www.organicsolutions.in
ABOUT US
Pioneers in using Green Technologies for waste water and solid waste treatment
Started in 2001, based out of Gurg...
OUR SERVICES

Sewage Treatment

• Anaerobic Methods
• Aerobic Methods
• Enhancement of Existing
plants
• Waste Water Lagoo...
Green Technologies for Sewage Treatment

www.organicsolutions.in
OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water

Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology
Co...
OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water

Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology
Co...
OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water

Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology
Co...
OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water

Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology
Co...
OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water

Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology
Co...
OS STP
Case Studies
Private Township
Project Description
Industry: Real Estate Developer
Location: Gurgaon, Haryana
Flow: Decentralized System...
Private Township
Project Methodology
We advised the client to adopt a decentralized approach to save on the piping, pumpin...
Private Township
Snapshots

Cluster of houses

Underground STP

Treated water used for
horticulture
Educational Institution
Project Description
Industry: Private University
Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan
When: Since 2004
Flow...
Educational Institution
Project Methodology
One STP of 300KLD installed at the campus and the treated water is being recyc...
Educational Institution
Snapshots

Side view of STP

Gravel Filter
Educational Institution
Snapshots

Water flowing to oxidation
pond

Treated water used for
horticulture
5,000 P.E Plant
Project Description
Industry: Government Organization
Flow: 1MLD
Product Used: OS STP with OS1-WW
Challeng...
5,000 P.E Plant
Project Methodology
Two plants of 0.5 MLD each installed in the township to save on piping costs
Anaerobic...
5,000 P.E Plant
Snapshots

2 STPs of 0.5MLD each
5,000 P.E Plant
Snapshots

Treated Water (L)
Untreated Water (R)

Treated water being used in Golf
Course
10,000 P.E Plant
Project Description
Industry: Government Organization
Location: Delhi, India
When: Since 2012
Flow: 1.8 M...
10,000 P.E Plant
Project Methodology
A completely underground STP installed with a footprint of approximately 1000 sqm
Ana...
10,000 P.E Plant
Snapshots

Sewage Inlet
10,000 P.E Plant
Snapshots

Completely Underground STP
MAKING EXISTING STPs/ETPs MORE EFFICIENT

www.organicsolutions.in
Benefits Delivered
1. Helps meet Pollution Control Norms
more stringently
2. Reduction in chemicals costs
3. Water can be ...
Brief Strategies Adopted
1. Detailed Survey and Data Collection
2. Suggesting changes to the plant to
increase efficacy
3....
Brief Mechanism- Growth of Beneficial Microbes

OS Microbes grow rapidly in the
plant by using the organic load as
the sub...
Brief Mechanism- Reduction of Pathogens

Blend of heterotrophic and
phototropic bacteria
Multi-strain culture based on the...
Brief Mechanism- Suppression of Odor
Odor substances are of weak alkaline nature predominantly
represented by ammonia. Amm...
Existing STPsCase Studies
Aerated Lagoon
Project Description
Industry: Municipal Sewage Treatment
Client: A Municipal Corporation in South India
Loc...
Aerated Lagoon
Project Methodology
The system is an aerated lagoon system
The activated product made from OS1-WW was intro...
Aerated Lagoon
Snapshots

Sludge Deposits in the plant
Aerated Lagoon
Snapshots

Progress within 5 weeks of inoculation
Aerated Lagoon
Snapshots

After Treatment
Extended Aeration Plant
Project Description
Industry: Government Residential Colony
Client: Indian Military Organization
L...
Extended Aeration Plant
Project Methodology
The system was an extended aeration system with surface aerators.
OS1 culture ...
Extended Aeration Plant
Snapshots

Extended Aeration Plant
Extended Aeration Plant
Snapshots

Culture being prepared and dosed
Water Bodies - Lake
Project Description
Client: Municipal Corporation in South India
Location: Karnataka
Product Used: Cus...
Water Bodies - Lake
Snapshots

SEWAGE INFLUX INTO THE LAKE

THICK MAT OF ALGAL SCUM
Water Bodies - Lake
Snapshots

BACTERIAL CULTURE BEING SPRAYED TO REMOVE FOUL ODOUR & REDUCE THE ORGANIC MATTER

LAKE AFTE...
Rotating Biological Contractor
Project Description
Industry: Hospitality Industry
Client: A Luxury Resort
Location: Maldiv...
Rotating Biological Contractor
Project Methodology
The activated product made from OS1-WW was introduced to the system in ...
Rotating Biological Contractor
Snapshots

Raw Water Sump

Bacteria Dosing
Rotating Biological Contractor
Snapshots

Treated Water
About OS1-WW

About OS3

Product formulated after a
decade of research

Product formulated after a
decade of research

Has...
LANDFILL SANITATION

Benefits of OS LANDFILL TREATMENT
Reduction in foul odor
Control of vector population
Reduction in fl...
ORGANIC SOLID WASTE

Benefits of OS composting
Faster Composting
Production of good quality
compost for trees & plants
Fou...
OS Composting Models

www.organicsolutions.in
Composting Basics
• COMPOST is not a bio-fertilizer. It is a substrate (food) for soil
microbes. They in turn produce the ...
Composting Basics
Bulking Agents

Energy Materials

Balanced Materials

· Low Moisture
· High Porosity
· Low Nitrogen

· H...
Composting Basics
•
•
•
•
•

Particle Size – smaller the better (< 0.5 inches)
Mixing – layer by layer or together
Moistur...
Brief Mechanism - Composting

1.

2.

3.

Process starts with blending of
different kinds of wastes together with
sufficie...
Enclosed Composting
1. Select proper place
2. Create an enclosure
3. Soak biomass in diluted
OS1-SW and place inside
the e...
Heap Composting
1. Take an idea of wind direction.
Make heap perpendicular for
maximum aeration
2. Look for a place in sha...
Pit Composting
1. Dig a pit about 2 ft deep, 8 feet in
length and 4 feet in width
2. Heap the soil separately
3. Spray dil...
Windrow Composting
1.

2.

3.
4.
5.

6.

7.

Windrows are made with press
mud/MSW, perpendicular to wind
direction to get ...
GOING GREEN IS NO LONGER AN
OPTION BUT THE ONLY MEANS TO A
SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
LET US MAKE IT A REALITY
TOGETHER

www.organ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

OS services overview

812 views

Published on

Sewage treatment
OS Sewage Treatment is an advanced technology to revolutionize the waste water treatment industry. We offer turnkey customized solutions for all sewage treatment problems, be it setting up a new STP or increasing the efficiency of an existing plant.Organic Solutions offers reliable, cost effective and environment friendly solutions for waste water treatment. We offer customized products and solutions to meet the stringent demands of the pollution control boards without creating any downstream problems.

Solid waste treatment
Leveraging on the benefits of pro-biotics, OS solid waste treatment technology is helpful in quickly stabilizing all kinds of organic solid wastes. Our product ensures that natural resources are conserved at all times, thereby bringing in sustainability. Our solutions are extremely versatile and suitable for all kinds of applications, be it city level composting, household composting or landfill or dump yard sanitization.

Foul odor removal
Our product is an all natural, environment friendly odor reducer containing powerful pro-biotics and their metabolites which inhibit odor. OS probiotic technology offers a revolutionary product that reduces odor in a number of environmental applications.Odor control treatment is an issue in various industries. High contents of organic matter can lead to the formation of malodors as well as the degradation of sulphur, phosphate and nitrogen. Malodors can lead to putrefactive odors as well as pollutants that can lead to diseases making the environment unsafe. OS Probiotics Technology has the ability to solve this issue through its properties of digesting harmful organic compounds and breaking them down into smaller, less volatile compounds which are actually beneficial to the environment.

Bioremediation
Advanced Bionics Solution for treatment of drains and water bodiesNature has silently treated our waste without the use of chemicals, heavy aerators and mechanical equipment. We have emulated nature’s principles in our modern methods of waste treatment to devise innovative and cost effective technologies to clean water bodies like lakes, rivers and drains. Our expertise of environmental engineering and microbial applications in sewage treatment aids us in ensuring that the treatment is carried out at minimal cost, time and effort.

To learn more visit our website www.organicsolutions.in

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
812
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

OS services overview

  1. 1. www.organicsolutions.in
  2. 2. ABOUT US Pioneers in using Green Technologies for waste water and solid waste treatment Started in 2001, based out of Gurgaon Have worked with over 50 prestigious clients in both government and private sector Manufacturers of Certified Organic and Non-toxic products in the field of waste treatment under the brand name OS Probiotics Member of IGBC (Indian Green Building Council) and help our clients achieve zero waste discharge status Providing innovative, natural and sustainable solutions HELPING YOU GO GREEN TURNKEY PROJECTS- SOLVING PROBLEMS SEWAGE TREATMENT OF EXISTING STP/ETPs LANDFILL & RECYCLE KITCHEN & GARDEN WASTE DUMPYARDS SANITATION
  3. 3. OUR SERVICES Sewage Treatment • Anaerobic Methods • Aerobic Methods • Enhancement of Existing plants • Waste Water Lagoons Solid Waste Treatment • Composting • Landfill Sanitization Foul Odor Removal • • • • • Landfills Dump yards Transfer Stations Sewage Lagoons Drains www.organicsolutions.in
  4. 4. Green Technologies for Sewage Treatment www.organicsolutions.in
  5. 5. OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology Comparison with Conventional Treatment Conventional Treatment • High Sludge Production • Pollution Changers •Daily Sludge Removal •Cost & Logistics OS SMART Treatment  Practically no sludge formation  Saves Disposal Cost  De-sludging required once in 6-7 years SLUDGE www.organicsolutions.in
  6. 6. OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology Comparison with Conventional Treatment Conventional Treatment ODOR/SMELL OS SMART Treatment • Treated water has odor • STP area has odor • Nuisance for neighbors Treated Water is odorless  STP area is odorless  No noxious odors www.organicsolutions.in
  7. 7. OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology Comparison with Conventional Treatment Conventional Treatment OS SMART Treatment • Treated water has slight color Treated Water is clear COLOR www.organicsolutions.in
  8. 8. OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology Comparison with Conventional Treatment Conventional Treatment NOISE LEVELS OS SMART Treatment • Droning aerators cause noise  SILENT TREATMENT pollution  Peaceful Environment • Nuisance to neighbors www.organicsolutions.in
  9. 9. OS SMART PROCESS – the smart and natural way of treating waste water Sustainable Microbial Advanced Reactor Technology Comparison with Conventional Treatment OS SMART Treatment Conventional Treatment • High Capital Cost • High Operation Cost • High Maintenance Cost  Lower Capital Costs  Lower Operation Costs by approx 50%  Lower Maintenance Costs by approx 80% COST www.organicsolutions.in
  10. 10. OS STP Case Studies
  11. 11. Private Township Project Description Industry: Real Estate Developer Location: Gurgaon, Haryana Flow: Decentralized System Product Used: OS STP with OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Construction and Settlement in phases, Irregular power supply, High cost of pipe grid, Water shortage for irrigating the huge landscape Goals Cost Effective Treatment Avoid menaces like foul odor and sludge deposits Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Recycling of water
  12. 12. Private Township Project Methodology We advised the client to adopt a decentralized approach to save on the piping, pumping and electricity costs that they would have to bear in a centralized system. Each cluster of houses is connected to an STP, and the treated water is used in the neighboring landscape. Results Achieved No Sludge Handling No Foul Odor All outlet parameters are met (BOD <30mg/l) Eco-friendly approach with minimum energy consumption and emission of gases Zero-discharge ; treated water is being used to irrigate the landscape Cost of operation is in direct proportion to increase in flow as the settlement is taking place
  13. 13. Private Township Snapshots Cluster of houses Underground STP Treated water used for horticulture
  14. 14. Educational Institution Project Description Industry: Private University Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan When: Since 2004 Flow: 300KL/day Product Used: OS STP with OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Expansion in phases Goals Cost Effective Treatment Avoid menaces like foul odor and sludge deposits Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Recycling of water Eco-friendly technology
  15. 15. Educational Institution Project Methodology One STP of 300KLD installed at the campus and the treated water is being recycled for horticulture and flushing purposes Results Achieved No Sludge Handling No Foul Odor All outlet parameters are met (BOD <30mg/l) Eco-friendly approach with minimum energy consumption and emission of gases Zero-discharge ; treated water is being used to irrigate the landscape and flushing purposes Cost of operation is approximately 50% less as compared to conventional plants
  16. 16. Educational Institution Snapshots Side view of STP Gravel Filter
  17. 17. Educational Institution Snapshots Water flowing to oxidation pond Treated water used for horticulture
  18. 18. 5,000 P.E Plant Project Description Industry: Government Organization Flow: 1MLD Product Used: OS STP with OS1-WW Challenges Faced: High cost of pipe grid, Water shortage for irrigating the huge landscape Goals Cost Effective Treatment Avoid menaces like foul odor and sludge deposits Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Recycling of water Eco-friendly technology
  19. 19. 5,000 P.E Plant Project Methodology Two plants of 0.5 MLD each installed in the township to save on piping costs Anaerobic Gravity Based Plant; Noise Free STP as residential area is close by Results Achieved No Sludge Handling No Foul Odor Eco-friendly approach with minimum energy consumption and emission of gases Zero-discharge ; treated water is being used to irrigate the golf course and other green areas Cost of operation is approximately 50% less as compared to conventional plants
  20. 20. 5,000 P.E Plant Snapshots 2 STPs of 0.5MLD each
  21. 21. 5,000 P.E Plant Snapshots Treated Water (L) Untreated Water (R) Treated water being used in Golf Course
  22. 22. 10,000 P.E Plant Project Description Industry: Government Organization Location: Delhi, India When: Since 2012 Flow: 1.8 MLD Product Used: OS STP with OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Site for STP surrounded by residential flats, Water shortage for irrigating the huge landscape Goals Cost Effective Treatment Zero-nuisance STP Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Recycling of water Eco-friendly technology
  23. 23. 10,000 P.E Plant Project Methodology A completely underground STP installed with a footprint of approximately 1000 sqm Anaerobic Gravity Based Plant; Noise Free and hassle-free STP as residential area is close by Results Achieved Underground Plant No Sludge Handling No Foul Odor No Noise Pollution Eco-friendly approach with minimum energy consumption and emission of gases Zero-discharge ; treated water is being used to irrigate the green areas Cost of operation is approximately 50% less as compared to conventional plants
  24. 24. 10,000 P.E Plant Snapshots Sewage Inlet
  25. 25. 10,000 P.E Plant Snapshots Completely Underground STP
  26. 26. MAKING EXISTING STPs/ETPs MORE EFFICIENT www.organicsolutions.in
  27. 27. Benefits Delivered 1. Helps meet Pollution Control Norms more stringently 2. Reduction in chemicals costs 3. Water can be recycled for irrigation, flushing, boilers, cooling towers (Reduce cost of purchasing fresh water) 4. Suppression of foul odor and vectors (flies & mosquitoes) 5. Reduction in sludge www.organicsolutions.in
  28. 28. Brief Strategies Adopted 1. Detailed Survey and Data Collection 2. Suggesting changes to the plant to increase efficacy 3. Giving a proposal which ensures deliverables 4. Taking an AMC or giving the dosage to the client 5. Taking regular feedback 6. Handhold till plant stabilizes www.organicsolutions.in
  29. 29. Brief Mechanism- Growth of Beneficial Microbes OS Microbes grow rapidly in the plant by using the organic load as the substrate OS microbes create an environment where native and beneficial microbes become the dominant species These beneficial microbes along with OS microbes form bio-films in the plant, thereby stabilizing the plant www.organicsolutions.in
  30. 30. Brief Mechanism- Reduction of Pathogens Blend of heterotrophic and phototropic bacteria Multi-strain culture based on the principle of co-existence Strains are carefully selected based on metabolic properties Reduction of pathogens by ‘Competitive Exclusion’ as they do not get sufficient oxygen and food www.organicsolutions.in
  31. 31. Brief Mechanism- Suppression of Odor Odor substances are of weak alkaline nature predominantly represented by ammonia. Ammonia is neutralized by the organic acids produced by OS microbes Phototropic bacteria utilizes odor substances like Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) as hydrogen donors in its growth cycle The enzymes and anti-oxidants produced by OS microbes reduce odor further Foul odor is emitted in the process of putrefaction. Application of OS shifts the balance of the environment towards fermentation. Brief Mechanism- Reduction of Sludge Primary Sludge serves as a substrate for the rapid growth of OS microbes Secondary Sludge is maintained by the process of autolysis – self digestion www.organicsolutions.in
  32. 32. Existing STPsCase Studies
  33. 33. Aerated Lagoon Project Description Industry: Municipal Sewage Treatment Client: A Municipal Corporation in South India Location: Karnataka Flow: 45 MLD (Million Litres per day) Product Used: Customized Solution using OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Irregular Power Supply, Improper Treatment, Foul Odor, Heavy Sludge Deposits Goals Reduce sludge production Reduce Foul Odors Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Reduce Energy Consumption
  34. 34. Aerated Lagoon Project Methodology The system is an aerated lagoon system The activated product made from OS1-WW was introduced to the system The aeration was reduced gradually after 6 months Results Achieved The goals of the project were achieved Reduction in Sludge production by 90% No Foul Odor (even with aeration being stopped) All outlet parameters are met The plant has been converted into an anaerobic plant (No aeration) The savings accrued in operational costs are USD 12000/month
  35. 35. Aerated Lagoon Snapshots Sludge Deposits in the plant
  36. 36. Aerated Lagoon Snapshots Progress within 5 weeks of inoculation
  37. 37. Aerated Lagoon Snapshots After Treatment
  38. 38. Extended Aeration Plant Project Description Industry: Government Residential Colony Client: Indian Military Organization Location: Haryana Flow: 1.5 MLD Product Used: Customized Solution using OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Irregular Power Supply, Improper Treatment, Foul Odor, Heavy Sludge Deposits, Regular Break down of machinery Goals Reduce sludge production Reduce Foul Odors Outflow standards established by regulations must be met Reduce Energy Consumption
  39. 39. Extended Aeration Plant Project Methodology The system was an extended aeration system with surface aerators. OS1 culture was introduced to the system. OS1 is added to the raw water sump (equalization tank) that receives the sewage inflow from the whole township. The aeration was reduced gradually after a year and for 6 years the aerators have been switched off completely A few baffles were constructed for effective anaerobic treatment Results Achieved The goals of the project were achieved There has been no need to de-sludge the plant in the last 6 years No Foul Odor (even with aeration being stopped) All outlet parameters are met and water is being recycled for horticulture The plant has been converted into an anaerobic plant since last 6 years The savings accrued in operating costs are USD 2000/month
  40. 40. Extended Aeration Plant Snapshots Extended Aeration Plant
  41. 41. Extended Aeration Plant Snapshots Culture being prepared and dosed
  42. 42. Water Bodies - Lake Project Description Client: Municipal Corporation in South India Location: Karnataka Product Used: Customized Solution using OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Foul Odor, Heavy Sludge Deposits Goals Reduce sludge deposits Reduce Foul Odors Reduce BOD Levels Control Vector Population Project Results Reduction in sludge deposits Reduction in Foul Odors Reduction in BOD Levels Control of Vector Population Reduction in algae
  43. 43. Water Bodies - Lake Snapshots SEWAGE INFLUX INTO THE LAKE THICK MAT OF ALGAL SCUM
  44. 44. Water Bodies - Lake Snapshots BACTERIAL CULTURE BEING SPRAYED TO REMOVE FOUL ODOUR & REDUCE THE ORGANIC MATTER LAKE AFTER TREATMENT
  45. 45. Rotating Biological Contractor Project Description Industry: Hospitality Industry Client: A Luxury Resort Location: Maldives When: Since 2011 Flow: 200KL Product Used: Customized Solution using OS1-WW Challenges Faced: Improper Treatment, Foul Odor, Heavy Sludge Deposits Goals Reduce sludge production Reduce Foul Odors Outflow standards established by regulations must be met
  46. 46. Rotating Biological Contractor Project Methodology The activated product made from OS1-WW was introduced to the system in September 2011. The solution was added to the equalization tank All chemical inoculants were discontinued Results Achieved The goals of the project were achieved Reduction in Sludge production by 50% so far No Foul Odor All outlet parameters are met
  47. 47. Rotating Biological Contractor Snapshots Raw Water Sump Bacteria Dosing
  48. 48. Rotating Biological Contractor Snapshots Treated Water
  49. 49. About OS1-WW About OS3 Product formulated after a decade of research Product formulated after a decade of research Has 10 microbes strains like Lactic Acid Bacteria, Photosynthetic Bacteria, Yeast (plate count >25 million) Has a mixture of microbes like Bacillus Subtilis, Photosynthetic bacteria and natural enzymes like amylase, protease, lipase etc. Facultative Microbes. Can operate in both aerobic & anaerobic conditions Developed in a ‘consortia’ concept – a highly resilient mini-ecosystem Certified Organic input under NPOP standards Specially formulated for high FOG and other industrial effluents Developed in a ‘consortia’ concept – a highly resilient mini-ecosystem Non-toxic Non-toxic The microbes are non –GMO The microbes are non –GMO Proven results Proven results Higher Activation ratio Uses effluent for activation. Does not require fresh water
  50. 50. LANDFILL SANITATION Benefits of OS LANDFILL TREATMENT Reduction in foul odor Control of vector population Reduction in flies & mosquitoes Hygienic conditions for rag-pickers & authorities Increase in lifespan of landfill Reduction in emission of harmful gases www.organicsolutions.in
  51. 51. ORGANIC SOLID WASTE Benefits of OS composting Faster Composting Production of good quality compost for trees & plants Foul odor suppression Cost Savings Conservation of natural resources Reduces waste sent to landfills – reduces your carbon footprint www.organicsolutions.in
  52. 52. OS Composting Models www.organicsolutions.in
  53. 53. Composting Basics • COMPOST is not a bio-fertilizer. It is a substrate (food) for soil microbes. They in turn produce the nutrients required by plants • As a result, you add compost today and see the results much later • Compost if for SOIL and not for PLANTS while chemical/synthetic fertilizers are for PLANTS and not SOIL. • The nutrients in compost cannot be directly used by plants, therefore NPK value of compost is not that important. • Compost is a SCIENCE, needs to be understood • Balance of different type of biomass is a must
  54. 54. Composting Basics Bulking Agents Energy Materials Balanced Materials · Low Moisture · High Porosity · Low Nitrogen · High Moisture · Low Porosity · High Nitrogen · Low to medium moisture · Medium Porosity · Medium Nitrogen · Wood chips · Sawdust · Grass Hay · Wheat or Paddy straw · Corn Stalks · Sugarcane leaves · Kitchen Waste · Grass Clippings · Animal dung · Horticulture waste · Tree trimmings · Dry Leaves · Shrubs
  55. 55. Composting Basics • • • • • Particle Size – smaller the better (< 0.5 inches) Mixing – layer by layer or together Moisture – starting 60-70% Aeration – essential for aerobic composting Placement of heaps – Should be made perpendicular to wind direction for maximum aeration. • Microbes – composting catalyst is essential • Types of compost – decomposed or fermented
  56. 56. Brief Mechanism - Composting 1. 2. 3. Process starts with blending of different kinds of wastes together with sufficient moisture, nutrients and porosity. OS1-SW acts as a catalyst in the composting process. The process goes through a number of temperature phases • Initial heating phase where soluble components are degraded • Thermophilic conditions where cellulose is degraded. This is accompanied by loss of heat, water and carbon dioxide thereby reducing the mass of the waste. • Curing and stabilization with a drop in temperatures. www.organicsolutions.in
  57. 57. Enclosed Composting 1. Select proper place 2. Create an enclosure 3. Soak biomass in diluted OS1-SW and place inside the enclosure 4. Mix of green and dry waste preferred 5. Place kitchen waste in the centre and bury in garden/farm waste 6. Maintain moisture
  58. 58. Heap Composting 1. Take an idea of wind direction. Make heap perpendicular for maximum aeration 2. Look for a place in shade. This is essential to retain moisture 3. Dilute OS1-sw and spray ground 4. Place a layer of plant waste and spray OS1-sw culture 5. Place a layer of food waste/animal waste and spray culture 6. Place a layer of soil (preferably clay soil) and repeat spraying 7. Go on layering till heap reaches a height of 3 ft 8. Add bulking agents in between 9. Place cloth or gunny sacks only on top to retain moisture
  59. 59. Pit Composting 1. Dig a pit about 2 ft deep, 8 feet in length and 4 feet in width 2. Heap the soil separately 3. Spray diluted OS1-sw on soil 4. Make a layer of garden leaves/grass or weeds 5. Place kitchen waste in center and cover it with soil after rinsing with OS1-sw 6. Repeat the process of spraying each layer and covering with soil, each time you place fresh waste.
  60. 60. Windrow Composting 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Windrows are made with press mud/MSW, perpendicular to wind direction to get maximum aeration Diluted OS1-sw is sprayed over the windrows. The dilution ratio depends on the initial moisture of biomass Only one time application is required Roughly 1 litre of OS1-SW mother culture is required for 10 tons of waste Turning of the windrows is required to mix OS1 homogeneously with the waste and also to facilitate aeration Initially the temperature of the heap will rise which would also destroy weed seeds and pathogens Compost is ready with 30-45 days
  61. 61. GOING GREEN IS NO LONGER AN OPTION BUT THE ONLY MEANS TO A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE LET US MAKE IT A REALITY TOGETHER www.organicsolutions.in

×