National libraries in Europe – A case study of collaboration <ul><li>Introduction: Europe, European national libraries </l...
Europe – relevant institutions <ul><li>European Union  (EU) - Founded 1992 - 25 members states - Group of  10 New Member S...
Nature of a national library <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Roles:   </li></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Collaboration since 1987, since 1995 online  </li></ul><ul><li>CENL  :  C onference of  E uropean N ational  L ibr...
Roles & tasks of CENL <ul><li>Setting policies -  H armoni s ation & innovation of national policy concerning libraries - ...
European collaboration in 4 steps <ul><li>1995-2005 :  Gabriel  =  W eb guide  to Europe’s national libraries </li></ul><u...
A   1995 – Start of     W eb guide for/of/by Europe’s national libraries Gabriel
Gabriel : Guide to European  national libraries <ul><li>GA teway and  BRI dge to  E urope's national  L ibraries </li></ul...
 
What could you find on Gabriel? <ul><li>Practical information about  the European NLs: addresses, opening hours, history, ...
Pros & cons of Gabriel <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><li>Only pan-European library service </li></ul><ul><li>All NLs had a pr...
B   2001 – Start of   Feasibility study  for searching catalogues & collections of national libraries   TEL Project
<ul><li>8 pilot libraries: Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Switzerland, United Kingdom. </li></u...
<ul><li>Creation of technical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Developing metatada models </li></ul><ul><li>Relations with...
Results of TEL Project <ul><li>31-1-2004 :  Feasibility study  ended successfully -  other NLs can participate too (France...
C   2005 – Start of   Operational result of Feasibility study The European Library
  TheEuropeanLibrary.org =  service of all European National Libraries to provide access to their (deep web) catalogues & ...
Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European l...
<ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org  live since 17 March 2005 (beta) Alfa release expected for 24 November </li></ul>The Europe...
Advantages of The European Library <ul><li>Give  integrated  access to national collections across Europe - digital (500K)...
D   2005 – Start of     Extension of TheEuropeanLibrary.org with  10 EU New Member States   TEL-ME-MOR
TEL-ME-MOR GLOBAL FACTSHEET <ul><li>Funded by European Union -  1.4M Euro kickstart (2.8 M S$) </li></ul><ul><li>2 main ob...
TEL-ME-MOR - Hurdles  <ul><li>Lack of staff (esp. smaller libraries) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge    TEL Office + ...
<ul><li>New resources for users  - Collections in The European Library today  :  165  - New collections added by NMS by en...
Next steps (2006 - …) <ul><li>Offering more digitized content   - Currently relative low % of content is digital material ...
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org (beta) www.telmemor.net www.cenl.org [email_address] [email_address]
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Olaf Janssen on the collaboration between European national libraries during the NLB Conference, 15-11-2005, Singapore

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In this presentation Olaf Janssen - project & account manager at The European Library - talks about 18 years of cooperation between the national libraries of Europe.

He introduces national libraries in a European context and presents the history and benefits of their collaboration.
He outlines the development of The European Library (TEL) from the Gabriel project and the TELproject, and discusses how the TEL-ME-MOR project contributes to the growth of TEL.

I held this talk as an invited speaker during the NLB Conference "Celebrating Knowledge, The Power and Potential" on 15-11-2005, Singapore

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Olaf Janssen on the collaboration between European national libraries during the NLB Conference, 15-11-2005, Singapore

  1. 1. National libraries in Europe – A case study of collaboration <ul><li>Introduction: Europe, European national libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration of European national libraries in 4 steps – a case study </li></ul><ul><li>Future steps </li></ul>NLB Conference, Singapore, 15-11-2005 Olaf D. Janssen Web & New Projects manager The European Library Office, The Netherlands
  2. 2. Europe – relevant institutions <ul><li>European Union (EU) - Founded 1992 - 25 members states - Group of 10 New Member States joined in 2004 - Major project funder More  www.eu.int </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Europe (CoE) - Founded 1949 - 46 member states, 800M people - Aim: to achieve a greater unity between its members. More  www.coe.int </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nature of a national library <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Roles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D epo sit library ( national bibliogra phy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes also university library (eg FI, SI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preserving , managing & opening nation a l cultur al heritage (documents) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting & supporting national & international co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Research & development ( national & international) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Collaboration since 1987, since 1995 online </li></ul><ul><li>CENL : C onference of E uropean N ational L ibrarians (directors of NLs) </li></ul>National libraries in European context <ul><li>Regional subgroups (Northern, South-East) </li></ul><ul><li>CENL is umbrella of many European projects & task groups </li></ul><ul><li>45 official national libraries – 43 countries (Council of Europe) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Roles & tasks of CENL <ul><li>Setting policies - H armoni s ation & innovation of national policy concerning libraries - T o increase and reinforce the role of national libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & S tandardi s ation S tandardi s ation and implementation of effective and innovative communication & information networks, for, in & between national libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining cultural heritage P reservation and conservation of important collections in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Education & culture L ibraries are suited to promoting cultural heritage (e.g. schools) </li></ul><ul><li>More info  http://www.cenl.org </li></ul>
  6. 6. European collaboration in 4 steps <ul><li>1995-2005 : Gabriel = W eb guide to Europe’s national libraries </li></ul><ul><li>2001-2004 : TEL Project = Feasibility study for searching catalogues & collections of national libraries </li></ul><ul><li>2005  : The European Library = Operational result of Feasibility study (sum of A+B) </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2006: TEL-ME-MOR = Extension of The European Library with 10 European Union New Member States </li></ul>
  7. 7. A 1995 – Start of W eb guide for/of/by Europe’s national libraries Gabriel
  8. 8. Gabriel : Guide to European national libraries <ul><li>GA teway and BRI dge to E urope's national L ibraries </li></ul><ul><li>1995 pilot, online since 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-EU funded – own means </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained & hosted by NL of Netherlands, 4 mirrors (Finland, Germany, Slovenia, UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Is no longer alive  Content moved to TheEuropeanLibrary.org </li></ul>
  9. 10. What could you find on Gabriel? <ul><li>Practical information about the European NLs: addresses, opening hours, history, contact info, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Information about online services : OPACs, national bibliographic databases, websites, periodicals… </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibition of (digitized) treasures of the 43 NLs </li></ul><ul><li>Search all websites ( NOT: catalogues ) of all 43 NLs in one query </li></ul><ul><li>Available in 3 languages: English, French & German </li></ul>
  10. 11. Pros & cons of Gabriel <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><li>Only pan-European library service </li></ul><ul><li>All NLs had a presence on the web (e.g. Malta did not have a website until 2003!) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation, share knowledge, networking, political </li></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><li>Not able to search the catalogues & collections of the NLs  Enter TEL Project (2001) </li></ul>
  11. 12. B 2001 – Start of Feasibility study for searching catalogues & collections of national libraries TEL Project
  12. 13. <ul><li>8 pilot libraries: Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Switzerland, United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to create operational service from start, so business plan was part of project </li></ul>TEL Project (2001-2004) <ul><li>2001-2004: Feasibility study = is it possible to create one central service for searching the catalogues & collections of all European NLs ? </li></ul><ul><li>Financed by European Union (30 months) + own recources = 2M Euro ( ~ 4M S$) </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Creation of technical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Developing metatada models </li></ul><ul><li>Relations with publishers - copyright issues - open access vs. restricted access </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-linguality (37 languages in CENL) </li></ul><ul><li>Business models - market research - financing - is there a need for a European Library? </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus building – recognizing & clearing political hurdles </li></ul>TEL Project – task fields
  14. 15. Results of TEL Project <ul><li>31-1-2004 : Feasibility study ended successfully - other NLs can participate too (France) </li></ul><ul><li>N ew collaborative effort between national libraries in Europe  start of </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot libraries + France commit for 3 years initially to create operational service = The EuropeanLibrary .org (portal) </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a European Library Office , hosted by National Library of The Netherlands </li></ul>
  15. 16. C 2005 – Start of Operational result of Feasibility study The European Library
  16. 17. TheEuropeanLibrary.org = service of all European National Libraries to provide access to their (deep web) catalogues & collections via 1 central multi-lingual web interface (= portal) What is The European Library?
  17. 18. Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European learning and culture.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The European Library exists to open up the universe of knowledge, information and culture of all Europe's national libraries”   </li></ul>Mission
  18. 19. <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org live since 17 March 2005 (beta) Alfa release expected for 24 November </li></ul>The European Library – current status <ul><li>Funded by the national libraries, owned by CENL </li></ul><ul><li>Development + maintenance by European Library Office (KB – 4.5 FTE) </li></ul><ul><li>12 Full Participants: National libraries of - Britain, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Switzerland (2004) - Austria, Serbia, Croatia (June 2005) - Catalogues & collections searchable (160+ collections, 500K digitised objects, 15M records) + basic Gabriel information </li></ul><ul><li>33 Basic Participants - Catalogues & collections not searchable - Only basic information – as on Gabriel </li></ul>
  19. 20. Advantages of The European Library <ul><li>Give integrated access to national collections across Europe - digital (500K) and non-digital (14.5M items) </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver integrated results </li></ul><ul><li>Increased visibility of national collections on the web </li></ul><ul><li>Open standards - development & sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Access to native resources held in other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Political – all NLs operate as one force (more weight than individual NLs) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism to extend collaboration  </li></ul>
  20. 21. D 2005 – Start of Extension of TheEuropeanLibrary.org with 10 EU New Member States TEL-ME-MOR
  21. 22. TEL-ME-MOR GLOBAL FACTSHEET <ul><li>Funded by European Union - 1.4M Euro kickstart (2.8 M S$) </li></ul><ul><li>2 main objectives: 1. Facilitating & stimulating the 10 EU NMS to apply for future EU funding (creating momentum) 2 . Making the 10 NMS national libraries Full Participant of The European Library (except Slovenia) </li></ul><ul><li>Project started 01-02-2005 – Duration 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>National libraries of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Malta and Cyprus (& Slovenia) </li></ul>
  22. 23. TEL-ME-MOR - Hurdles <ul><li>Lack of staff (esp. smaller libraries) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge  TEL Office + Full Participants to assist (workshops, teleconferences, email support…) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical hurdles (infrastructure, m etadata, collection descriptions, charcater sets/diacritics) </li></ul><ul><li>Financial + organisational (first EU project for most) </li></ul>Possible hurdles for NMS libraries to join The European Library
  23. 24. <ul><li>New resources for users - Collections in The European Library today : 165 - New collections added by NMS by end of 2006: 47 </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of network and collaboration (o pen standards, development & sharing knowledge) </li></ul><ul><li>Extended profile of The European Library (snowball effect)  possible future e xtension to other European cultural institutions </li></ul>TEL-ME-MOR - Benefits
  24. 25. Next steps (2006 - …) <ul><li>Offering more digitized content - Currently relative low % of content is digital material - The European Library is seen as ideal point of entry to digitised material - CENL will develop a network of digitisation activities - European Digital Library? (  Google Print) </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2005: Project proposal to EU to include all remaining EU member states </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2007 : more (non-NMS) NLs to join TheEuropeanLibrary.org January 2006 : Moscow, Denmark July 2006 : Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of 2007 : 25-30 national libraries searchable (200-300+ collections, 10-100M records) </li></ul>
  25. 26. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org (beta) www.telmemor.net www.cenl.org [email_address] [email_address]

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