Creative Solutions in Lean Budget Times April 10-12, 2012 Walt Disney World Swan Resort
Accepted Learning Objectives:1. Describe the successful Recovery Kentuckyprogram as a means to provide additional recoverycenters.2. Describe the primary outcome of the SheridanProgram – reduced recidivism – and how thisoutcome is affected by intermediate programoutcomes such as completion of the therapeuticcommunity, admission and retention in communitytreatment, and completion of case managementrequirements.3. Evaluate the cost of incarceration versus the cost ofproviding treatment/recovery services.
Disclosure Statement• All presenters for this session, Leslie Balonick and Mike Townsend, have disclosed no relevant, real or apparent personal or professional financial relationships.
The Illinois Story• 27 adult Institutions• Over 46,000 inmates – 40% for drug law violations• 54% recidivism rate• 36,000 adults on parole• Over half will return to prison within 3 years of release• Over 80% returning to ten areas of the state
The Plan• Illinois Community Safety and Reentry Commission convened in December 2004• Subcommittees held public hearings & reviewed national best practices and model programs
GUIDING PRINCIPLES• REDUCING RECIDIVISM WILL HELP IMPROVE PUBLIC SAFETY• RECIDIVISM IS COSTLY• INMATES’ CHALLENGES ARE LONG- STANDING AND EXTENSIVE• JUST DOING TIME IS NOT ENOUGH• LEARN FROM PAST SUCCESS
OVERARCHING PRINCIPLEPRISONERS MUST PREPARE FOR REENTRY SERVICES FROM DAY ONE AND SUPPORTS THEY RECEIVE IN PRISON MUST BE EXTENDED AFTER THEY LEAVE PRISON!
Sheridan• Opened January 2004• Fully dedicated substance abuse treatment prison – modified therapeutic community• 1,650 beds – 400 reentry beds• Education and vocational training• Aftercare & case management upon release
Sheridan Intake FLOW Outcomes • All inmates given a drug screen at R&C • If qualify, can voluntarily go to Sheridan • Lower Recidivism • Employment • Community Engagement In Prison • Integrated Assessment/Plan • Substance Abuse Treatment • Job Readiness • Vocational and Educational Training Community Integration Reentry Planning Home • CSAC • Integrated Staffings • Parole & TASC• Integrated Tx and Reentry plan • Job Search• 120, 60, 45 and 30 day staffings • Ongoing Treatment• Inner Circle • Job Search• Job preparedness class• Aftercare Recommendation
Who is eligible?• Diagnosed as in- need of substance abuse treatment• Volunteers• 9 -36 months left to serve in prison• Are eligible for medium security – No current, prior murder, sex offense convictions• No untreated severe mental illness
Stakeholders• Client• Illinois Department of Corrections• Educational and Vocational Units• WestCare Foundation• TASC• Safer Foundation• Placement Resource Unit• Parole• Community Treatment Providers• Community Support Advisory Council (CSAC)
Client DemographicsOlson, D.E. & Rozhon, J. (2011). A process and impact evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Center therapeuticcommunity program during fiscal years 2004 through 2010.Chicago, IL: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority.
Lower Recidivism • Likelihood of re-incarceration for Sheridan graduates who complete aftercare is 44% lower than statistically similar comparison group • 16% overall lower likelihood of being re- incarcerated than comparison group • Sheridan graduates that did not complete aftercare had a higher likelihood (30 percent) of a return to prison.Olson, D.E. & Rozhon, J. (2011). A process and impact evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Centertherapeutic community program during fiscal years 2004 through 2010.Chicago, IL: IllinoisCriminal Justice Information Authority.
Improved Psychological & Social FunctioningOlson, D.E. & Rozhon, J. (2011). A process and impact evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Centertherapeutic community program during fiscal years 2004 through 2010.Chicago, IL: Illinois CriminalJustice Information Authority.
Employment – 55% of clients released had a job start • 2,533 overall job starts – 57% of clients obtained a job start within 60 days from release – Average wage: $8.82 • Range: $8.55 - $10.09 – Employer sectors • Manufacturing/Warehousing (30%) • Construction (16%) • Customer Service (16%) • Hospitality (11%)Olson, D. E., Rozhon, J., & Powers, M. (2009). Enhancing prisoner reentry through access to prison-based and post-incarceration aftercare treatment: experiences from the Illinois SheridanCorrectional Center therapeutic community. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 5(3), 299-321.
Client Comments: Sheridan different from traditional prison“Everybody was understanding, there was a big brother thing going on.”“It was more like getting a second chance. More than sitting in a cell and watching TV. [I was able to] find out the cause of what gets me going out using drugs, drinking.”
Client Comments: Sheridan and Success“Prepared me to live, to be a man. Prepared me to live life on lifes terms. Gave me hope. Coming from where I came from that was really unique.”“Got me mentally ready; knowing what to expect when I go back to the world; gave hope, life.”“Teach you about patience, understanding, respect, respect for others, how to think clearly without being on drugs. You need responsibility in situations.”
Cost of Incarceration versus TreatmentSheridan Correctional Center
Treatment Saves• Each dollar spent on treatment saves between $4 and $7 in reduced drug related crime and subsequent costs to the criminal justice system.(Mears, D.P, Winterfield, L., Hunsaker, J., Moore, G.E., and White, R.M. (2003). Drug treatment in the criminal justice system: The current state of knowledge. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute.)• Providing returning offenders with the services and resources they need reduces their chances of re-incarceration. Benefits of services after reentry include reduced incarceration costs, welfare payments, and medical costs, as well as increased tax revenue.(Cohen, 2001), increased public safety, and less victimization to the community (Fretz, Helivbrun, & Brown, 2005).
Cost of Incarceration v. Treatment: Need to look at the long term• IDOC annual average cost per inmate- $22,043 – With 50% recidivism rate adding to original investments.• Sheridan annual average cost per inmate- $34,733 – With lower likelihood of recidivating – Includes all post-release costs (i.e. aftercare and case management)
Additional Cost SavingsEarned Good Conduct CreditFrom SFY 2005-2010: – a savings of 714 years of incarceration , which equates to $16.7 million, or $2.78 million per year, in reduced incarceration costs(Olson, D.E. & Rozhon, J. (2011). A process and impact evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Center therapeutic community program during fiscal years 2004 through 2010. Chicago, IL: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority.)
Contact InformationLeslie Balonick- Senior Vice PresidentLeslie.email@example.comStanley Brooks- Program DirectorStanley.firstname.lastname@example.org