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Public library

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Public library

  1. 1. PUBLIC LIBRARY DONE BY:Ola Hasan Ahmed ID201010721 Dr. Bouzid Boudiaf AJMAN UNVERSITYOF SCIENCE &TECHNOLOGY FACULTY OF ENGINEERING Department of Architecture Engineering
  2. 2. AJMAN UNVERSITY OF SCIENCE &TECHNOLOGY FACULTY OF ENGINEERING Department of Architecture Engineering DesignV BY: Ola Hasan Ahmed ID 201010721 Supervised by: Dr. Bouzid Boudiaf
  3. 3. Public library
  4. 4. Introduction Library: is a collection of sources, resources ,and services, and the structure in which it is housed; it is organized for services ,for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. In the more traditional sense, a library is a collection of books. It can mean the collection , the building or room that houses such a collection , or both.The term library has itself acquired a secondary meaning : a collection of useful material for common use.This sense is used in fields such as computer science , mathematics, statistics , electronics and biology. Function of library: 1. Muscal laneous 2. Event area 3. Entrance area 4. Group rooms 5. reading/ workstations 6. Issue desk 7. Children 8. Admin area 9. Children 10. Browsing 11. Display area 12. adults Riggs Library - Georgetown University 1969
  5. 5. 1. Academic libraries : These libraries are located are located on the campuses of colleges and universities and serve primarily the students and faculty of that and other academic institutions . 2. Public libraries : these libraries provide service to the general public and make at least some of their books available for borrowings , so that readers may use them at home over a period of days or weeks.Typically, libraries issue library cards to community members wishing. 3. A digital library ( smart library ) : is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform ,or other media) and accessible by computers. 4. Research libraries : these libraries are intended for supporting scholarly research, and therefore maintain permanent collections and attempt to provide access to all necessary. 5. School libraries: most public and private primary and secondary schools have libraries designed to support the school's curriculum. 6. Special libraries : all other libraries fall into this category. Many private businesses and public organizations , including hospitals, museums , research laboratories, law firms , and many government departments and agencies, maintain their own libraries for the use of their employees in doing specialized with one or more academic departments. Types of libraries: Milwaukee public library on West Wisconsin
  6. 6. Public library: have no scientific collection duty or archive function ,but are lending libraries , which normally have small stores or none at all. Users for public library: • Children • Young people • Adults Public library aim their range of stock and services at meeting the needs of the users. The public library is communication for the population, they offer, in addition to the traditional lending of books, browsing zones, citizens advice, information, cafeteria, listening to music, areas for sitting and events, art lending. Structure the areas into those for adults, children and young people with activity-oriented movement rooms, not separated but in zones with flowing transition. Floor loading in public libraries:50KN/m2, in store-type self-service areas with denser stacking 7.5KN/m2 , with compact storage (mobile shelving units)12.5 or15.0 KN/m2.
  7. 7. Neufert architects data
  8. 8. Case studies
  9. 9. DAEGU GOSAN PUBLIC LIBRARY (Daegu, South Korea)
  10. 10. Statistics • Project Name: Daegu gosan • Architect: Jason Easter , first colopmorales • Location: Daega, south koura • Design period: 2012 • Built-up area: 3200 sqm • Building Type: library • Structure: Reinforce concrete Site Analysis & Context The Gosan Library is also the cultural hub with the area. Its proximity to the local subway station and a large public park make it a prime location for cultural exchange. Both passive and formal manners of interaction are facilitated by this public space. Buildingaround library By street Land scape Main street The Daegu Gosan Public Library, like many libraries, stands as the physical manifestation of the concept of shared knowledge. As such, it is temple of knowledge, honoring the book as the foundation media of information communication, and making way for the new learning trends that result from the current digital movement. Design Concept Green connection to existing park Pedestrian flowVehicular movement
  11. 11. Functions & structure • Clear glass • open floor plan • large public park • Temple of knowledge To reinforce this the northeast corner of the site pulls the landscape from the park under the building, extending the public space into the site. The resulting plaza creates a partially covered space which will be utilized and activated by the local communities.This sunken garden provides valuable natural daylight to the building functions located below grade.The life- long learning center and multi-purpose spaces surround this plaza providing easy access for the community. Additional terraces at the second level reading area and the roof connect the building back to the park and existing context.
  12. 12. 1. Multipurpose lecture hall 2. Main hall exhibition 3. Machine/ electric room 4. Multipurpose room 5. Culture class room 6. Language lab Ground floor plan 1 2 3 4 5 6 Multipurpose lecture hall Main hall exhibition Machine/ electric room Multi room Culture class Language lab
  13. 13. 1. Entrance lobby /info services 2. Café 3. Office 1st floor plan 1 2 3 Entranc e Café Office
  14. 14. 1. General collection 2. Study area 3. Preservation room 4. Terrace 2nd floor plan 1 2 3 4 General collection Terrace Study area Preservation room
  15. 15. 1. General collection 2. Open reading area 3. Digital data / laptop room 3rd floor plan 1 2 General collection Open reading area 3 Digital lab
  16. 16. 3rd floor plan 1. General collection 1 1 General collection
  17. 17. 1. children/ infant corner 2. Multicultural data corner 3. Terrace / playground 4th floor plan Mulicultural data 1 2 3 Terrace /playground children/ infant corner
  18. 18. EAST ELEVATION SECTION DD
  19. 19. BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRIA (Alexandria ,Egypt)
  20. 20. • Project Name: BibliothecaAlexandrina • Architect: Hamza Associates & Snohetta • Location: Alexandria , Egypt • Design period: 1989-2002 • Built-up area: 45000m2 • Site Area: 69,000m2 • Building Type: Educational • Structure: Reinforce concrete Statistics Site Analysis & Context Located on superb site on the historic eastern harbor of Alexandria.The project is located in the ancient royal quarter of the original Greek city.To the north is the coast road .To the south a street where some of the university's faculty buildings are located.Further buildings to the east and west. Design Concept The dominant image of the library is the elegant slanted disc , the symbolism of the rising sun is an apt choice.The sun disc has many echoes in Ancient Egyptian Mythology. It is apposite for the emergence of a new beacon of learning.
  21. 21. Emtedad DR:Abd Hamid Sayed 26 July El Gaish RD Ali Mustafa Sea Bridg Statue Planetarium Mosque of Abu Qasim Chandeliers university Chatby University Resort and spa El Alameni Faculty of Arts , Alexand uni College of Business Garden martyrs Mediterra nean sea East Harbor water Residential building Conference center Main roads Water outlets Buildings Around the library
  22. 22. Functions & structure • The granite southern wall• The sloping glazed roof • Planetarium • Reading area • Storage area • Skylight roof
  23. 23. 1. Reading Area 2. Storage Area 3. Digital Lab 4. Offices 5. Spine 4th Basement Floor Plan Storage Area Offices Readin g Area Lab
  24. 24. 3rd Basement Floor Plan 1. Reading Area 2. Storage Area 3. Training Lab 4. Computer Room 5. Arts & multimedia Library 6. Office 7. History Of Science Museum Storage Area Readin g Area Lab Com room Offices Museum Arts & multimedia a library
  25. 25. 2nd Basement Floor Plan 1. Reading Area 2. Storage Area 3. Print Shop 4. Staff Parking 5. Offices 6. Rare Books Storage Area Readin g Area Offices Rare books Print shop
  26. 26. 1st Basement Floor Plan 1. Meeting Rooms 2. Parking 3. Press Room 4. Planetarium 5. Alexeploratorium Storage AreaReadin g Area offices Rare books Print shop Museum Meeting room Exhibition
  27. 27. Readin g Areaentrance Net archive Hussein library Ground Floor Plan 1. Reading area 2. Internet archive 3. Hussein library
  28. 28. Reading Area Children library Young people library cafe 1st Floor Plan 1. Children library 2. Reading area 3. Young people library 4. cafe
  29. 29. SectionA-A (Facing west) Section B_B (Facing east)
  30. 30. SHARJAH PUBLIC LIBRARY (shj,UAE)
  31. 31. Statistics • Project Name: Sharjah public library • Architect: Department of culture and information • Location: Muailiah,Sharjah,UAE • Design period: 1972 • Built-up area: 20000m2 • Building Type: Educational • Structure: Reinforce concreteSite Analysis & Context The library surround by American University of sharjah, sharjah university and higher colleges of technology.There are main roads for the library . Design Concept To provide social place and source of knowledge that express the culture of UAE , using architecture and design factor.
  32. 32. Functions & structure • Open floors plan • Children area • Computer area • Reading area • Main concrete columns in the entrance • Concrete dome in the top The library contains three floors.The first floor is divided to hall (1)and hall (2) which includes all general books.The library provides activities for the following people(learners from all ages, children and special needs library).The space is organized to provide the comfort and quietness. The structure domes, columns, and arches reflects the Islamic architectural spirit and they use the concrete and glass for the material to express the culture dominance and that what appears in the elevation which express traditional style
  33. 33. 1. Offices 2. Seminar room 3. Conference 4. Toilets 5. Reception 6. Children library 7. Stairs , escalator, elevator Ground Floor Plan Children library conference offices reception
  34. 34. 1st Floor Plan 1. Store 2. Multimedia 3. Quite study room 4. Computers area Computers & reading area Store MultimediaQuite study room
  35. 35. 1. Main stacks and seating. 2. Printing room 2ed Floor Plan Main stacks and seating. Printin g room
  36. 36. Activity Daegu gosan ratio Bibliotheca alexandria ratio Sharjah ratio Recommend % Reading area 200sqm 6 1730 m2 3.8 3.2 Storage area - 756m2 6.7 60m2 0.3 2.3 offices 130sqm 4 16m2,12m2 0.03, 0.04 28.7m2 0.1 4.1 entrance 220sqm 6 200m2 0.4 33.0m2 0.16 2 Lab digital 240sqm 7.5 78m2 0.17 - 2 Language lab 40sqm 1 - - 0 Training lab - 48m2 0.1 - Computer room - 102m2 0.22 - Art &multimedia - 377m2 0.83 - Multipurpose / lecture hall 220sqm 6 - - 2 History room - 144m2 0.32 - Meeting room - 15m2 0.03 - parking - 227m2 0.5 Children / infant corner 260sqm 8 - 56.6m2 0.28 Multi cultural data 150sqm 4 - - General collection 300sqm 9 - - lounge 60sqm 1 - Main hall exhibition 269sqm 8 - - Rare books - 108m2 0.24 Print shop - 21m2 0.04 spin - 25m2 0.05 Seminar room 40sqm 1 - 40m2 0.2 0.2 Culture room 40sqm 1 - - Multipurpose room 100sqm 3.1 - - Machine room 100sqm 3.1 - cafe 100sqm 3.1 - -
  37. 37. Activity Daegu gosan ratio Bibliotheca alexandria ratio Sharjah ratio Recommen d% Study area 200sqm 6 - - Preservation room 240sqm 7.5 - Play ground 150sqm 4 Administration. - - 23m2 0.1 Hall for people with special - - 30m2 0.15 A hall containing Arabic and English periodicals. - - 16m2 0.08 Conference Room - - 30m2 0.15 Women’s /men internet room - - 36m2 0.18 quite zoon - - 50m2 0.25 Women’s /men payar room - - 30m2 0.15 Audio hall - - 36m2 0.18 Multi meadi - - 100m2 0.5 Contains specialized halls including: - - 60m2 0.3 Rooms used for searching for books. - - 60m2 0.3 Special room for ladies - - 30m2 0.15 Main stacks and seating - - 108m2 0.54 Bray area - - 40m2 0.2 Total 89.1 13.43 4.17  Spaces area for case studies
  38. 38. space capacity M2/person No. of space Total area Reception 5 0.9sq.m - 4.5sq.m Lobby 3500 0.07sq.m - 249sq.m Waiting area 100sq.m Toilet 40sq.m total 389.5 sq.m • Entrance : reception,lobby,waiting area, toilet space capacity M2/person No. of space Total area Exhibition permanent - - 1 566sq.m Exhibition contemporary - - 2 600sq.m lobby - - 1 94sq.m storage - - 2 169sq.m Rest area - - 1 50sq.m Toilet - - 2 40sq.m Total 1510sq.m • Gallery: exhibition permanent, exhibition contemporary, lobby,storage,rest area, toilet. space capacity M2/car No. of space Total area Parking 1000cars 15sq.m -- 1500sq.m total 1500sq.m • Parking  Total parking area =total area +circulation space capacity M2/person No. of space Total area Seating 800seats 0.75sq.m 1 600sq.m Stage - - 1 200sq.m Back stage - - 1 100sq.m storage - - 1 100sq.m Lobby - - 1 94sq.m Toilet - - 2 40sq.m Total 1134sq.m space capacity M2/person No. of space Total area Reception 20000 volume - - - Book collection space - - - 186sq.m Reader space (40 seats) - 149sq.m 5 895sq.m Staff work space - - - 93sq.m service - - - -260sq.m Total - - - 1434sq.m • library • Auditorium Standard data :
  39. 39. function Floor area m2 comment Adult lending 750 Plus 10% if exhibition area needed Adult reference - - Book stock Seating periodicals 200 375 100 Plus 20% overall for staff workrooms and offices Children's library Stack Staff room 350 100 180 Plus 20% overall for circulation area Total 2945 users Floor area m2 Student or general reader Research worker Carrel user Actual floor area occupied by reader at table 2.3 3.25 3.70 0.93 to 1.20 Type No Recommended Shelf depth Children's books Loan and fiction stocks in public library Literature and history, politics and economics Scientific and technical Medical Law 10-12 8 7 6 5 4 200-300 200 200 250 250 200 Public library serving population of 100000 Reader space requirements Books per 300 mm run of shelf
  40. 40. Site analysis
  41. 41. Context and References: 1. Introduction ( neufert architects data and building types books) 2. Case study: Daegu Gosan in koura public library (arc20.com) Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt (Graduation project 1-270589) Sharjah public library 3. Site analysis

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