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Ecotourism

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Ecotourism
Ecotourism
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Ecotourism

  1. 1. Ecotourism Week 1 - The Nature of Ecotourism
  2. 2. Outline • What is ecotourism? The limits of definition • Ecotourism: its relationship to mainstream tourism and ‘alternative tourisms’. • The philosophical basis of ecotourism: ecology and human ecology. • Problems and potentials: feeling good or genuinely doing good through tourism.
  3. 3. Learning Outcomes • To understand what ecotourism is and how it interacts with other with other sectors, including the mainstream tourism industry. • To examine and understand the problems associate with ecotourism definitions and how this affects estimates of is growth potential.
  4. 4. Ecotourism in Images: ‘Return to paradise’ syndrome.
  5. 5. Ecotourism in Images:
  6. 6. Ecotourism in Images: Doing good and/or feeling good? Mediating between modern tourist requirements and the natural world.
  7. 7. Exercise and Discussion – What does ecotourism mean to you? What do you think of when you hear the term ecotourism? Is it different from the images and words we have just examined? – Do you have an image of the kind of person who is an ecotourist? Are you an actual, or potential ecotourist? What attracts/repels you in the idea?
  8. 8. What is Ecotourism?
  9. 9. environmentally responsible, enlightening travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and any accompanying cultural features both past and present) that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact, and provides for beneficially active socio- economic involvement of local populations” (Ceballos-Lascurain, 1987) “Ecotourism “Ecotourism is a sustainable form of natural resource-based tourism that focuses primarily on experiencing and learning about nature, and which is ethically managed to be low-impact, non-consumptive, and locally oriented (control, benefits, and scale). It typically occurs in natural areas, and should contribute to the conservation or preservation of such areas”. (Fennell, D., 1999 p.43)
  10. 10. ● Elements of definition: – Responsible travel (UNWTO code) – Natural areas and nature – Conservation oriented – Local community oriented The International Ecotourism Society Definition
  11. 11. http://www.ecotourism.org http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_y55iQSb2k Video
  12. 12. From principles to inculcating a mindset in tourism
  13. 13. Components of Ecotourism • The natural-based component • Sustainability component • Educational component
  14. 14. Exercise and Discussion – How would you define ‘Ecotourism'? – write down a short definition, make sure to include its ‘principles and components’.
  15. 15. Ecotourism and Mainstream Tourism • Ecotourism is often seen as being in some kind of ‘opposition’ to mainstream tourism. • It is not the only kind of tourism to be opposed to mainstream tourism • Several kind of tourism are seen as alternatives to mainstream tourism – Each has its own distinguishing feature, which marks it out from the mainstream
  16. 16. Alternative Tourism • How do each of these forms of tourism mark themselves out as different from mainstream • Are there any problems with this mass vs alternative view
  17. 17. Features of Alternative Tourism • Preservation and enhancement of resource based of tourism • Fostering and promotion of development of destination sympathetic to local area and community. • Minimize impacts on the environment. • Dual emphasis on environmental and cultural sustainability. • Ecotourism ‘inherits’ each of these properties and adds its own ‘natural world’ orientation.
  18. 18. Ecotourism and Nature ● Not all 'nature-based tourism' is ecotourism ● Activities of ecotourism in a natural setting: – Are dependent on nature (e.g. watching wildlife) – Are enhanced by nature (e.g. walking, camping) – Use nature as a setting (e.g. zip wire rides, swimming) ● Ecotourism adds a conservationist, low-impact, community-oriented, etc. dimension to nature- based tourism (see next slide).
  19. 19. Relationship o ecotourism to o forms of touris
  20. 20. Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism ● Environmentally sustainable tourism: – Tourism developed and maintained in an area so that it is viable over an indefinite period and does not degrade or alter the environment in such a way that it inhibits development or the well-being of other activities and processes. – An essential aim of ecotourism (it may not always succeed); but may be true of other forms of tourism.
  21. 21. Ecotourism and Ecology ● The 'eco' in ecotourism relates to the science of ecology: – Recognition that the natural environment (living and non-living) forms a complex system (or set of systems), whose elements are interdependent. – Human interventions may disrupt the balance and functioning of these systems.
  22. 22. Make a distinction between popular images of ecology and ecology as a disciplined science. It is important that ecotourism practices are based on sound evidence, rather than a 'green' image.
  23. 23. Ecotourism and Ecology ● Ecology also recognises that human society is part of the 'natural system'. – Societies, cultures and ways of life may also be disrupted by outside interventions – with knock-on effects on the ecosystems in which they are embedded. – Ecology also tries to understand traditional ways of life and their contribution to the functioning of the 'natural system'. ● This aspect is reflected is reflected in ecotourism's concern with local communities and their traditional ways of life.
  24. 24. Ecotourism: local communities and ways of life.
  25. 25. Ecotourism: Summing Up ● It involves travel to relatively undisturbed or protected natural areas. ● It is nature-based, and concerned with the flora, fauna, geology and ecosystems of an area (and with local communities). ● It is conservation-led, and is based on environmental and cultural awareness. This may involve direct involvement in local projects. ● It is educative (scientifically or culturally), ecotourists seek to add to their understanding of the world.
  26. 26. Group Exercise ● As a group, we will explore a set of websites offering ecotourism products. ● For each website and ecotourism product, we will try to assess whether the product meets the definitions of ecotourism we have discussed. ● We have 4 products to examine, 2 in Africa, 1 in Nepal and 1 in India.
  27. 27. http://www.dolmatours.com/ http://www.dolmafund.org/
  28. 28. http://www.maasaiwilderness.org/our-programs/tourism-wildlife-pay
  29. 29. http://www.inntravel.co.uk/holidays/community-tourism/how-our-holidays-work http://www.inntravel.co.uk/Destinations/India/Village-Ways

Editor's Notes

  • In the academia there are more than enough definitions; since the term was born there have been significant discussions about its real meaning.
    Ecotourism is considered to be a branch of sustainable tourism and often identified as a more sustainable form of nature that comprises cultural and rural attributes as well.
  • The term was first coined by the environmentalist Ceballos-Lascurais in Mexico City, in1983, he defined tourism as: R
    Then came others as Fennell, in 1999 with even longer definitions. R
  • But, then TIES “the international ….’ came up with what you can call an universal (and way shorter definition). R – I like this one better.
  • Mainstream tourism is the predominant tourism that is practiced.
    R

    *Definition of mainstream is: dominant, standard, average, popular, predominant.
  • The world “Alternative’ means: opposite, different, another.
    Therefore, alternative tourism is the contrary of ‘that’ which is negative about conventional tourism. It combines tourist services or/and products different in meanings of supply
    Examples: hiking, trekking, biking, snowshoeing, diving, rural tourism, ecotourism, volunteer t, ethnography t, etc.
    R

    *Mass tourism is a form of tourism that involves thousand of people going to the same resort/place/venue often at the same time of the year.
    E.g. 3S, all inclusive, theme and water parks.
  • R
  • Ecotourism and nature
    It is important to know that
    R
  • Ecology is the study of the interaction of people with their environment, due to this,
    The eco… R
    Only by understanding the function of these systems and potential impacts of our actions we can manage our relationship with the environment.
  • R
    There are plenty of services/products in the market that claim to be green… but are they?
    Going green seem to be the latest trend but, how can we tell which one is and which one is not? –question ask students
    We well see more on that in later on….

    *certification
  • So R…
  • Ecotourism is an effective vehicle for empowering local people:

    Gives them pride towards their culture,
    Encourages conservation,
    Protects the environment
    Boots the economy
    It can be used as a tool to fight poverty
  • Some extra ecotourism definitions…
  • R
  • Exercise…
    For next class look at the websites and we will discussed in class as a group.

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