secret police organization of Yugoslavia founded in 1946 and it seized to exist in the 1990sfollowing the breakup of Yugoslavia the result of OZNA(the Department of National Security)’sreorganisation
it consisted of four major parts dealing with:› the state enemy (e.g. Croatian patriotism, nationalism, theChurch)› emigration (especially the Croatian and Albanian one)› foreign secret services and tapping
main mission: to pursue and tap people who wereconsidered a threat for the contemporary regime it served as a means of intimidation and terror againstdissidents and critics of the regime dissidents were sometimes held in mental institutions foryears, the argument was that “everyone who let oneselfexpress the critique of the system was sick”
political camp Goli otok on Goli otok, an island in theAdriatic sea, was established in 1949 general Stevo Krajačić, the UDBA’s commander forCroatia, was most responsible for the establishment of thecamp for Yugoslav political prisoners the prisoners mostly died trying to escape, or in miningaccidents, from starvation or exhaustion, or they werebeaten to death the prison was shut down in 1988 and abandoned a yearlater, it has been left to ruin ever since
the island was chosen because it was uninhabited and itwas impossible to escape from the prisoners were forced to hard manual labour in astone quarry and in a bauxite mine
In their forty five years of activity UDBA’s associates werecollecting information about the so called “enemies ofthe people.” Several tens of thousands files are kepttoday in the Croatian State Archive. Every citizen can, ifhe wishes to, take a look of his file, after a certainprocedure. However, there are only coded names of theagents who were following them.
in the period from 1946 to 1990 UDBA killed 69 Croatiandissidents in emigration and 8 are still considered missing after the 1970s and the Croatian Spring there were twoassassinations and 24 assassination attempts (victimssuffered from severe or minor physical injuries)