2 2016 (photos)
  84. 84. Wikipedia:GLAM/Koninklijke Bibliotheek en Nationaal Archief/OBproject
  85. 85. Tim de Haan, Nationaal Archief tim.de.haan@nationaalarchief.nl @timmietovenaar Olaf Janssen, Koninklijke Bibliotheek olaf.janssen@kb.nl @ookgezellig slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL Thanks! Questions?

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