Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Cite It Right!                 Winter 2012
Objectives• To understand why we cite• To understand how we cite• To understand the basics of APA
What is APA?     APA = American Psychological AssociationThe Publication Manual of the American PsychologicalAssociation i...
Why do we cite?“Scholarly communication is the entireset of activities that ensure thatresearch and new knowledge can bema...
Publication (Registration andCreation           Certification)                  Dissemination Manuscript & IP             ...
Why do we cite?• Citations demonstrate how you developed  your argument and ideas from the ideas of  others• Citations giv...
Why do we cite?• If you don’t acknowledge other people’s work,  words or ideas you commit plagiarism  “Penalties for plagi...
What do we cite?• Direct quotes• Paraphrases• Words or terminology specific to or unique to theauthor’s research, theories...
How do we cite?    Refer to APA resources to determine citation style.  Publication Manual of the American Psychological A...
How do we cite?In text citations: citations given in the body of the article, essay,paper, or assignment.Example:       (M...
How do we cite?From article by Xie and Peng (2009):In marketing literature, for example, Morgan and Hunt (1994) regard tru...
How do we cite?What is it?• Journal article• Book• Report                    Building blocks?What format?        • Author(...
How do we cite? Chapter in an edited book: Some APA rules to note• Authors: “invert all authors’ names; give surnames and ...
How do we cite?  Chapter in an edited book: Some APA rules to note• Book title: “Capitalize only the first word of the tit...
How do we cite?            Chapter in an edited book: CitationBonson, A. (2002). Jessie Nagle and Susan Nagle. In K. Carte...
How do we cite?• In text: “References … are cited in text with an author datecitation system” (APA, 2009, p. 174).• In tex...
How do we cite?What is it?• Journal article• Book              Building blocks?• Report            • Author(s)            ...
How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • Author: “Invert all authors names; give surnames...
How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • Journal title: “Give the periodical title in ful...
How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • “Provide the DOI, if one has been assigned to th...
How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • “In general, it is not necessary to include data...
How do we cite?               Journal article retrieved onlineAnderson, K., Durbin, E., & Salinger, M. (2008). Identity th...
How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to noteIn text: “When a work has two authors, cite both na...
How do we cite?    Journal article retrieved online: CitationInitial citation:(Anderson, Durbin, & Salinger, 2008)Anderson...
How do we cite?    Report retrieved online: Some APA rules to note• Group authors: “occasionally, a work will have as its ...
How do we cite?    Report retrieved online: Some APA rules to note• In text: “Many electronic sources do not provide page ...
How do we cite?                    Online report: CitationGu, W., & Wong, A. (2010). Estimates of human capital in Canada:...
How do we cite?         Reference list: Some APA rules to note• “Double-spaced and … entries have a hanging indent” (APA,2...
How do we cite?                                        ReferencesAnderson, K., Durbin, E., & Salinger, M. (2008). Identity...
Remember• Give credit where credit is due• Consult OC Library APA Citation Style guide• Consult APA Publication Manual• If...
ReferencesAmerican Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washin...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cite it Right!

54,184 views

Published on

Introduction to academic integrity and APA citation style. Prepare by librarians at Okanagan College.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Cite it Right!

  1. 1. Cite It Right! Winter 2012
  2. 2. Objectives• To understand why we cite• To understand how we cite• To understand the basics of APA
  3. 3. What is APA? APA = American Psychological AssociationThe Publication Manual of the American PsychologicalAssociation is a style manual that provides guidanceand standards in: • research ethics • the publication process • article format and presentation • AND
  4. 4. Why do we cite?“Scholarly communication is the entireset of activities that ensure thatresearch and new knowledge can bemade known” (DeFelice, 2009).
  5. 5. Publication (Registration andCreation Certification) Dissemination Manuscript & IP Editor Academic Publisher Library Peer Reviewers Reformulation
  6. 6. Why do we cite?• Citations demonstrate how you developed your argument and ideas from the ideas of others• Citations give credit where credit is due• Citations give the reader of your work a path to the sources you used, so they can investigate those sources if interested (Mohanty et al., 2009)
  7. 7. Why do we cite?• If you don’t acknowledge other people’s work, words or ideas you commit plagiarism “Penalties for plagiarism serve both to educate students about standards of scholarship and to deter deception and poor scholarly practices. Penalties will reflect the seriousness of the offence; including whether the offence was intentional or unintentional and whether it was a first or a repeat offence” (Okanagan College, 2010, Penalties section, para. 1 ).Okanagan College Academic Offenses regulations and policies
  8. 8. What do we cite?• Direct quotes• Paraphrases• Words or terminology specific to or unique to theauthor’s research, theories, or ideas• Use of an authors argument or line of thinking• Historical, statistical, or scientific facts• Graphs, drawings, etc.• Articles or studies you refer to in your work (Mohanty et al., 2009)
  9. 9. How do we cite? Refer to APA resources to determine citation style. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed., second printing Available at all OC Library campuses; Call no. BF 76.7 .P83 2009 OC Library APA style guide webpage • PDF and HTML versions of most common APA examples • Links to other APA resources Important: The APA manual is the definitive source of APA citationinformation. If a resource contradicts the manual – use the manual.
  10. 10. How do we cite?In text citations: citations given in the body of the article, essay,paper, or assignment.Example: (Morgan & Hunt, 1994) Morgan and Hunt (1994) noted that….Reference list citations: “provides the information necessary toidentify and retrieve each source” (APA, 2009, p. 180).Example:Morgan, R. M., & Hunt, S. D. (1994). The commitment-trust theory of relationship marketing. Journal of Marketing, 58, 20–38.
  11. 11. How do we cite?From article by Xie and Peng (2009):In marketing literature, for example, Morgan and Hunt (1994) regard trust as aprerequisite and a central factor for successful relationship marketing. Trust has beendefined both in connotative and evaluative terms, such as “a willingness to rely on anexchange partner in whom one has confidence” (Moorman, Zaltman, & Deshpande,1992, p. 315). References Moorman, C., Zaltman, G., & Deshpande, R. (1992). Relationships between providers and users of market research: The dynamics of trust within and between organizations. Journal of Marketing Research, 29, 314–328. Morgan, R. M., & Hunt, S. D. (1994). The commitment-trust theory of relationship marketing. Journal of Marketing, 58(3), 20–38.
  12. 12. How do we cite?What is it?• Journal article• Book• Report Building blocks?What format? • Author(s)• Print • Publication date• Electronic • Title • Publication information • Format-specific details (i.e. page numbers, doi)
  13. 13. How do we cite? Chapter in an edited book: Some APA rules to note• Authors: “invert all authors’ names; give surnames and initials for up toand including seven authors…” (APA, 2009, p. 184).• Chapter authors in edited book: invert the chapter authors’ names.• Publication date: “Give in parentheses the year the work was published”(APA, 2009, p. 185).• Chapter title: “Capitalize only the first word of the title and of thesubtitle…and any proper nouns” (APA, 2009, p. 185).• Do not invert book editors’ names … the name of the book editor shouldbe preceded by the word In” (APA, 2009, p. 184). Place (Ed.) or (Eds.)following editor(s).
  14. 14. How do we cite? Chapter in an edited book: Some APA rules to note• Book title: “Capitalize only the first word of the title and of thesubtitle…and any proper nouns; italicize the title” (APA, 2009, p. 185).• Publication Information: “Give the location… where the publisher is locatedas noted on the title page for books…use a colon after the location; finish theelement with a period” (APA, 2009, p. 186-187). Using city and province isacceptable.• Pagination: Include chapter page numbers (beginning and end).
  15. 15. How do we cite? Chapter in an edited book: CitationBonson, A. (2002). Jessie Nagle and Susan Nagle. In K. Carter (Ed.), The small details of life: Twenty diaries by women in Canada, 1830-1996 (pp. 119-122). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
  16. 16. How do we cite?• In text: “References … are cited in text with an author datecitation system” (APA, 2009, p. 174).• In text, direct quotes: “always provide the author, year, andspecific page citation or paragraph number for nonpaginatedmaterial” (APA, 2009, p. 170). (Bonson, 2002) According to Bonson (2002)… “direct quote” (Bonson, 2002, p. 120)
  17. 17. How do we cite?What is it?• Journal article• Book Building blocks?• Report • Author(s) • Publication dateWhat format? • Title• Print • Publication information• Electronic • Format-specific details (i.e. page numbers, doi)
  18. 18. How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • Author: “Invert all authors names; give surnames and initials for up to and including 7 authors” (APA, 2009, p. 184). • Publication date: “Give in parentheses the year the work was published” (APA, 2009, p. 185). • Article title: “Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns; do not italicize the title or place quotation marks around it” (APA, 2009, p. 185).
  19. 19. How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • Journal title: “Give the periodical title in full, in uppercase and lowercase letters. Italicize the name of the periodical” (APA, 2009, p. 185). • Publication Information: – “Give the volume number after the periodical title; italicize it (APA, 2009, p. 186). – “Include the journal issue number … along with the volume number if the journal is paginated separately by issue (APA, 2009, p. 186). – Give inclusive page numbers on the which the cited material appears” (APA, 2009, p. 186).
  20. 20. How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • “Provide the DOI, if one has been assigned to the content” (APA, 2009, p. 191). • “When a DOI is used, no further retrieval information is needed to identify or locate the content” (APA, 2009, p. 191). • What’s a DOI? • “If no DOI has been assigned to the content, provide the home page URL of the journal….If you accessing the article from a private database, you may need to do a quick web search to locate this URL” (APA, 2009, pp. 191-2).
  21. 21. How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to note • “In general, it is not necessary to include database information” (APA, 2009, p. 192). • “Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time” (APA, 2009, p. 192).
  22. 22. How do we cite? Journal article retrieved onlineAnderson, K., Durbin, E., & Salinger, M. (2008). Identity theft. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(2), 171-192. Retrieved from http://www.aeaweb.org/jep/index.php doi:10.1257/jep.22.2.171 No doi?
  23. 23. How do we cite?Journal article retrieved online: Some APA rules to noteIn text: “When a work has two authors, cite both names, every time the reference occurs in text. When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. …. and the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph” (APA, 2009, p. 175).
  24. 24. How do we cite? Journal article retrieved online: CitationInitial citation:(Anderson, Durbin, & Salinger, 2008)Anderson, Durbin, and Salinger (2008) found that…“direct quote” (Anderson, Durbin, & Salinger, 2008, p. 190)Subsequent:(Anderson et al., 2008)Anderson et al. (2008) found that…“direct quote” (Anderson et al., 2008, p. 190)
  25. 25. How do we cite? Report retrieved online: Some APA rules to note• Group authors: “occasionally, a work will have as its author an agency,association, or institution” (APA, 2009, p. 183).• Report titles: “Enclose additional information given on the publication forits identification and retrieval (e.g., edition, report number, volume number)in parentheses immediately after the title)” (APA, 2009, p. 185).• “When the author is also the publisher use Author to indicate thepublisher” (APA, 2009, p. 187). Statistics Canada. (1992). Ageing and independence (Catalogue No. 89-548-XPE). Ottawa, ON: Author.• “For reports retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrievalstatement unless the publisher as been identified as the author: Retrievedfrom Agency name website: http://www.xxxxx” (APA, 2009, p. 205).
  26. 26. How do we cite? Report retrieved online: Some APA rules to note• In text: “Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers. Ifparagraph numbers are visible, use them… Use the abbreviation para.” (APA,2009, p. 172).• “If the document includes headings and neither paragraph nor pagenumbers are visible, cite the heading and the number of the paragraphfollowing it to direct the reader to the location of the quoted material” (APA,2009, p. 172).• “In some cases … headings may be too unwieldy to cite in full. Instead, usea short title enclosed in quotation marks for the parenthetical citation” (APA,2009, p. 172).
  27. 27. How do we cite? Online report: CitationGu, W., & Wong, A. (2010). Estimates of human capital in Canada: The lifetime income approach (Catalogue No. 11F0027M, no. 062). Retrieved from Statistics Canada website http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0027m/11f0027m2010062 -eng.htm (Gu & Wong, 2010) Gu and Wong (2010) state that….. “direct quote” (Gu & Wong, 2010, “Main article, data sources section,” para. 2)
  28. 28. How do we cite? Reference list: Some APA rules to note• “Double-spaced and … entries have a hanging indent” (APA,2009, p. 180).• “Alphabetize by author surname” (APA, 2009, p. 181).• “References with the same authors in the same order arearranged by year of publication, the earliest first”(APA, 2009, p.182).
  29. 29. How do we cite? ReferencesAnderson, K., Durbin, E., & Salinger, M. (2008). Identity theft. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(2), 171-192. doi:10.1257 /jep.22.2.171Bonson, A. (2002). Jessie Nagle and Susan Nagle. In K. Carter (Ed.), The small details of life: Twenty diaries by women in Canada, 1830-1996 (pp. 119-122). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.Ethier, C. R., & Simmons, C. A. (2007). Introductory biomechanics: From cells to organisms [Ebrary version]. Retrieved from http://www.cambridge.orgGu, W., & Wong, A. (2010). Estimates of human capital in Canada: The lifetime income approach (Catalogue no. 11F0027M, no. 062). Retrieved from Statistics Canada website http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub /11f0027m/11f0027m2010062-eng.htmLangowitz, N. S. (2010). Small business leadership: Does being the founder matter? Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 23(1), 53-63. Retrieved from http://www.jsbe.com
  30. 30. Remember• Give credit where credit is due• Consult OC Library APA Citation Style guide• Consult APA Publication Manual• If you are unable to identify a specific example, use an example that is most like your source• OC Library Research Writing & Citing guide• Ask!
  31. 31. ReferencesAmerican Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: Author.Association of College and Research Libraries. (2009). ACRL scholarly communication 101: Starting with the basics [PowerPoint]. Retrieved from http://www.acrl.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/issues/scholcomm/docs/SC%20101%20Introduction.pptBarber, K , (Ed.). (2004a). cite. In The Canadian Oxford dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.oupcanada.com /reference_trade/dictionaries.htmlBarber, K , (Ed.). (2004b). citation. In The Canadian Oxford dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.oupcanada.com /reference_trade/dictionaries.htmlBarber, K , (Ed.). (2004c). plagiarize. In The Canadian Oxford dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.oupcanada.com /reference_trade/dictionaries.htmlDefelice, B. (2009). New models of scholarship & publishing. Retrieved from http://www.acrl.ala.org/scholcomm/node/7Mohanty , S., Orphanides, A., Rumble, J., Roberts, D., Norberg, L., Vassiliadis, K. (2009). University libraries citing information tutorial. Retrieved from http://www.lib.unc.edu /instruct/citations/introduction/Okanagan College. (2010). Academic offenses. Retrieved from http://webapps1.okanagan.bc.ca/ok/calendar /Calendar.aspx?page=AcademicOffensesXie, Y., & Peng, S. (2009). How to repair customer trust after negative publicity: The roles of competence, integrity, benevolence, and forgiveness. Psychology & Marketing, 26(7), 572-589. Retrieved from http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd- MAR.html LJ&RJ | 10/03/2011

×