Protecting Groundwater Resources - OH Clean Water Conference
Local & RegionalMechanisms for Protecting Groundwater Resources Julie Weatherington-Rice, PhD Weatherington- Bennett & Williams OSU Food, Ag & Bio Engineering Ohio Fracture Flow Working Group An OFFWG Presentation
Presentation abstracted from: Fractured Tills, Ohio’s Ground Water Resources, and PublicPolicy Considerations Address by DRASTIC Maps Ohio Journal of Science Vol 106 (2):64-73, 2006 (2):64- Original concept for this paper (1998):Ava Hottman, Ohio EPA Ret. Surface Water & Earl Finbar Murphy, Ret. OSU Moritz College of Law
How Can We Protect Our Local Groundwater Resources -When contaminating land-use siting, land-permitting, and operation decisions aremade in Washington?In Columbus?At the Regional level?At the County seat?
Too Often We FeelPowerless to Make SoundLand-use DecisionsBecause the Power toDecide is Out of OurHandsTHEY Don’t have to LIVEwith the Outcome ofSiting, Permitting, andOperation Decisions…WeDo and it is OUR Waterthat Suffers.What Can We Do? Marjorie K Bender, Ohio Artist & Environmentalist, 2000
Who Calls the Shots?Federal Programs that Affect LocalGroundwater Quality Federal Highway Administration-FHA Administration- Federal Aviation Administration-FAA Administration- US Department of Defense-DOD Defense- US Department of Energy-DOE Energy- US Environmental Protection Agency-USEPA Agency- US Department of Agriculture-USDA Agriculture- US Geological Survey-USGS (Assists) Survey-
Some ExamplesUSEPASuperfundCleanup DOD – Wright Patterson Air ForceBowers Base – HistoricLandfill Landfills, Burn Pits,Pickaway Co. Aviation FuelOH Spills, etc.
Who Calls the Shots?State Programs that Affect Local GroundwaterQuality Ohio Department of Agriculture-ODA Agriculture- Ohio Department of Health-ODH Health- Ohio Environmental Protection Agency-OEPA Agency- Ohio Public Utilities Commission-PUCO Commission- Ohio Department of Transportation-ODOT Transportation- Bureau of Underground Storage Tanks-BUSTR Tanks- Ohio Department of Natural Resources- ODNR MRM Resources- Ohio Department of Natural Resources- ODNR Resources- (Assists)
Some Examples Managing Manure ODA CAFOsTipping WasteOEPA Landfills
Who Calls the Shots?Regional & County Programs that AffectLocal Groundwater Quality (& Quantity) Conservancy Districts– flood controls & Districts– reservoir recharge County Engineer’s Offices County Health Districts County Scale Zoning & Permit Review County Soil & Water Conservation Districts (Assists)
Some ExamplesRoad SaltCo. Engineer C&DD Landfill Co. Health Dist.
Tools to Fight BackSole Source Aquifer DesignationWellhead / Source Water ProtectionGround Water Pollution Potential (DRASTIC)MapsLocal Zoning Reviews & OverlaysThe Courts Administrative starting with ERAC Civil starting with Co. Court of Common Pleas, Federal District Court under the Clean Water Act
Sole Source Aquifer Designation Ohio ApplicationsProhibits Siting of Solid Waste Landfills - OhioEPA, may request variance from DirectorProhibits Siting of Construction & DemolitionDebris Landfills - Ohio EPA and Co. HealthDistricts, no variance permittedRequires double-walled underground storage double-tanks – BUSTRRequires Additional Engineering Design &/orGroundwater Monitoring for CAFO Lagoons andManure Storage Ponds - ODA
Wellhead-Wellhead-Source Water Protection Safe Drinking Water Act 1986/1996 AmendmentsMost Powerful Tool wehaveApplies to ~1350 GWSystems, Public SourcesonlyOhio EPA Delineated &Inventoried most of them in2 yearsTo Enhance Coverage andInventory List, May Well beWorth Redoing Privately
Wellhead-Wellhead-Source Water Protection Ohio Applications9 other potentially contaminating land-use land-applications are limited in Source WaterProtection Areas – OEPA, ODA, Co.Health Districts, BUSTRHas been effectively used for ZoningOverlays – City of DaytonNationally recognized applications limitlegal challengesCan include Future Well Fields
Ground Water Pollution Potential (DRASTIC) MapsWorks for a Contaminant Spilled on the GroundSurface that Moves with WaterFor “In-Ground” Applications, need to Modify “In- Remove “Soils” protection Reduce “Topography” to 0-2% slope 0- Reduce “Depth to Water” thickness by depth of pit May have to recalculate for a shallower aquiferFor Lagoons & Closed Landfills no longerpumped, may be overly optimistic, doesn’t workfor “standing water”
Ground Water Pollution Potential(DRASTIC) MapsMost of Ohio Availablefor Download and in aGIS Format as wellODNR Div. of Soil &Water Resources Linkwww.dnr.state.oh.us/default/tabid/3541/Default.aspx Web site checked July, 2011
Ground Water Pollution Potential (DRASTIC) MapsWhite Counties –Fractures IncludedGray Counties – Before(non-rock) FracturesIncludedBlack Counties – Still tobe Mapped (as of 2006)
Local Zoning Reviews & OverlaysDayton is the OhioSuccess StoryFirst WellheadProtection PlanApproved in Ohio, oneof First in USRelies heavily onZoning Ordinances,Overlays, & Reviews
The CourtsAdministrative, starting with EnvironmentalReview Appeals Commission – ERAC Danis Clarkco Solid Waste Landfill, Clark Co.Civil starting with County Court of CommonPleas Putnam Co. filed against Miller City Landfill Stark Co. filed against Uniontown Ind. Excess LandfillFederal District Court under the Clean Water Act Southdown Cement Kiln Dust Landfill, Greene Co. Mill Creek Deicing Contamination, Dayton International Airport
So You Want to ProtectYour Groundwater NOW! Where Do You Start???
Review Your Current SourceWater Protection AreaDetermine if it Needs to beExpandedExpand, Update Inventory ofCurrent Potential PollutionSourcesGet a Management Plan inPlace & Get it CertifiedCreate Overlay Zoning toProtect Your Current WaterSupplywww.epa.state.oh.us/ddagw/swap_protplan.aspx
Find Your Well Fields for the Next 100 Years ODNR Div. of Soil & Water Resources Can Help with New Mapping Programs Unconsolidated Aquifers Potentiometric Surface Maps Bedrock Aquiferswww.dnr.state.oh.us/tabid/3783/Default.aspx
Tie Up the Land in aCompatible Land Use toPreserve the WaterQuality for the FutureFind Natural Partners toShare the LandWater Conservancy DistrictsParks DepartmentsLand ConservanciesWatershed / Greenways Programs
Put in Test Wells &Monitoring WellsDetermine the 1 & 5 yearTime-of-TravelDefine Capture AreaEstablish Source WaterProtection Area & Get itCertifiedCreate Overlay Zoning toPreserve Your FutureGround Water ResourcesNeeds
Join with Your Neighborsto Review, Define, &Petition Sole SourceAquifer BoundariesSole Source AquiferBoundaries are LEGALlines on a Map and TheyHave Law EnforcementBehind ThemIf They Are in the WrongPlace, Protection is LostNew ODNR maps WillProvide NeededInformation to Check &Position SSA BoundariesCreate Overlay ZoningNOW & Revise AfterPetition Approved
Help Get Your Ground WaterPollution Potential MapCompleted / UpdatedODNR Div. of Soil & WaterResources has LIMITED Fundingfor Mapping EffortsODNR Plans to Map Whole StateBefore Starting County RevisionsWork with CountyCommissioners & OhioLegislators to Increase Fundingfor DRASTIC Mapping w/outReducing Funds for OtherODNR ProgramsCreate Overlay Zoning NOW to Web site checkedProtect Areas Currently July, 2011Vulnerable & Update When NewBoundaries Are Completed
Read More About What Programs are Available to Help You Fractured Till, Ohio’s Ground Water Resources, and Public Policy Considerations Addressed by DRASTIC Maps Julie Weatherington-Rice (B&W-OSU FABE), Ava Hottman (OEPA-SW Retired), Earl Finbar Murphy (OSU-Law Retired), Ann D. Christy (OSU FABE) & Michael Angle (ODNR DOGS) Paper in April 2006 Issuehttps://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/1811/36428/V106N2_64.pdf?sequence=1
Contacts for Ohio Journal ofScience Papers & this PresentationOhio DRASTIC Maps, ODNR DOW WaterResources, Jim Raab,firstname.lastname@example.orgODNR Div. of Geological Survey/OFFWG Survey/OFFWGMike Angle, email@example.comOhio Academy of Science, Lynn Elfner,Exec. Dir. firstname.lastname@example.orgOFFWG, Dr. Julie Weatherington-Rice, Weatherington-B&W, OSU FABE, weatheringtn- email@example.comOFFWG, Dr. Ann Christy, OSU FABE,firstname.lastname@example.org Keeping Ohio’s Water Clean Ohio Fracture Flow Working Group