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Violence and abuse chapter 8


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Violence and abuse chapter 8

  1. 1. Violence and Abuse Chapter 8 By: H eba Moujalled
  2. 2. What is Violence? <ul><li>Violence against women is any assault on a woman's body, physical integrity, or freedom of movement through individual acts and social oppression. </li></ul><ul><li>Violence against women is about power and control. It is rooted in the power imbalances that exist between men and women . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Forms of Abuse <ul><li>Battering </li></ul><ul><li>Rape </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual and physical abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal and emotional abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Murder by partner </li></ul><ul><li>Forced sterilization </li></ul><ul><li>Female genital cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Stalking </li></ul><ul><li>Trafficking of women and girls </li></ul><ul><li>Pornography that sexualizes violence and promotes violent sex </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual coercion in the workplace </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Two thirds of women who are raped are raped by an intimate or an acquaintance? </li></ul><ul><li>Almost one in every four women in the United States has been raped and/or physically assaulted? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Violence and Racism <ul><li>Violence against women and racism are profoundly connected. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors includes: </li></ul><ul><li>-Race </li></ul><ul><li>-Class </li></ul><ul><li>-Sexual Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>-Age </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who is at higher risk? <ul><li>Women of color </li></ul><ul><li>Older women </li></ul><ul><li>Young women </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrant women </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Lesbians </li></ul><ul><li>Poor women </li></ul><ul><li>Women with disability </li></ul>
  7. 7. Not enough Resources <ul><li>- Organizations that aim to serve victims of violence are not aware of or do not have sufficient resources to serve the widest range of women </li></ul><ul><li>Ex- Hotlines in the United States may be available only in English, and courts may be inaccessible to women who have no telephone, transportation or child care </li></ul>
  8. 8. Common Reactions to Trauma <ul><li>Self blame </li></ul><ul><li>Fear, Terror and feeling unsafe </li></ul><ul><li>Anger and rage </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Physical symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Self harm </li></ul><ul><li>Grief and loss </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Flashbacks and nightmares </li></ul><ul><li>Dissociation </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in sexuality and intimacy </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual crisis </li></ul>
  9. 9. Warning Signs <ul><li>Making angry gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Destroying objects </li></ul><ul><li>Threatening to hurt you or others </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual violence </li></ul><ul><li>Physical violence </li></ul><ul><li>Use of weapons </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rape <ul><li>-Also called sexual assault, is any kind of sexual activity committed against someone’s will. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Statistics <ul><li>18 percent of women said they have been the victim of a completed or attempted rape at some point in their lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey interviewed only women over eighteen, almost 22 percent reported that they were younger than age twelve when they were raped and half were under age eighteen. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why do women stay? <ul><li>Sometimes we may feel trapped and unable to leave </li></ul><ul><li>We may still love our partner and hope the battering will end </li></ul><ul><li>If we have children, we may think that we will not be able to support them and ourselves if we leave </li></ul><ul><li>People whom we trust to support us may not know how to intervene or provide help </li></ul>
  13. 13. Things to do when during an attack <ul><li>Stay calm </li></ul><ul><li>Try to shield yourself, especially your head and stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Call 911 if you are able to </li></ul><ul><li>Do the best you can to end the attach with less injuries </li></ul>
  14. 14. Safety Planning <ul><li>Carry important phone numbers with you </li></ul><ul><li>Find someone to tell about the abuse and develop a signal for distress </li></ul><ul><li>Think of some few places where you can go and not be tracked down by your abuser if you leave in a hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Get specific items ready to take if you leave </li></ul><ul><li>Keep change for phone calls </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearse an escape route </li></ul>
  15. 15. What to do if you have been raped <ul><li>Go to the nearest hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Get treatment for prevention of pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Get educated about AIDS/HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Get treatments for prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) </li></ul><ul><li>Examination and treatment of any external injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Get a pelvic exam. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Regaining Our lives <ul><li>It is never your fault, do not blame yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>The best choices were made before, during or after </li></ul><ul><li>There is no right or wrong way to heal </li></ul><ul><li>A support system is needed </li></ul><ul><li>We need to give ourselves time to heal </li></ul>
  17. 17. How to protect yourself <ul><li>Safety in social situations </li></ul><ul><li>Safety in intimate relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Safety at home </li></ul><ul><li>Safety in neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>Safety on street </li></ul><ul><li>Calling for help on the highway </li></ul><ul><li>Take a self-defense class </li></ul>
  18. 18. Questions <ul><li>What is the best way to prevent violence? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know of anyone who went through a situation and how did you help her? </li></ul>