HAZARD COMMUNICATION RULEThe hazard communication rule applies to any chemical which is known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a forseeable emergency
RESPONSIBLITY Chemical manufacturers and importers must evaluate chemicals produced in their workplaces or imported by them to determine if they are hazardousEmployers must assess the hazards of chemicals and develop a written hazard communication plan along with training and information
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETChemical manufacturers and importers must obtain and develop a materialsafety data sheet for each hazardous chemical they produce or import andmust develop appropriate labels that provide hazard warning information
EMPLOYEE TRAINING How toReference the chemical test or hazards Use material data safety sheetsUse protective practices including PPE Recognize a release of chemicals Detect over exposure to chemicals Write secondary container labels
HAZARD COMMUNICATION PLAN Employers must develop , implement and maintain a written hazardcommunication plan that contains a list of hazardous chemicals being used in the workplace , assign responsibilities and describes procedures for : Labeling containers Maintaining and using material safety data sheets Information and training Pipe labeling Non routine tsk procedures Contractor procedures
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCEIs any chemical which poses a physical or a health hazard
PHYSICAL HAZARDSAre hcemical reaction that could result in a fire , explosion and/ or tosic gas release which cause physical trauma if chemicals are handled or stored improperly
HEALTH HAZRDSAre health effects caused directly by the chemicals themselves , not an injury resulting from a reaction
FORMS OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALSDusts , fumes . Fibres . Mists . Vapors , gases , solids , liquids
CHEMICAL EFFECTSOn various organs of the human body depend on several important factors : solid , liquid or gas ? Ingested , inhaled , absorbed or injected ? How much chemical makes it’s ways into the body? How poisonous is the chemical?
ROUTES OF ENTRYRoutes of entry of chemicals may take must be known when assessing the workplace for chemical hazards.
ALTERNATIVE LABELING METHODSHMIS ( hazardous material information system) NFPA (national fire protection association )
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETUsed to communicate chemical hazard information from the manufacturer to the employee to train and inform on safe use of hazardous chemicalsEmployers must obtain a MSDS from the chemical manufacturer or import as soon as possibleEmployers must maintain in the workplace copies of required material safety data sheets
EMPLOYEE MUST KNOW The hazard communication program The measures to protect themselvesDetect the release or presence of hazardous chemical Physical and health hazardsWhen new hazardous chemical is used in organization
HAZWOPERHazardous waste operations and emergency response covers response to uncontrollable releases
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