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Leeds 190313

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Leeds 190313

  1. 1. BfL12 TrainingLeeds, March 19th 2013Sue McGlynn, Garry Hall and Phil Smith
  2. 2. About&OPUN:&• "We"operate"as"a"charity"with"low"overheads"• "Design"review"• "Not"for"profit""• "Trusted,"independent"and"impar=al"""
  3. 3. OPUN"is"posi=oning"itself"as"the"leading&provider"of"""""""BfL"12"training"in"the"region"working"in"partnership"with"NoFngham"Trent"University"
  4. 4. The&role&of&Architecture&Centres:&BfL12"training""Support"and"advice"–"enabling"Championing"the"use"of"BfL12"locally"Built"for"Life"–"key"opportunity"for"local"centres"
  5. 5. Design Quality andSubjectivity – all amatter of opinion?Phil Smith
  6. 6. The principles thatunderpin Building forLife 12Sue McGlynn
  7. 7. Our vision is toimprove the urbandesign quality ofhouse building inEngland, helping thecountry to build moreand better homes andcommunities…
  8. 8. Introduction: Searching for characterHow can we create places with a distinctivecharacter and their own sense of place?
  9. 9. The&&quest&&for&&character&
  10. 10. Movement and landscapeThe DNA ofplace Streets Neighbourhood Open spaces/gardens Building elements/materials
  11. 11. Settlement form: Movement and landscape Urban form and functions Building form: Details & materials
  12. 12. 1. Linking landscapes for humans + wildlife Balancing movement, access and ecology Tight urbanism v’s landscapeHanham Hall, Bristol Whitehill Bordon Masterplan
  13. 13. ‘Feel and function’: Integrating sustainable drainage + waste Upton – NorthamptonMaking landscapes: Swales, permeable surfaces and even waste treatment can shape character
  14. 14. Making space for green and blue infrastructure
  15. 15. 2. Using landscape to generate character areasNeighbourhoods"defined"by"landscape"and"topography,"Sherford"
  16. 16. Green corridors and streetsGreen routes for the whole movement network– from rural edge to town centre
  17. 17. 3. Connections: Street spacing and walkability Connected streets and routes make places walkable and increase use of public transport!
  18. 18. External&and&&internal&links&
  19. 19. Streets are long-lasting elements of place A key influence on place making and local identityStreets: Give access and the potentialto experience places
  20. 20. Streets as attractive, social spaces…Designing for the car but not letting it take over the social uses ofthe space.Standard highways geometries make places look the same
  21. 21. Street design, street width, building placement:Varying character in a neighbourhoodLong or short streets, wiggly or straight?Front gardens or no front gardens? A walkable space or car-dominated?
  22. 22. 4. Varying character by varying house types and styles
  23. 23. 5. Time and personalisation add to character at the largest and smallest scalesDe Dijk, Rijswijk
  24. 24. 6. Density and perception of densityDensity: A measure not a quality
  25. 25. 7. A sense of community focus Community spacesThe Triangle, Swindon Ypenburg, The Hague -  Allotments / community gardens -  Play space -  Facilities for sport
  26. 26. Landscape structureUrban structureSite structure
  27. 27. Building for Life 12:Transition andRemodelling
  28. 28. Why"the"Update?"
  29. 29. • "Comprehensive"spending"review"–"dissolu=on"of"CABE""• "Slimmer,"less"resourced"Cabe"at"the"Design"Council""• "NPPF"and"Housing"Strategy"• "Growth"agenda"""• "Quality"agenda"""• "Fewer"resources"across"the"board"""• "Deregula=on"–"red"tape"‘witch"hunt’""• "Localism""
  30. 30. The&quality&picture&–&how&was&pracCce&responding?""
  31. 31. CABE"(2007)""
  32. 32. CABE&(2010)&&
  33. 33. BfL&was&not&delivering&the&change&expected""""
  34. 34. Could&we&add&value&by&designing&out&issues&with&BfL&2008?"""
  35. 35. Higher&res&v&lower&res&Points&chasing&Assessment&rather&than&dialogue&based""
  36. 36. “…moveawayfromthestandards2basedapproachandbacktobeingastar9ngpoint fornego9a9ons…”"""
  37. 37. Published"21st"Nov"2011"Meant"to"‘get"the"na=on"building’"
  38. 38. “ThisGovernmentrecognisesthatwhatwebuildisjustasimportantashowmanyhomeswebuild”"""
  39. 39. “ToolssuchasBuildingforLifesetoutsomeofthefeaturesthatareusefultoconsiderwhendesigningnewhomesandneighbourhoods”"""
  40. 40. “Wealsoseean opportunitytoadaptexis9ngsuccessfultoolkits,suchasBuildingforLife,to supportcommuni9es”"""
  41. 41. “ThisGovernmentaEaches greatimportancetothe designofthebuilt environment”"""
  42. 42. “respondtolocalcharacter”""" “createsafeandaccessible environments”""" “willfunc9onwell”"""“addtotheoverallqualityofthearea”""" “establishastrongsenseof place”"""
  43. 43. “promoteorreinforcelocaldis9nc9veness”""" “addresstheconnec9ons betweenpeopleandplace”"""
  44. 44. Remodelling&BfL&was&not&a&choice,&but&a&necessity&if&it&were&to&survive&and&remain&relevant.""
  45. 45. Our vision is to improve the urban designquality of house building in England, helpingthe country to build more and better homesand communities, by:
  46. 46. 1. Providing a clear quality framework (clarityand certainty for industry)
  47. 47. 1.  Providing a clear quality framework2.  Promoting design dialogue at the start of the process
  48. 48. 1.  Providing a clear quality framework2.  Promoting design dialogue at the start of the process3. Help stimulate consumer demand for and recognition of better quality
  49. 49. 1.  Providing a clear quality framework2.  Promoting design dialogue at the start of the process3. Help stimulate consumer demand for and recognition of better quality4. Reward house builders for good design at point of sale
  50. 50. • "Remodelling"BfL"was"not"a"choice,"but"a"necessity"if"it"were"to"survive.""• "Could&we&remodel&in&a&way&that&secured&industry&support&but&also&added&value?"""
  51. 51. Industry&frustraCon…&
  52. 52. “Rubbish”
  53. 53. Building for Life 12:The questions andhow it works
  54. 54. Status&of&Building&for&Life&&&
  55. 55. 3 sec=ons12 ques=ons60 good"prac=ce"recommenda=ons""""
  56. 56. Landscape structureUrban structureSite structure
  57. 57. • "12"ques=ons"(ra=onalisa=on)""• "More"accessible""• "Designed"for"community"engagement""• "StarCng&point&for&discussions"""• "No"scoring"regime""• "Avoid"reds,"minimise"ambers,"aim"for"greens""""
  58. 58. Start&the&process&with&all&quesCons&set&at&‘amber’"""""We&recommend&that&local&authoriCes&avoid&fixed&thresholds,&i.e.&only&approve&12&‘greens’&&12"‘greens’""versus"11"‘greens’"and"1"(robustly"jus=fied)"‘amber’?""
  59. 59. Underlying&principles:&Building"for"Life"must"be"seen"as"facilitator"of"quality,speedygrowth"""""
  60. 60. Q1.&ConnecCons&• "Prompts"you"to"think"beyond"the"red"line"• "Suggests"overlooked"routes"as"best"prac=ce"• "Warns"against"insular"developments"–"this"would"score"a"‘red’"if"no"good"explana=on"is"given"
  61. 61. Q6.&Working&with&the&site&and&its&context&• "Prompts"discussion"of"site"analysis"• "Role"of"landscape"in"adding"character"• "Highlights"the"need"to"integrate"natural"and"human"systems"–"lots"of"research"to"support"this"as"important"
  62. 62. Q7.&CreaCng&well&defined&streets&and&spaces&&• "Recognising"the"value"of"the"street"as"the"key"structural"element"of"urbanised"areas"• "Role"of"landscape"in"defining"streets"and"spaces"• "The"importance"of"perimeter"block"forma=on,"logical"building"lines"and"corners"
  63. 63. Trn corner
  64. 64. Q9.&Streets&for&all&• "Natural"signpost"to"MfS"–"user"hierarchy""• "Prompts"put"emphasis"on"design"to"influence"behaviour"• "Also"talks"about"overlooking"
  65. 65. Q9.&Car&parking&• "Stresses"convenience"–"as"this"is"how"people"WILL"park"• "Prompts"suggest"parking"in"the"street"as"an"op=on"• "Emphasis"on"overlooked"parking"too"
  66. 66. Q11.&Public&and&private&spaces&• "Steers"discussion"to"le`"over"spaces"and"ownership"• "Prompts"you"to"think"about"loca=on"AND"quality"of"amenity"space"• "Fenced"play"areas"are"not"recommended"
  67. 67. Q12.&External&storage&and&amenity&space&• "Gets"you"talking"about"these"issues"at"an"early"stage"• "Prompts"talk"about"bikes"and"bins,"but"also"the"realis=c"use"of"garages"too"• "Steers"you"away"from"unsecure"cycle"storage"etc"–"overlaps"with"crime"preven=on"agenda"
  68. 68. Case&Study:&Manor&Kingsway,&Derby&
  69. 69. Image credit: OPUN/HCA
  70. 70. Image credit: OPUN/HCA
  71. 71. Image credit: OPUN/HCA
  72. 72. Built&for&Life&awards&&
  73. 73. • "Built"for"Life"will"reward"developers"at"the"point"of"sale"for"good"design.""• "Annual"league"tables"–"possibly"the"first"being"published"in"2014"to"give"the"industry"=me"to"respond."• "Launched"6"February"at"Westminster"with"Nick"Bowles"MP"and"Lord"Carlisle"""• "Significant"interest"from"industry"in"the"scheme"already"(and"this"is"before"the"launch!)"
  74. 74. • "‘12"green’"schemes"independently"verified"by"an"architecture"centre"will"be"en=tled"to"apply"for"a"Built"for"Life"licence"from"the"BfL"Partnership."• "Local"centres"will"be"permided"to"charge"for"this"service,"but"fees"will"need"to"be"agreed"collec=vely"so"there’s"consistent"pricing"in"consulta=on"with"Design"for"Homes"as"price"points"are"sensi=ve."• "Licences"will"be"charged"per"market"rate"sale"unit"""• "Local"centres"need"to"iden=fy"Building"for"Life"advisors"to"undertake"these"reviews.""
  75. 75. Site&Visits&–&Using&BfL12&in&the&field&

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