1.) of cat family: belonging to or typical of animals of the cat family,
including lions, tigers, and domestic cats.
noun (plural fe·lines)
1.) member of cat family: an animal belonging to the cat family.
Domestic cats, lions, and tigers are felines.
[Late 17th century. < Latin felinus < feles "cat"]
is a member of Felidae that
contains the cougar (also known as the
puma, among other names) and
the jaguarundi, and may also include
several poorly known Old World fossil
representatives (for example, Puma
pardoides, or "Owen's panther," a large
cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pleistocene)
The (Lynx rufus) is a North American mammal of
the cat family Felidae, appearing during
the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years
ago (AEO). With 12 recognized subspecies, it
ranges from southern Canada to northern Mexico,
including most of the continental United States.
The bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits
wooded areas, as well as semidesert, urban edge,
forest edges, and swampland environments. It
persists in much of its original range, and
populations are healthy.
The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a mediumsized cat native
to European and Siberian forests, South
Asia and East Asia. It is also known as the
European lynx, common lynx, the northern lynx,
and the Siberian or Russian lynx. While
its conservation status has been classified as "Least
Concern", populations of Eurasian lynx have been
reduced or extirpated from western Europe, where
it is now being reintroduced.
The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) or Canadian
lynx is a North American mammal of the cat
family, Felidae. It is a close relative of the Eurasian
Lynx (Lynx lynx). However, in some characteristics the
Canada lynx is more like the bobcat (Lynx rufus) than
the Eurasian Lynx. With the recognised subspecies, it
ranges acrossCanada and into Alaska as well as some
parts of the northern United States.
The Margay (Leopardus wiedii) is a spotted cat native
to the Americas. Named after Prince Maximilian of
Wied-Neuwied, it is a solitary and nocturnal
anima that prefers remote sections of the rainforest.
Although it was once believed to
be vulnerable to extinction, the IUCN now lists it as
"Near Threatened". It roams the rainforests
from Mexico to Argentina. They are hunted mainly for
their fur and this has resulted in a large population
decrease, they average at around 14,000 killed a year.
The loss of habitat they suffer from is also a significant
part of this decline.
The Pampas cat (Leopardus pajeros) is a
small feline from Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecua
dor, and possibly far southwestern Colombia. It is
named after the Pampas, but occurs
in grassland, shrubland, and dry forest at elevations up
to 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).
Geoffroy's cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) is a
wild cat native to the southern and central regions
of South America. It is about the size of a
domestic cat. While the species is relatively
common in many areas, it is considered to
be Near Threatened by IUCN because of concern
over land-use changes in the regions where it
The kodkod (Leopardus guigna), also
called guiña, is the smallest cat in
the Americas and also has the smallest
distribution, being found primarily in central and
southern Chile and marginally in adjoining areas
of Argentina. In 2002, the IUCN classified the
kodkod as Vulnerable as the total effective
population size may be fewer than 10,000 mature
individuals, with a declining trend due to habitat
and prey base loss and persecution, and no
subpopulation having an effective population size
larger than 1,000 mature breeding individuals.
The Colocolo (Leopardus colocolo) is a small
spotted and striped cat native to the
west Andean slope in central and
northern Chile. Until recently it included the more
widespread Pampas Cat (L. pajeros)
and Pantanal Cat (L. braccatus), and some
maintain these as subspecies of the
Colocolo. Confusingly, when these are treated
as subspecies of the Colocolo, the "combined"
species is sometimes referred to as the Pampas
The Pantanal cat (Leopardus braccatus) is a
small feline of tropical South America. It is named
after the Pantanal wetlands in central South America,
but mainly occurs
in grassland, shrubland, savannas and deciduous for
ests. It has traditionally been treated as
a subspecies of the larger colocolo, but was split
primarily based on differences
in pelage colour/pattern
and cranial measurements.This split is not supported
by genetic work, leading some authorities to maintain
that it is a subspecies of the colocolo,although others
regard it as "likely [a] distinct species", and the
validity of the genetic work has been questioned.
The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small
cat found throughout most of Africa, Europe,
and southwest and central
Asia into India, China, and Mongolia.
Because of its wide range, it is classed by
the IUCN as Least Concern.
However, crossbreeding with housecats is
extensive and has occurred throughout
almost the entirety of the species' range.
The black-footed cat (Felis nigripes) is the
smallest African cat, and is endemic in the
south west arid zone of the
southern African subregion. It is one of the
lesser studied African carnivores, and is
listed as Vulnerable by IUCN since 2002.
sand cat (Felis margarita), also known as
the sand dune cat, is the only felid found
primarily in true desert, and has a wide but
apparently disjunct distribution through the
deserts of northern
Africa and southwest and central Asia. Since
2002 this small cat has been listed as Near
Threatened by IUCN due to concern over
potential low population size and decline.
The jungle cat (Felis chaus) is a mediumsized cat native to Asia from southern China in
the east through Southeast and Central Asia to
the Nile Valley in the west. It is listed as Least
Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened
Species as it is widespread and common
particularly in India. Population declines and
range contraction are of concern, particularly
in Egypt, in the Caucasus, and in southwestern,
Central and Southeast Asia.
Geographic variation in the jungle cat is quite
considerable. Due to the small tuft on the ears it
is also called the jungle lynx, though it is not a
member of the Lynx genus
Chinese mountain cat (Felis bieti), also
known as the Chinese desert cat and
the Chinese steppe cat, is a wild cat of
western China that has been classified
as Vulnerable by IUCN, as the effective
population size may be fewer than 10,000
mature breeding individuals.
The Siamese (Thai:
, RTGS: Wichianmat) is one of the first
distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental
cat. The breed originated
in Thailand (formerly known as Siam),
where they are one of several native
breeds and are called Wichian
, a name meaning "moon
diamond"). In the 20th century the
Siamese cat became one of the most
popular breeds in Europe and North
The Sphynx is a breed of cat known
for its lack of a coat.
The contemporary breed of Sphynx is
known also as the Canadian
Sphynx, which is distinct from the
Russian Sphynx breeds
like Peterbald and Don Sphynx.
The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue
eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a
large and muscular semi-longhair cat
with a soft and silky coat. Developed
byAmerican breeder Ann Baker, it is best
known for its docile and placid
temperament and affectionate nature.
The name "Ragdoll" is derived from the
tendency of individuals from the original
breeding stock to go limp and relaxed
when picked up.
The Persian is a long-haired breed
of cat characterized by its round face and
shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia,
the former name of Iran, where similar cats are
found.[dubious – discuss] Recognized by
the cat fancy since the late 19th century, it was
developed first by the English, and then mainly
by American breeders after the Second World
War. In Britain, it is called
the Longhair or Persian Longhair
The Savannah is a domestic hybrid cat breed.
It is a cross between a serval and a domestic
The Munchkin is a relatively new breed of
cat characterized by its very short legs, which
are caused by a naturally occurring
genetic mutation. It has been named after the
"munchkin" doughnut. Much controversy
erupted over the breed when it was
recognized by The International Cat
Association in 1995 with critics voicing
concern over potential health and mobility
The British Shorthair is a domesticated cat whose
features make it a popular breed in cat shows. It
has been the most popular breed of cat registered
by the UK's Governing Council of the Cat
Fancy (GCCF) since 2001, when it overtook
the Persian breed.
The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat with a natural
dominant-gene mutation that makes its
ear cartilage contain a fold, causing the ears to
bend forward and down towards the front of their
head, which gives the cat what is often described
as an "owl-like" appearance.
The Turkish Angora (Turkish: Ankara kedisi, 'Ankara
cat') is a breed of domestic cat. Turkish Angoras are
one of the ancient, natural breeds of cat, having
originated in central Turkey, in the Ankara region
(historically known as Angora). The breed has been
documented as early as the 1600s and is believed
to be the origin of the mutations for both the
coloration white (the dominant white gene is in truth
the absence of color) and long hair. The breed is
also sometimes referred to as simply
the Angora or Ankara cat.
The Siberian is a domestic cat breed that has
been present in Russia for centuries. A longer
name of the breed is Siberian Forest Cat, but
it is usually referred to as the Siberian or the
Siberian cat. Another name for it is the
The Russian Blue is a cat breed that has a
silver-blue coat. They are very intelligent and
playful, but tend to be shy around strangers.
They develop close bonds with their human
companions and are sought out as pets due
to their personalities and coat.
The Burmese (Thai:
RTGS: Suphalak meaning fortunate,
beautiful, and splendid appearance) is
a breed of domesticated cats split into two
subgroups: the American Burmese and the
British Burmese (and are not to be confused
with "Sacred Cat of Burma," in respect of
which, see Birman).
The Birman, also called the "Sacred Cat
of Burma", is a domestic cat breed. It
should not be confused with
the Burmese, which is a dissimilar breed.
The Birman has medium-long hair, a pale
colored body with darker points and
deep blue eyes. Even though the cat is
pointed, the paws have white gloves.
The Abyssinian is a breed of
domesticated cat with a distinctive
ticked coat. There are many stories
about its origins, often revolving
around Ethiopia, but the actual origins
are uncertain. The Abyssinian has
become one of the most popular breeds
of shorthair cat in the USA.
The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat
developed to be a shorthaired version of
the Persian. The Exotic Shorthair is similar
to the Persian in many ways, including
temperament and conformation with
the exception of the short dense coat. It
has even inherited much of the Persian's
Himalayan (a.k.a. Himalayan Persian,
or Colourpoint Persian as it is commonly
referred to in Europe), is a breed or subbreed of long-haired cat identical in type
to the Persian, with the exception of its
blue eyes and its point colouration, which
were derived from crossing the Persian
with the Siamese.