What Parents Can Do April 10-12, 2012Walt Disney World Swan Resort
Accepted Learning Objectives1. Compare mixed-method studies that focus onbehavioral factors related to drug use andabuse, especially among youth andadolescents.2. Outline proven comprehensive strategies forcombating prescription drug abuse through thedevelopment of community partnerships.3. Express the impact of prescription drug abuseon families and communities through anecdotalpersonal stories.
Disclosure StatementAll presenters for this session, Dr. Carol J.Boyd, Dr. Gary Martin, and Karen Perry,have disclosed no relevant, real orapparent personal or professionalfinancial relationships.
The Killer Amongst Us… Drug Overdose Dr. Gary Mar<n Palm Beach County Sheriﬀ s Oﬃce/Lynn University
Na<onal Overdose Sta<s<cs 27,658 uninten-onal drug poisonings 100% increase in overdose deaths from years 2000-‐2006 Drug overdose deaths second to car accidents for uninten-onal injury deaths
Three Strategies Law Enforcement Public Awareness Quan<ta<ve Research
Law Enforcement Reviewing each overdose death inves-ga-on. Applying all relevant statutes to the circumstances. Forwarding all narco-cs intelligence. 19.3 % of the case reviews generated narco-cs intelligence.
Public Awareness Forging coopera-ve rela-onships with families who have lost loved ones to drug overdose death. Providing overdose risk awareness programs to students and parents. Designing a mul-media public service campaign focusing on the risks associated with prescrip-on drug misuse and abuse. Seeking legisla-ve ac-on to discourage doctor shopping and prescrip-on drug diversion.
911 Good Samaritan Legisla<on A Drug Overdose Interven-on Strategy. Oﬀers-‐limited immunity from criminal prosecu-on for person(s) who, in good faith, seek medical aWen-on during a drug-‐related medical crisis. Intent-‐reduce the number of drug overdose deaths by removing the fear of arrest as a barrier to seeking emergency medical assistance.
Quan<ta<ve Research Collec-ng extensive demographic and circumstan-al data from each overdose death inves-ga-on. Designing a prac-cal overdose death database. Exposing overdose correla-ons and trends.
Case Examina<ons 353 overdose death cases Palm Beach County, Florida Selected by chronological occurrence Data derived from: Police and paramedic reports Autopsy and toxicology ﬁndings Family and friend interviews Medical records
Overdose Risk Proﬁle Demographic Indicators: White Male Approximately 40 years old High School Diploma or GED Employed
Overdose Risk Proﬁle Sta<c Indicators: History of substance abuse History of drug related arrests History of substance abuse treatment History of mental health treatment History of non fatal drug overdose Under physician s care at -me of death
Overdose Risk Proﬁle Circumstan<al Indicators: Died at home Discovered by family member Last act is sleeping Found unconscious Others present at death scene Other recognized distress Died from accidental mul-ple drug toxicity Most likely combina-ons are alprazolam, oxycodone, cocaine, and methadone
NOPE Task Force 866-‐612-‐NOPE Ask Adam (Ask Ques<ons Anonymously) www.nopetaskforce.org Dr. Gary Mar<n Mar<nG@pbso.org