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An evidence-informed system – an evidence-informed inspectorate

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Daniel Muijs, Head of Research, Ofsted, discusses the importance of evidence and research in the inspection process and education system.

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An evidence-informed system – an evidence-informed inspectorate

  1. 1. An evidence-informed system – an evidence-informed inspectorate Daniel Muijs Head of Research, Ofsted @ProfDanielMuijs An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 1
  2. 2. Being evidence informed is a moral duty  Some things work better than others  We have evidence on what works  Using this evidence is a social justice issue  But:  we don’t know everything  evidence needs to be translated into school and classroom contexts An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 2
  3. 3. Do we have evidence on what works?  We do!  A lot of evidence on effective teaching  Robust findings in a number of key areas  Significant evidence on effective schools  But:  We don’t know everything – evidence base differs among areas  Evidence needs to be translated into school and classroom contexts  Evidence may be contextual: ‘what works where, under what circumstances’ (Dylan William)  But again, some things work under most circumstances, some under few An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 3
  4. 4. The education landscape  Positive steps…  Research schools  Research leads  Bloggers  Edutwitter  Conferences  Investment in rigorous research  Mediating organisations (e.g. TDT, EEF, CCT)…  …and publications An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 4
  5. 5. The education landscape  But still a way to go…  Fads  Naïve understanding of research  Not using what we know  Anti-empiricism  Investment not systematic  Mixed engagement An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 5
  6. 6. What more can we do?  Invest further in intermediation  Ensure that research is baked-in to the profession (time!)  Support!  Collaborate!  Advocate! An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 6
  7. 7. Evidence-informed inspection  Not just teachers, but the system as a whole needs to be research-informed  E.g. ITE, policy and of course inspection  Evidence-informed inspection at Ofsted  Evaluating what we do  Research to inform our activities  An intelligent inspectorate:  Valid measures  Aggregation of insights  A skilled workforce An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 7
  8. 8. Evidence-informed inspection  Valid measures:  Conducting research into lesson observation, what happens on inspection, evaluation programme  Aggregation of insights  Providing a bird’s eye view of education and social care  A skilled workforce  Working with the inspectorate in all our project  We have a large-scale research and evaluation programme An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 8
  9. 9. The research programme  Two-year programme (18-19) agreed with our executive board  Around 20 research and evaluation projects  Cross-remit  Linked to strategic priorities, e.g. curriculum, education inspection framework 2019 An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 9
  10. 10. Our approach to research  No one method – mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches depending on project needs  Co-construction with inspectors throughout the projects  Each project co-led by a research lead and an HMI lead  HMIs collaborate on instrument development, lead on visits, and provide key insight  Work collaboratively with researchers An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 10
  11. 11. Research and inspection  Informing the new inspection framework: some examples  Educational effectiveness  Curriculum  Observation An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 11
  12. 12. Educational effectiveness  We conducted a review of educational effectiveness research  Evidence reviewed on  Teaching  Leadership  Other school-level factors (e.g. behaviour, culture)  Strength of evidence in different remits  Informing development of criteria  Shadowing of inspections  This will feed into review of criteria An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 12
  13. 13. Observation  International seminar held looking at six international models  What can Ofsted learn from international best practice in the use of lesson observation for the evaluation and improvement of teaching quality?  What changes should Ofsted consider in revising its inspection framework?  Findings suggest that we need to look at our practice, but not follow international models  Support for school- rather than classroom-level approach  Models to be developed and tested in Autumn An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 13
  14. 14. Curriculum  Large-scale research programme on curriculum  Three phases to date  Phase 1: 40 schools visited in the summer term 2017  Key findings:  schools often lacked knowledge and expertise in curriculum design  no common language around curriculum  curriculum narrowing  teaching to the test  curriculum access not always for all An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 14
  15. 15. Primary and secondary curriculum  Phase 2 – 23 schools visited, selected on the basis that they were particularly invested in curriculum development  How do curriculum leaders perceive knowledge within their curriculum? Is there a common curriculum language shared by leaders?  HMI and researchers carried out a two-hour discussion forum with curriculum experts at each school. Numbers participating varied between two members of staff to 10 experts An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 15
  16. 16. Final words  We have a moral duty to be evidence informed, as a profession and as a system.  Research-informed means exactly that: informing, not determining! This is true for inspection as well as schools.  As a system, we need to invest in research, learning from the best of what exists, and building on that. An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 16
  17. 17. Ofsted on the web and on social media www.gov.uk/ofsted https://reports.ofsted.gov.uk www.linkedin.com/company/ofsted www.youtube.com/ofstednews www.slideshare.net/ofstednews www.twitter.com/ofstednews An evidence-informed system - Research Schools Network national conference - July 18 Slide 17

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