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Developing Sustainable Tourism Practices and
Policies in Indigenous Communities of
Mexico, Ecuador, and Chile
‘Indigenous people are the existing descendants of the
original people inhabiting a particular region or
country’ (BSR, 20...
• Linkage the tourism industry sub-sectors connect
with each other (economically)
• Leakage the proportion of the tourism ...
Research Objectives
• Analyze linkages between indigenous
people, ecotourism and sustainable development
• Identify driver...
Research Sites
Country: Mexico
State: Hidalgo
Indigenous peoples: Hña Hñu
Case studies:
1. The Grand Canyon Ecoalberto
2. ...
Country: Ecuador
Location: Tena, Napo
Province,
Amanzon
Indigenous peoples:
Kichwas
Case studies:
1. Chuva Urku Community
...
Country: Chile
Location: Puyehue National Park
Lakes Region, the Andes
Indigenous peoples: Huiliche-Mapuche
Case studies:
...
Value-chain Framework
Value-chain describes all activities involved in
producing a good or service and bringing to
consump...
Value-chain Analysis Framework
Pre-arrival Transport Hospitality Attraction
Service Service
Research methods
1. Mapping the Value-chain (value-chain
analysis)
2. Analyze linkages
3. Assessing barriers
“The earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth”
Chief Seattle
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Developing Sustainable Tourism practices in Latin America

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  1. 1. Developing Sustainable Tourism Practices and Policies in Indigenous Communities of Mexico, Ecuador, and Chile
  2. 2. ‘Indigenous people are the existing descendants of the original people inhabiting a particular region or country’ (BSR, 2003) Sustainable tourism is tourism attempting to make as low impact on the environmental local culture as possible, while helping to generate future employment for local people. (Weaver, 2006)
  3. 3. • Linkage the tourism industry sub-sectors connect with each other (economically) • Leakage the proportion of the tourism spending that accrues outside the destination • Multiplier a measure of secondary effects of a tourists’ spending
  4. 4. Research Objectives • Analyze linkages between indigenous people, ecotourism and sustainable development • Identify drivers and barriers to MSE participation by using the value-chain analysis • Develop an outline of lessons learned from the fieldwork research and analyze what may be relevant to others in Latin America.
  5. 5. Research Sites Country: Mexico State: Hidalgo Indigenous peoples: Hña Hñu Case studies: 1. The Grand Canyon Ecoalberto 2. Xoxafi Caves
  6. 6. Country: Ecuador Location: Tena, Napo Province, Amanzon Indigenous peoples: Kichwas Case studies: 1. Chuva Urku Community 2. Machacuyaku
  7. 7. Country: Chile Location: Puyehue National Park Lakes Region, the Andes Indigenous peoples: Huiliche-Mapuche Case studies: 1. Mawidan-Chen Community 2. Calfuco Las Parras Community
  8. 8. Value-chain Framework Value-chain describes all activities involved in producing a good or service and bringing to consumption (Ashley and Mitchell, 2008). Small farmers Food processers Fruit + vegetables + wholesales Support institutions
  9. 9. Value-chain Analysis Framework Pre-arrival Transport Hospitality Attraction Service Service
  10. 10. Research methods 1. Mapping the Value-chain (value-chain analysis) 2. Analyze linkages 3. Assessing barriers
  11. 11. “The earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth” Chief Seattle

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