Vernal Pool workshop - Northeast Ohio


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Presentation at the April vernal pool workshop given by David R. Celebreeze of the Ohio Environmental Council.

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Vernal Pool workshop - Northeast Ohio

  1. 1. Vernal Pool MonitoringWorkshopLorain County MetroParksApril 9, 2011David R. CelebrezzeDirector of Air & WaterSpecial Projects
  2. 2. Funding provided by:
  3. 3. In collaboration with:
  4. 4. Sponsors:
  5. 5. Donations from:
  6. 6. Who is the OEC?The Ohio Environmental Counciladvocates for healthy air, land,and water to make Ohio a betterplace in which to live, work, andplay.Promote policies based on soundscienceValue collaborationsWork through legislative andlegal action as well as on –the-ground assistance with variousgroups
  7. 7. OEC’s Ag & Water Program» Restoration/protection of Great Lakes» Mercury» Coal» Ditches» Wetlands» Statehouse» facilitate 5 watershed councils
  8. 8. OEC’s Vernal Pool Program» Raise awareness of vernal pools and the links that make it an integral part of a healthy ecosystem and improve quality of life.
  9. 9. OEC’s Vernal Pool Program» Ohio Vernal Pool Partnership (w/listserv) (» Curriculum» Educational video» Field guide» Workshops» On-line database» Waders in the water
  10. 10. What is a vernal pool? » Seasonal wetland that are separated from other bodies of water » Usually dry up by summer’s end » NO PREDATORY FISH!! » Meet hydric soil, hydrology, flora criteriaA mini ecosystem that plays out every spring. A small butdynamic, wetland that fills with water, blossoms with life andhosts a cacophony of sounds and a plethora of life forms everyspring, only to disappear into the forest floor every autumn.
  11. 11. American Bullfrog CaddisflyWood frog Predacious divingGreen frog beetle Who lives in a vernal pool?Northern Leopard frog Crawling water beetlePickerel frog Water scavengerGray Treefrog beetleSpring Peeper Whirligig beetleSpadefoot toad Common greenAmerican toad darnerFowler’s toad Black-tipped Water mitesSpotted salamander Dragonfly AmphipodMarbled salamander Yellow-legged IsopodBlue-spotted meadowhawk Fairy shrimpsalamander Common baskettails Clam shrimpJefferson salamander Frosted whiteface OstracodRe-spotted newt Four-spotted DaphniaFour-toed salamander Skimmer CopepodRedback salamander Backswimmers Amphibious snailsNorthern water snake Water boatman Fingernail clamEastern garter snake Water scorpion Horsehair wormRibbon snake Giant water bug PlanariaSpotted turtle Water strider LeechWood turtle Fishfly Aquatic oligochaeteBlanding’s turtle Mayfly worms Photo: L. Lee CernySnapping turtle Chironomid midge Swamp white oakEastern painted turtle Phantom midge Sweet pepperbushEastern box turtle Mosquito Three-way sedge Springtails
  12. 12. Who lives in a vernal pool?Tussock sedge Balsam firViburnum Beggar’s-ticks, stick-Water lilies tightsWhite oak BirchesWhite pine Black ashWhite spruce Black willowWillows Black spruceWinterberry Bladderwort Marsh fern Northern whiteWithered, wild raisin Bluejoint cedarYellow birch Box elder Pin oakSedges Bulrushes Pitch pineSensitive fern Burreed Poison ivySheepberry Buttonbush PondweedsSheep laurel Cardinal flower Red mapleSilver maple Catbriar Red spruceSmooth alder Cinnamon fern Reed canary grassStinging nettle Eastern cottonwood River birchSpeckled alder Green ash RushesSwamp loosestrife, Hemlock Mallard Duckwalter Willow Highbush blueberry Wood DuckAlders Leatherleaf RaccoonAmerican elm Maleberry Canada Geese Photo: Ray StewartArrowwood Manna grasses Snow GeeseAtlantic white cedar
  13. 13. Functions and Benefits» Flood control-process thousands (or millions) of gallons of storm water each year.» Mosquito control» Improves water quality» Educational opportunities» Recreational opportunities (photography)» Habitat to hundreds of species» Improves property values and quality of life
  14. 14. It starts early with plenty of room
  15. 15. Then it becomes crowded…
  16. 16. How to monitor a pool» Don’t trespass!» Always go in pair and/or carry a cell phone» Plan your trip during the day» Take pictures» Listen to the frog and toad call cd before heading out.» Become a vernal pool ambassador» Send a copy of the data to us
  17. 17. OEC’s on-line database» Check to see if any vernal pools are monitored in your area.» If a vernal pool may be impacted contact us to see if it has/is being monitored
  18. 18. How to monitor a pool» Dip net» Observation tray» Camera/video» Notepad» Forms will be gone over in small groups
  19. 19. How to find a vernal pool Ohio EPA map Check out National Wetland Inventory - www.fws.goc/nwi/ - Click on “wetlands mapper” - Next “Go to wetalnds mapper” - Click on map of the US - Find landowner via auditor websitePhoto: ODNR
  20. 20. Solutions: Ohio’s Vernal Pool Mitigation Program» Compensatory mitigation program» Developers who destroy a wetland must replace them» Focused on vernal pools to increase their numbers» If you have appropriate land you can enroll
  21. 21. Solutions: The OEC’s Vernal Pool Protection and Restoration Fund» Pay land owner to not impact pool» Monitor and educate for ten years» Need monitoring teams» Currently shell program-no funds
  22. 22. Wetlands quick overview
  23. 23. Wetlands- Historical Aspect » Original around 5,000,000 acres » Acreage lost: 4,517,200 » Less than 2% of Ohio is now wetlands90+%
  24. 24. Main Culprits» Poorly planned developments» Ignorance: » Vernal pools are dry by summer’s end» Illegal filling
  25. 25. Solutions: Ohio EPA 401 proposed rules» Every 5 years the Agency reviews the rules that govern how a permit to impact a wetland is issued/denied.» The OEC participated in the many wetland and stream external advisory groups» The good: » Performance standards for mitigated wetlands» The bad: » No avoidance language» The ugly: » Many wetlands are mitigated outside the watershed
  26. 26. Ohio EPA 401 permit applications» Sign up to mailing list » Contact Patti Smith at » Let her know you want to sign up for the 401 application notices for X county.» Submit comments (team up with your local watershed group)
  27. 27. How You Can Get Involved» Contact local watershed group» Join the OVPP listserv» Stay on top of legislation and take action on it by signing up for the OEC’s Action Alerts at 1207 Grandview Avenue, Suite 201 Columbus, OH 43212 (614) 487-7506 OEC