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ORCID Overview: Why your Lifelong Identifier is Important in the Digital Age (N. Miyairi)

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"ORCID overview: why your lifelong identifier is important in the digital age" presented by Nobuko Miyairi, ORCID Regional Director for Asia Pacific, at the ORCID workshop on 28 February 2017.

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ORCID Overview: Why your Lifelong Identifier is Important in the Digital Age (N. Miyairi)

  1. 1. ORCID OVERVIEW WHY YOUR LIFELONG IDENTIFIER IS IMPORTANT IN THE DIGITAL AGE ORCID 2017 MALAYSIA WORKSHOP PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA, 28 FEB 20176 NOBUKO MIYAIRI Regional Director, Asia Pacific http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3229-5662 #ORCIDMY2017
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  5. 5. 5 In EuroPMC, clicking on the author name linked with his/her ORCID will show the researcher profile with the number of publications & citations, and search results correctly.
  6. 6. 6 • The author Chengshu Wang is often listed as Wang C in his publications. • He uses ORCID so he is distinguished from other Wang C in databases. • His publications are searchable by his ORCID (not by name) in EuroPMC, • … and links back to his ORCID record to show his bio, and more publications.
  7. 7. HOW TO STAND OUT FROM THE CROWD? • ORCID (Open Researcher & Contributor ID) is a persistent, unique identifier that you can use throughout your academic career. • More than 3 .0 million researchers have registered for an iD that helps distinguish them from others, and correctly link their academic work and contributions. • Science, PLOS, IEEE, and other distinguished international journals are starting to mandate ORCID when you submit your manuscripts. • This session will give you a quick understanding on what ORCID is, how it is being used, and why. 7
  8. 8. What is ORCID? 8
  9. 9. WHO WE ARE • Founded in 2010; service started in 2012 • Non-profit, non-proprietary, open • Global, interdisciplinary • Independent, community-driven • Free for individuals • Supported by organizational members who support their users through integrations
  10. 10. BEFORE • First name • Last name • Middle name • Transliteration • By affiliation • By field • By journal • By co-authors … AFTER 10 WHY NAME DISAMBIGUATION?
  11. 11. 11 Researchers can • create, edit and maintain an ORCID record • for free of charge • control privacy settings for every item
  12. 12. USER PRIVACY Information in an ORCID Record has a privacy setting, which is set by the account owner (yourself) LIMITED Accessible by anyone Accessible by Account Owner + Trusted Organization(s) Accessible by Account Owner only 12
  13. 13. • Individuals can register and use ORCID for free of charge whether or not their employer is a member • ORCID is an opt-in system. The researcher controls their record: registration, linked information, privacy and access settings • ORCID member organizations use ORCID API and help to maintain ORCID records by getting permissions from each researcher 13 ORCID IS OPT-IN
  14. 14. Researcher ORCID member organizations Permissions to use ORCID record Register & Manage ORCID record • Basic information • Name • Email addresses etc. • Account settings • Biography, Education, Affiliation • Research activities • Publication • Peer review • Patents • Grants etc. xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx ORCID record Add & update activities 14
  15. 15. Researcher university Permissions to use ORCID record Register & Manage ORCID record • Basic information • Name • Email addresses etc. • Account settings xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx Employment: XXX University Source: XXX University ORCID record This researcher works at: 15 funder This researcher was awarded: Funding: YYY Foundation, Grant #123 Source: YYY Foundation This researcher contributed as: Peer Review: Journal ZZZ, vol. 45, 2016 Source: ZZZ Publishing publisher
  16. 16. MEMBERS BUILD TRUST • ORCID member organizations can facilitate and receive electronic permissions from researchers so that they can help manage their ORCID records. For example: • Universities can assert their researcher’s affiliation • Publishers can add review contributions for their reviewers • Funding organizations can add funding awards to their winner’s ORCID • DOI agencies automatically add new publications as ORCID works • In addition to the information added by researchers themselves, ORCID member organizations add and update researchers’ activities on their ORCID and build academic trust in the ORCID registry • 16
  17. 17. Librarian: “All our researchers should sign up for an ORCID iD, and we teach them how. We also encourage Google Scholar, ResearchGate, etc.” It’s another chore for researchers unless your system is connected.
  18. 18. ORCID • Open • Managed by researchers + ORCID community Profile systems • Proprietary & closed • Managed by researchers themselves 18 ORCID IS NOT A PROFILE SYSTEM
  19. 19. Researcher Register & Manage ORCID record • Basic information • Name • Email addresses etc. • Account settings xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx Employment: XXX University Source: me ORCID record 19 Funding: YYY Foundation, Grant #123 Source: me Peer Review: Journal ZZZ, vol. 23, 2016 Source: me It’s another chore for researchers unless your system is connected.
  20. 20. 20 ORCID SAVES TIME University Library Funde rs Faculty Profiles Researcher Publishers • Create, edit, and maintain free ORCID record • Give explicit permissions for services to use iD • Control privacy settings, and read/write access • Change settings and access privileges at any time
  21. 21. ORCID PROVIDES: Plumbing for research information Tools to build trust in digital information
  22. 22. How widespread is ORCID? 22
  23. 23. ORCID TODAY • Over 3.0 million researchers • 650+ members from 40 countries, including national consortia in the UK, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand and 4 regional consortia in the US • Over 300 integrations with another 200 in the pipeline
  24. 24. Asia Pacific 15% Europe 50% Latin America 1% Middle East & Africa 4% North America 30% Publisher/ Association 14% Funder 3% Governme nt 2% Repository /Profile Org 6% Research Institute 75% MEMBER BREAKDOWN By region By sector
  25. 25. HOLDERS (& MEMBERS) IN APAC 25 China 117,052 (3) India 37,095 (1) Japan 53,631 (9) South Korea 32,271 (1) Taiwan 17,197 (8) Hong Kong 10,085 (8) Malaysia 11,350 (1) Singapore 7,184 (2) Indonesia 7,138 (0) Vietnam 2,054 (0) Thailand 4,024 (0) Philippines 2,198 (0) Australia 58,550 (44) New Zealand 8,378 (43) ORCID holders by email domain as of Jan 2017
  26. 26. WE NEED YOU TO HELP! • Researchers can save time if the organizations they interact with become ORCID members, connect iDs and their publications, funding, and other research activity records • They need YOUR support to understand • What is ORCID • Why use ORCID • How to make it easy and spend LESS time on admin process, and MORE on research activities 26
  27. 27. AUTHENTICATION? 27 Use an authenticated API to collect iD (username & password) to ensure the person and the iD belong together, the iD is correct (no typos), and that privacy is respected. For more info on membership, visit http://orcid.org/about/membership
  28. 28. 28 More about ORCID membership later…
  29. 29. How ORCID connects your identity & works 29
  30. 30. 30 ORCID @ PUBLICATIONS
  31. 31. 31 ORCID @ PUBLICATIONS
  32. 32. 32 ORCID AUTHORIZATION Submission systems can prompt authors to log in with their ORCID, and populate authors’ basic information (bio, email address etc), and embed ORCID iDs when the article is accepted.
  33. 33. ORCID AUTO-UPDATE 33 Author • Link own ORCID to author profile • Add ORCID to co-authors too Publisher Embed authors’ ORCID in the metadata when the manuscript is accepted Check authors’ ORCID in the metadata when assigning DOIs to new publications Receive new publication info from Crossref and add to authors’ ORCID records Notified by email
  34. 34. 34 OAUTH AUTHENTICATION - Log in with an existing ORCID iD - or Create a new iD if you don’t have one
  35. 35. 35 Give permissions to Crossref so your new publications will be automatically added to your ORCID record
  36. 36. 36 ORCID SINGLE SIGN-ON Use ORCID to log in multiple journal sites
  37. 37. http://orcid.org/content/requiring-orcid-publication-workflows-open-letter ORCID PUBLISHER MANDATES More and more publishers are providing options to link authors’ and reviewers’ ORCID in manuscript submission systems. Some publishers are starting to mandate ORCID. • 37
  38. 38. 38 CREDIT PEER REVIEW Publishers can credit peer reviewers by inserting to one’s ORCID record
  39. 39. 39 ORCID @ DATABASES ORCID data feed allows databases to insert ORCID iDs retrospectively in their records
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  41. 41. ORCID @ FUNDERS • Funders are starting to adopt ORCID in funding application process • They can inject funding information to ORCID records with its source clearly indicated = evidence • 41 • Request permission during grant application • Collect identifier • Display in internal systems • Assert funding in ORCID record • Information available to reuse in other systems
  42. 42. NATIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS • Austria: Funder requirement 2016 • Italy: National consortium 2015 • Finland: National recommendation 2015 • Australia: National recommendation 2015 • Denmark: University launch 2014 • Spain: Launched 2 consortia in 2014 • Portugal: Funder requirement 2013 • Sweden: National recommendation 2013 • UK: National recommendation 2013, pilot 2014, consortium 2015 42
  43. 43. 43 ORCID @ INSTITUTIONS Research institutions offer personal homepages where researchers can link their ORCID iDs and showcase their research output globally.
  44. 44. ORCID @ REPOSITORIES Example: King Abdullah University of Science & Technology 44
  45. 45. 45 COLLECT, CONNECT, AND UPDATE http://orcid.kaust.edu.sa/
  46. 46. 46 ORCID @ NATIONAL DATABASE
  47. 47. 47 DISPLAY • In metadata • On sites • In publications CONNECT • Affiliations (employers) • Works (publishers) • Awards (funders) COLLECT & CONNECT
  48. 48. It’s a community effort! ORCID is a community effort
  49. 49. 49 More about ORCID community later…
  50. 50. 50 THANKS! Nobuko Miyairi ORCID Regional Director, Asia Pacific n.miyairi@orcid.org

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