HOW TO DETERMINE THE CONSEQUENCES The tool incorporates 5 consequences factors against which a hazard could impact, 1 . Objectives / Financial, ( AObjectives) 2. Degree of Harm (to Staf f, Patient, Visitor or Member of the Public), (BHarm) 3. Claims & Complaints / Patient Experience, (CExperience) 4. Impact on Services / Business Interruption / Projects, (DService Delivery) 5. Adverse Publicity / Reputation/ Inspection / Audit / Enforcement Action. ( EExternal)
HOW TO DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD Once you have determined the consequence (for each of the hazards you identified), you will need to determine the likelihood of the level of consequence you have identified being realised. Remember it’s the likelihood of the consequence occurring, not how of ten the activity takes place. It is also important that any existing control measures are taken into account when determining the likelihood score. The derived score should also evaluate whether: the control adequately addresses the hazard the control measure is documented and communicated the control measure is in operation and applied consistently.
HOW TO ASSESS THE RISK The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard To assess the risk associated with hazards you have identified, ask the following questions: How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone? What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in terms of human suf fering and cost if you dont resolve the problem? How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself. Everyone is dif ferent. A hazard may also pose more risk to some people more than others because of dif ferences in physical strength, experience, training etc.
HOW TO MANAGE THE RISK Level 1: Eliminate the hazard Level 2: Substitute the hazard with a safer alternative Level 3: Isolate the hazard Level 4: Use engineering controls Level 5: Use administrative controls Level 6: Use personal protective clothing and equipment (PPCE) .