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Procedure lap-chole shamshad ali


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Procedure lap-chole shamshad ali

  1. 1. ORPs Educational Programme Presentation : PROCEDURE: LAP-CHOLE Fascinator : SHAMSHAD ALI Date of Presentation : February 12, 2013 Day & Time : Tuesday @ 08:30 amWhat is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the removal of the gallbladder.How is it done?  It is generally performed using a general anesthesia.  During the procedure the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide to provide room for the procedure.  Through a small incision made at the navel, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen.  Three small additional holes are made to allow the entry of the instruments. The gallbladder is located and the cystic duct and artery are tied off.  The gallbladder is removed and the incision is closed.Why is it done?It is usually done to treat the following conditions such as:  Gall Stones These are solid deposits of cholesterol or calcium salts that form in yourgallbladder or nearby bile ducts  Gall Bladder Polyps These are growths or lesions resembling growths (polypoid lesions) in the wallof the gallbladder.
  2. 2. (PAGE # 02)  Cholecystitis It is the inflammation of the gallbladder (the presence of choleliths orgallstones, in the gallbladder), with choleliths most commonly blocking the cystic ductdirectly.Laparoscopic surgeryIt is associated with less postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmeticresults than the open surgical procedure.Risks and Complications associated with anesthesia  respiratory or cardiac malfunction  Injury to the bile duct, blood vessels or other abdominal organs  Minor shoulder pain (from the carbon dioxide gas)  Post operative bleeding  InfectionAlternativesOpen surgery (laparotomy) may have to be performed in patients with bleeding; ifthere is abnormal anatomy resulting from acute infection; or where scarring fromprevious surgeries or infections prevent a clear view of the anatomy.Candidate eligibilityThe surgeon will make the final determination of each patient’s eligibility for theprocedure after an examination and consultation with the patient.________________________________________________________________________________________________________T H A N K S __________________________________