Site workers' training


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Site workers' training

  2. 2. BASIC RULES FOR SAFETY ■ Avoid dragging electric cables on the ground or allowing the cables to come into contact with water.Tidy up construction sites ■ Use electrical tools installed with an earth■ Keep passages clear all the time. leakage circuit breaker.■ Sort out materials and pile them up safely. ■ Use and handle chemicals with care.The stacks should not betoo high. Personal Safety■ Beware of floor openings and ensure thatthey are fenced or covered. ■ Wear protective equipment.■ Remove refuse as soon as possible. ■Do not drink or take drugs while working.■ Provide sufficient lighting. ■ Pay attention to personal hygiene.■ Familiarize with the location and the ■Do not play in the workplace.operation of fire-fighting equipment. ■ Report to your supervisor immediately if you notice any unsafe condition.Safety measures■Before you operate a machine, ensure that EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO ACCIDENTSthe dangerous part of the Tidy up construction sitesmachine has been installed with a guard. ■ Keep passages clear all the time.■ Avoid going to any area with insufficient ■ Sort out materials and pile them up as there may be some The stacks should not bedangerous places which have not been providedwith fencing. too high.■ Keep vigilant all the time and watch out for ■ Beware of floor openings and ensure that theymoving cranes, hooks or are fenced or covered.other lifting equipment. ■ Remove refuse as soon as possible.■Before you use any electrical installation or ■ Provide sufficient lighting.tool, check the condition of ■ Familiarize with the location and theits electric cables. operation of fire-fighting equipment.
  3. 3. When someone is found seriously injured, you If you are engaged in falseworkshould: operation, you should:■ Keep calm. ■ Check whether the falsework is■ Seek help immediately. erected in accordance with the■ Accompany the injured person. design.■ Assist in the immediate rescue work as far aspossible. ■ Make sure that the falsework is■ Call the site safety staff. securely erected.■Do not try to move the injured person unless it ■ Check whether the struts of theis really necessary falsework are do so. ■ Ensure that the props are erected■Do not tamper with the accident scene while vertically and arranged at awaiting for the arrival suitable distance in a row.of the investigation team. ■ Report to your supervisor when any unsafe situation is found.When a fire breaks out, you should remember:■Put out the fire with a fire extinguisher if it is asmall fire. SCAFFOLD■ If the blaze is out of control, do not try to ■Do not use scaffolds unless they haveextinguish the fire on your been erected by trained workmen and underown. Call the Fire Services Department right the supervision of a competent person.away. ■Do not use a scaffold unless it hasEmergency telephone numbers: been inspected and certified safe by■ Always pay attention to the emergencytelephone numbers posted a competent person before use.on the notice board in the site office ■Strictly follow the instructions of aFALSE WORK , SCAFFOLDING , FENCE WORK competent person. Do not alter theAND LADDER scaffold unless authorized to do so.FALSEWORK
  4. 4. Do not work on an unfinished scaffold. ■ Place the ladder on a level and■When it is necessary to work on a mobile firm footing.scaffold, lock the wheels of the scaffold ■ Place the ladder at an appropriatebefore you start working. angle.■Do not work on a scaffold unless it has been ■ Ensure that the ladder has aprovided with a suitable working platform. sufficient length. The upper end of the ladder should be at leastFENCING 1 metre above the landing against■Do not work in a dangerous place which the ladder leans.unless its floor edges and ■ Do not use a ladder unless itsopenings have been installed with upper or lower end has beensecure fencing. securely fixed or secured by■If you notice any dangerous places another worker.that have not been installed with ■If there are electrical installationsfencing or the fencing has been nearby, do not use metal ladders.damaged, reinstall or repair the ■ If work is carried out 2 metres orfencing. If this is beyond your more above the floor, use a suitablecapability, inform your working platformsupervisor at once. Equipment and ElectricityLadder■ Use a ladder which is of good construction, Lifting Appliance and Gearsound material and adequate strength. ■Do not operate a lifting appliance unless trained. In the case of a crane,■ Examine the ladder before using it a certificate is required.and inspect it at regular intervals.
  5. 5. ■Before using lifting gear such as hook, shackle and certified safe by a competent examiner.or chain sling, ■Do not use a material hoist unless its gatescheck whether there is any wear and tear. have been■ Check the weight of the load to be lifted. installed with an effective interlocking safety system.■Do not exceed the safe working load of The hoist is only operable after all the gatesa lifting appliance or lifting gear. have been■ Adopt the correct lifting method. closed.■Do not use a lifting appliance or lifting gear ■Do not use a material hoist unless it has beenunless it has been examined and certified repairedsafe by a competent examiner. and maintained by a competent person. No unauthorized■ Do not use a lifting appliance unless it repair is allowed.has been regularly repaired and ■ Do not put loose materials into receptaclesmaintained by a competent person. unless properlyNo unauthorized repair is allowed. secured.■ Follow the safe working instructions ■ Ensure good communication with the operator of a materialof the manufacturer of a lifting appliance. hoist. All signals should be understood and■Do not work beneath any suspended load. followed.Material Hoist Loadshifting Machinery■Do not ride on a material hoist. ■Unless you are a worker concerned,■Do not operate a material hoist without prior do not work in an area where a loader,proper an excavator, etc. is in ■Do not operate any loadshifting■Do not exceed the safe working load of amaterial hoist. machinery without training and■Do not use a material hoist unless it has been approval.examined ■ Operators of forklift trucks,
  6. 6. bulldozers, loaders, excavators, ■Do not use any compressed airtrucks or lorries should possess equipment, pipes and relevant devicesappropriate certificates. unless they are of good construction and have been examined and certified safeCartridge-operated Fixing Tool by a competent examiner before use.■Do not operate a cartridgeoperated fixing tool ■ Fix the connectors properly.unless you have ■Do not twist the pipes.possessed a valid certificate. ■Do not abuse the use of compressed air■ Wear suitable eye and ear for cleaning purpose. Use a brush or aprotectors while operating a vacuum cleaner to remove dust fromcartridge-operated fixing tool. clothing and skin.■ Use a cartridge-operated fixing toolwith great care. Electric Tool ■Before using an electric tool, check thePortable Power Tool tool and its plug and connecting cable.■Do not use a portable power tool ■Do not use a damaged tool.(such as saw, grinder and drill) ■Do not use an electric tool unlessunlessits dangerous parts have its connecting cable is wellbeen effectively guarded. protected.■ Place the electric cable and ■Do not use an electric tool unlesshose of a tool at an appropriate its metal casing is earthed and itsposition to avoid tripping power supply is provided with an earth leakage circuit breaker.Compressed Air ■Do not repair or alter any electrical■ Use compressed air only for specified installation unless competent to do so.purposes.
  7. 7. ■If you meet any fault or problem, report ■ Keep gas cylinders in anit to your supervisor immediately. upright position and secure it properly to avoid overturning.Excavations ■If gas leakage is detected,■ Keep the fence on all sides of report it to your supervisoran excavation intact. immediately.■ Use safe access for ingress Fire Riskand egress. There is always a fire risk. However,■Do not pile soil or any other the chances of fire can be reduced,materials at the edge of an and you will know what to do whenexcavation. a fire breaks out if you:■ Make sure that a trench is ■Always keep the workplace cleansecurely shored before and tidy.working in it. ■ Handle machinery and tools that may generate sparks or heatGas Welding and Flame Cutting carefully.■Do not use the equipment for gas welding ■Do not smoke or use nakedor flame cutting unless you have attained flames in any area wherethe age of 18 years and hold a valid certificate. flammable and explosive■ Do not use any gas cylinder unless it substances are stored.has been fitted with flashback arrestors. ■ Know where fire extinguishers are■ Wear personal protective equipment. located and how they are used.■ Keep the workplace clean. ■ Know the place of assembly for■ Place fire extinguishers fire evacuationwithin reach.
  8. 8. Public Safety others to work smoothly■ Pay attention to public safety. and safely.Members of the public are often ■They have received specificunaware of or do not understand safety training and arethe work carried out on important members of theconstruction sites and the risks construction team.involved. ■They have legal responsibility■ Take great care to prevent the fall or liability for the overall safetyof materials from height. of the construction site.■Do not stack materials on floor ■You should get to know youredges or on scaffolds safety supervisor.Waste Disposal Eye Protection■ Dispose all wastes, and unwanted ■A wise worker will certainly takematerials must be disposed of at good care of his eyesight.a designated place. ■A small fragment may cause■ Notify your supervisor of the serious consequences if itrequirement for the separate enters ones eyes.disposal of chemical or ■When there is a risk of eyeinflammable wastes. injury, such as in concrete■Do not leave planks with nails breaking or using abrasiveon passageways. wheels, you should wear suitable eye protectors.Safety Supervisors ■ Take proper care of the eye■Their responsibility is to assist protectors provided to you.
  9. 9. ■ Replace damaged or defective ■ Remember to wear a mask when workingeye protectors immediately. in a dusty environment.■ Ensure that eye protectors are comfortable to ■ Wear eye and ear protectors wheneverwear, and keep clean. necessary.■ Use eye protectors for eye protection ─ do notput it on your head ■ Wear a safety harness and secure it toor hang it on your neck. a safe anchorage point when working at■ Bear in mind that eye protectors are height. A bamboo scaffold is not a safereplaceable, but not your eyes. anchorage point, so do not fasten the safety harness to it.Noise ■ Wear safety shoes to prevent foot injury.■ Wear ear protectors in areas ■ Consult your supervisor if in doubt.with high noise levels.■Properly wear ear protectors Safety Helmetaccording to the manufacturers ■ Wear a safety helmet on ainstructions. construction site.■Do not reuse disposable ear ■ Keep the harness of theplugs. helmet clean and make sure■Clean ear protectors regularly that it fits well. ■ Do not drill any holes on thePersonal Protective Equipment helmet or use it for pounding.■For your own safety and interest, use thepersonal First Aidprotective equipment provided by youremployer. ■ If you sustain an injury or■ Wear gloves when handling or contacting feel not well while at work,chemicals. even if it is minor, go to
  10. 10. the first aid room right away clothing.for medical treatment and Alcohol and Drugsnotify your supervisor. ■Do not drink alcohol, or take■Put the case on record. drugs, while at work. ■If you need to take drugs dueManual Handling Operations to illness, report it to your■ Avoid manual handling operations as far as supervisor.possible to minimize the risk of injury.■ Estimate the weight of the load.■ Lift an object with a correct posture.■ Wear suitable protective equipment.Put on gloves as far as possibleto protect your hands fromany cut, scratch or puncture,and wear safety boots or shoesto prevent injury to toes byheavy falling objects.■ Seek assistance from someonein lifting a load if necessary.Personal Hygiene■ Keep yourself clean.■ Wash hands before mealsand after using the toilet.■ Dress tidily and in protective