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Giuditta De Prato & Daniel Nepelski
Institute for Prospective Technological Studies - IPTS
Joint Research Centre - Europea...
IPTS
Part of the JRC of the EC
Mission
“to provide customer-driven
support to the EU policy-making
process by developing
s...
EIPE project description
Mapping ICT in the EU
The anatomy of EIPE
Some implications
Overview
3
EIPE project description
Mapping ICT in the EU
The anatomy of EIPE
Some implications
Overview
4
Economic activity unevenly distributed (Krugman, 1991)
Economic regions with most production will be more profitable
and w...
Research concepts
Mapping and connecting the dots
• Where are the European poles of ICT activity?
• What roles do they play in the global co...
8
European ICT Poles of Excellence are
Definition
geographical agglomerations
of best performing
ICT
R&D, innovation & bus...
BusinessInnovationR&D
Agglomeration
Internationalisation
Networking
ICT Activities
CharacteristicsofICT
activities
Methodo...
1. R&D centre location (HIS iSuppli)
2. REGPAT (EPO/OECD)
3. QS World University Ranking
4. ORBIS (Bureau van Dijk)
5. Eur...
Generating the EIPE
Identity Card of each
of the 1303 regions
Methodological
framework
ICT R&D
Agglomeration
indicators
ICT R&D
Internationalisation
indicators
ICT R&D
Networking
indicators
ICT Innovation
Aggl...
Within a framework supported by literature
we developed a method
processed heterogeneous databases
covering the whole of E...
14
The outcome
EIPE tool
Concepts
Methods
Information &
data
A monitoring tool to measure and assess
the ICT activity in E...
EIPE project description
Mapping ICT in the EU
The anatomy of EIPE
Some implications
Overview
15
Mapping ICT in EU
http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
Mapping ICT in EU
http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
ICT R&D
sub-indicator
Mapping ICT in EU
http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
ICT Innovation
sub-indicator
Mapping ICT in EU
http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
ICT Business activity
sub-indicator
Mapping ICT in EU
20http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
201
454
327
124
72
52
25
11 8 8 3 7 2 3 2 1 3
0
100
200
300
400
500
Frequency
0 20 40 60 80 100
21
Mapping ICT in EU
EIPE ...
Mapping ICT in EU
22
The results are available as:
‣ The ATLAS ‣ The online mapping tool
The ATLAS of ICT activity in Europe
23
http://is.jrc.e...
EIPE project description
Mapping ICT in the EU
The anatomy of EIPE
Some implications
Overview
24
25
1
The anatomy of EIPE
New investments by activity
London
Darmstadt
Paris
Dublin
Copenhagen
The anatomy of EIPE
27
The anatomy of EIPE
Paris: ~7% of the total FP7 budget
Darmstadt:
0.2% of the EU Venture
Capital funding
(0.03% of the ...
28
The anatomy of EIPE
• Very strong concentration of R&D financing in
terms of
• Location,
• Actors,
• Activities
• Money...
29
The anatomy of EIPE
Darmstadt:
internationalisation of
ICT innovation
>10% of patents cover inventions
developed jointl...
30
The anatomy of EIPE
• Intensive internationalisation of all types of
activities
• However, one size does not fit all
• ...
31
The anatomy of EIPE
32
The anatomy of EIPE
• Complex web of connections
• Various roles, positions, …
• Different network structures emerging ...
EIPE project description
Mapping ICT in the EU
The anatomy of EIPE
Some implications
Overview
33
 A very concentrated landscape
 Consistent with theory of agglomeration and method
 R&D, Innovation and business activi...
35
Questions?
Thank
you!
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European ICT Poles of Excellence

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Participation by Daniel Nepelski (IPTS) at the I Workshop of Innovation and Strategy VLC / CAMPUS Program : “The advancement of knowledge-based activities: analysis, experiences and challenges”

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European ICT Poles of Excellence

  1. 1. Giuditta De Prato & Daniel Nepelski Institute for Prospective Technological Studies - IPTS Joint Research Centre - European Commission www.jrc.es / is.jrc.es Disclaimer: The views expressed are those of the presenter and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of this presentation. Polos de excelencia en las TIC europeas La geografía de las TIC y sus implicaciones JRC-IPTS / CONNECT joint project nr 31786-2010-06 http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/EIPE.html
  2. 2. IPTS Part of the JRC of the EC Mission “to provide customer-driven support to the EU policy-making process by developing science-based responses to policy challenges that have both a socio-economic as well as a scientific/technological dimension” European Commission – Joint Research Centre Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)
  3. 3. EIPE project description Mapping ICT in the EU The anatomy of EIPE Some implications Overview 3
  4. 4. EIPE project description Mapping ICT in the EU The anatomy of EIPE Some implications Overview 4
  5. 5. Economic activity unevenly distributed (Krugman, 1991) Economic regions with most production will be more profitable and will attract even more production Dependency and interactions between locations • Linkages between heterogeneous locations (Lahiri, 2010; Nieto & Rodriguez, 2011; Sachwald, 2008) • Hubs and spokes of trade, R&D and innovation (De Benedictis & Tajoli, 2011; De Prato & Nepelski, 2012) • The level of connectedness determines a location’s position in the global hierarchy (Cantwell & Janne, 1999; Meyer, Mudambi, & Narula, 2011). Research concepts
  6. 6. Research concepts
  7. 7. Mapping and connecting the dots • Where are the European poles of ICT activity? • What roles do they play in the global context? But before • What is an EIPE? • What are the characteristics and the corresponding quantitative indicators of EIPEs? • How to identify them? Research concepts European ICT Poles of Excellence
  8. 8. 8 European ICT Poles of Excellence are Definition geographical agglomerations of best performing ICT R&D, innovation & business activities, located in the EU, that exert a central role in global networks
  9. 9. BusinessInnovationR&D Agglomeration Internationalisation Networking ICT Activities CharacteristicsofICT activities Methodological framework Crépon, Duguet & Mairesse – CDM – Model (1998)
  10. 10. 1. R&D centre location (HIS iSuppli) 2. REGPAT (EPO/OECD) 3. QS World University Ranking 4. ORBIS (Bureau van Dijk) 5. European Investment Monitor (Ernst&Young) 6. Venture source (Dow Jones) 7. FP7 (DG Connect) 8. Web of Knowledge (Thomson Reuters) 42 Indicators Methodological framework Fully based on a set of acknowledged, available and broad encompassing primary data sources 10
  11. 11. Generating the EIPE Identity Card of each of the 1303 regions Methodological framework
  12. 12. ICT R&D Agglomeration indicators ICT R&D Internationalisation indicators ICT R&D Networking indicators ICT Innovation Agglomeration indicators ICT Innovation Internationalisation indicators ICT Innovation Networking indicators ICT Business Agglomeration indicators ICT Business Internationalisation indicators ICT Business Networking indicators ICT R&D composite indicator ICT Innovation composite indicator ICT Business composite indicator EIPE composite indicator ..and the EIPE composite indicators Methodological framework
  13. 13. Within a framework supported by literature we developed a method processed heterogeneous databases covering the whole of EU27 at NUTS3 level measuring the domain of ICT by means of >40 indicators (the EIPE ID Card) Mapping 1300 regions identifying who is “first–in–class” And much more… Methodological framework
  14. 14. 14 The outcome EIPE tool Concepts Methods Information & data A monitoring tool to measure and assess the ICT activity in Europe Mapping ICT activity in Europe Benchmarking locations Detailed profiles of places of interest Beyond mapping…
  15. 15. EIPE project description Mapping ICT in the EU The anatomy of EIPE Some implications Overview 15
  16. 16. Mapping ICT in EU http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  17. 17. Mapping ICT in EU http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  18. 18. ICT R&D sub-indicator Mapping ICT in EU http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  19. 19. ICT Innovation sub-indicator Mapping ICT in EU http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  20. 20. ICT Business activity sub-indicator Mapping ICT in EU 20http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  21. 21. 201 454 327 124 72 52 25 11 8 8 3 7 2 3 2 1 3 0 100 200 300 400 500 Frequency 0 20 40 60 80 100 21 Mapping ICT in EU EIPE Indicator Final Ranking: Frequency 1st tier 40<EIPE<100: top 34 regions 2nd tier3rd tier
  22. 22. Mapping ICT in EU 22
  23. 23. The results are available as: ‣ The ATLAS ‣ The online mapping tool The ATLAS of ICT activity in Europe 23 http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/eipe/atlas.html
  24. 24. EIPE project description Mapping ICT in the EU The anatomy of EIPE Some implications Overview 24
  25. 25. 25 1 The anatomy of EIPE
  26. 26. New investments by activity London Darmstadt Paris Dublin Copenhagen The anatomy of EIPE
  27. 27. 27 The anatomy of EIPE Paris: ~7% of the total FP7 budget Darmstadt: 0.2% of the EU Venture Capital funding (0.03% of the EU population) Copenhagen: 2% of all new investments in the ICT sector in the EU (1% of the EU population) London: >5% of EU total R&D by ICT firms
  28. 28. 28 The anatomy of EIPE • Very strong concentration of R&D financing in terms of • Location, • Actors, • Activities • Money follows, among others, performance
  29. 29. 29 The anatomy of EIPE Darmstadt: internationalisation of ICT innovation >10% of patents cover inventions developed jointly with inventors from outside of Germany Paris: Outward ICT R&D internationalisation Dublin: Inward ICT business internationalisation >320 (out of 450) affiliates of ICT R&D Scoreboard companies from outside of Ireland
  30. 30. 30 The anatomy of EIPE • Intensive internationalisation of all types of activities • However, one size does not fit all • Internationalisation of each activity follows different pattern • Each region has a different portfolio of partners • Some show more local orientation (within the EU), while others have far reaching connections (US & Asia)
  31. 31. 31 The anatomy of EIPE
  32. 32. 32 The anatomy of EIPE • Complex web of connections • Various roles, positions, … • Different network structures emerging for • Activities, locations, … • Unclear implications…
  33. 33. EIPE project description Mapping ICT in the EU The anatomy of EIPE Some implications Overview 33
  34. 34.  A very concentrated landscape  Consistent with theory of agglomeration and method  R&D, Innovation and business activity equally important and observable  BUT DIVERSITY DOMINATES  EIPE are the main hubs in local, European and global networks  Asymmetrical dependencies oppose the image of disconnected peripheries Network position matters Excellence builds on high performance across all activities Strong clustering of ICT activities  Top EIPEs are the epicentres of EU ICT activities  Which extend beyond their local boundaries  And network globally Excellence is scarce Some implications  Germany distributed, France centralised….  Probably echoes the historical/institutional roots National patterns appear  Epicentres identified at NUTS3 level  Economic rationale guides a geographical spread Spatial agglomeration respect no administrative boundary 34
  35. 35. 35 Questions? Thank you!

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