Adverbs are words that give more information about the
action of the sentence – i.e., the verb – or about an
adjective or even another adverb. Adverbs often answer
Under what circumstances?
To what degree or extent? (This is the sense in which adverbs
generally describe adjectives and other adverbs.)
Adverbs often, but do not always, end in -ly
“I began to weep bitterly because no one was found
worthy to open the scroll or to look into it.” (Rev 5:4
How was John weeping?
“I know you are enduring patiently and bearing up for
my name's sake.” (Rev 2:3 ESV)
How are the believers enduring?
“When the disciples heard this, they were greatly
astonished.” (Matt 19:25 NIV)
To what extent were the disciples astonished?
Like adjectives, adverbs can be compared:
Comparative: “more bitterly”
Superlative: “most bitterly”
Irregular comparisons also exist:
Well, better, best
Little, less, least
Badly, worse, worst
Caution: When adverbs look like
“And when he had looked around at
everything, as it was already late, he went out to
Bethany with the twelve.” (Mark 11:11).
“Around” is often used as a preposition, as in “I
heard the voice of many angels around the throne”
(Rev 5:11 NASU). In Mk 11:11, however, “around”
describes the action of “looking” – Where did Jesus