Sovietisation of Estonia


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OWTF 2012-2014.

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Sovietisation of Estonia

  1. 1. OWTF III presentation of Estonian team
  2. 2.   After World War II Estonia were occupated by soviet troops Estonia became part of totalitarian state – its ment a lot of changes in all country
  3. 3.    Communist party as only political party Official name were the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic Instead free elections just one candidate and always 99,8% affirmative votes
  4. 4.     Industrialisation and creating large enterprises Collectivization farms Controlled by communist party economy – command economy Labour came from Russia – during soviet time 35% of population were immigrants from Soviet Russia
  5. 5.    Fight against “bourgeois nationalism” Massdeportations (biggest were 25/26 of March 1949 – 20722 people were deported) Direct physical repressions were accompanied by spiritual violence, expressed in the total submission of the social spiritual life to the ruling ideological dogmas and levelling the pre-war sphere of culture (education, science, art, etc.)
  6. 6.  The aim of the official cultural policies of Soviet Estonia was to introduce the kind of culture where the “socialist content” was fitted into a “national form”
  7. 7.      Ideological pressure Class principle KGB kept the church and other aspects of spiritual life under control selective destruction of cultural heritage created by the preceding generations Russification, but still Estonian-language education and culture persisted
  8. 8. Propaganda posters from 1950
  9. 9.    In the post-war years, inflation was high, food and goods were scarce and most of the population was in a permanent struggle for survival. The war had destroyed approximately 25 to 30 percent of urban housing, rebuilding was slow and the urban population, after a low level in 1945, began to rise. Black markets thrived and stealing from the state became widespread.
  10. 10. Leader of Soviet Estonia Nikolai Karotamm giving speech
  11. 11.       Losses of population and russification in cultural life Repression of political elite Territorial losses (Pihkva and part of eastern Estonia) Nationalisation of enterprises, banks, houses Destroied national heritage (ideologization everyday life) Environmental problems in north-east of Estonia
  12. 12. Cars were selled in soviet Estonia by special licenses