OPORA RUSSIAALL-RUSSIAN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION OF SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESS
WHAT IS SME IN RUSSIA?* Individual entrepreneur - up to 5 employees Micro – up to 15 employees Number of employees Small – up to 100 employees Medium – up to 250 employees Micro – no more than 60 mil. rubles (~ 2 mil.$) Turnover Small – no more than 400 mil. rubles (~ 13,3 mil.$) Medium – no more than 1 billion rubles (~ 33,3 mil.$)* Criteria are set by the Federal law related to small and medium-sized business development
STRUCTURE OF SMALL ENTREPRENEURSHIP* Scientific research Transport and and development communication Public health 0,8% 5,9% and social services 1,2% Manufacturing activities Wholesale 10,3% and retail trade 41% Construction 12,1% Other 28,7%*The data does not include the information about individual entrepreneurs
DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN A MARKET ECONOMY
THE LATEST DYNAMICS OF SMALL ENTREPRENEURSHIP’sDEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA Small and micro enterprises (at the end of year), thou. Individual entrepreneurs, thou. Total, thou. Nowadays in Russia: Number of medium enterprises - 18 thou. Number of employees in SME – 17 million people 21 % contribution of SME in GDP 22,5 % of working-age population is employed in SME
OUR TARGETEmployment rate in SME Contribution of SME to GDP
TRENDS OF SME DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA The SME development law was established (January 1st, 2008). All federal executive bodies were obliged to found consultative agencies for small and medium business (RF Presidential Decree No.797 of May 15, 2008). The Governmental Commission on Small and Medium-Sized Business was launched (2008).
FEDERAL PROGRAM OF SME SUPPORT Funding dynamics according to Federal Program of SME Support
GROUP OF OPORA RUSSIA OPORA OPORA RUSSIA OPORA SME Non-Profit Partnership All-Russian The All-Russian Association of “All Russian Union of Business Non-Governmental Organization of Employers «Union of SME Associations” Small and Medium-Sized Business Employers’ Organizations» (established in September 2001) (established in September 2002) (established in December 2009)Entrepreneurial sectoral associations 81 regional 42 regional and unions (125) divisions associations About 370 000 entrepreneurs Approx. 5 million jobs
NON-PROFIT PARTNERSHIP “ALL RUSSIAN UNION OF BUSINESSASSOCIATIONS “OPORА” OPORA cooperates with different industries, accumulating positions of entreprneurial sectoral associations and unions. OPORA is comprised of 125 entrepreneurial associations nowadays.
ALL-RUSSIAN ASSOCIATION OF EMPLOYERS «UNION OFSME EMPLOYERS’ ORGANIZATIONS» (OPORA SME) Protection of OPORA SME members’ rights and interests. Negotiation with the Government and trade unions concerning labor and economic relations . OPORA SME is comprised of 42 regional associations nowadays.
MAIN ACTIVITIES OF OPORA RUSSIA Consultations with governmental agencies, expertise of draft laws Regional development Analytical research Protection of SME rights International activity
COOPERATION AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL Presidential AdministrationGovernment of the RF Prosecutor Generals Office Council on Competitiveness and Research Advisory Council Entrepreneurship Governmental commissions: on Small and Medium-Sized Business Council of the Federation on Administrative Reform on Transport and Communications Council on SME Development on High Technologies and Innovations under the Chairman of the Council of the FederationState Duma Expert Boards under Committees Expert Boards under Committees Political parties Council on SME Development under the Chairman Consultations with the leading of the State Duma Supreme Commercial Court political parties of the RF Right of presence at the Meetings of the Presidium
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPORA RUSSIA has its departments in 81 regions of the country including 251 local departmentsRegions where OPORA RUSSIA has its departments
ANALYTICAL RESEARCH OF OPORA RUSSIA«SME development in the regions of the RF «Index ofOPORA» (2008)«SMEs in industrial and technological development» (2008)Regular monitoring of SME situation in the global financialcrisis (2009 - 2010)«Competing for the future today: the innovative policy ofnew generation for Russia» (2010)
«SME DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGIONS OF THE RF «INDEX OF OPORA» More than 5 500 respondents from 40 Russian regions. An objective estimation of SME conditions, entrepreneurial climate and factors in the regions. The results of the analytical research are posted on the Federal portal of SME.
PROTECTION OF SME RIGHTS The Bureau of Protection of SME rights operates under OPORA RUSSIA20 regional offices of the Bureau in the entities of the RF. Over 7 500 application forms from the regionalentrepreneurs for the last 7 years. Over 3 500 application forms to the governmentalauthorities, 25 % of which - to the Prosecutor General’sOffice
OPORA RUSSIA IN LEGISLATIVE PROCESS President of the Russian Federation Consideration of law in the Federation Council recommitmentrejecting of law approval of law of law Debates in the State Duma (1 – 3) Working on draft law Legislative initiative
GOVERNMENTAL COMMISSION ON SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINES Igor Shuvalov The Commission First Deputy Prime Minister, coordinates the Chairman of the Commission activity of agencies of executive power and cooperation with Elvira Nabiullina representatives of Minister for Economic Development, the business community Deputy Chairman in drafting proposals of the Commission linked with the implementation of the state policy in Sergey Borisov the sphere of President of OPORA RUSSIA, promoting SME. Deputy Chairman of the Commission
INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITY OF OPORA RUSSIAOur partners: UNICE ASECAM (Spain) OECD US-RUSSIA CENTER for entrepreneurship (USA) BUSINSSEUROPE CONFAPI (Italy) OSEC (Switzerland) CECC (China) FFE (Finland) FICCI (India) CGPME (France) SBF (Singapore) KFSB (Korea) Russian-German Chamber of Foreign Trade FSB (Great Britain) SARIO (Slovakia) NFIB (USA)
INTERNATIONAL REPRESENTATIVES OF OPORA RUSSIA The representatives provides the following services: Information Consulting Business partner search
International SME forums internationalization INTERNATIONAL “Missions SCOPES Joint projectsfor technologies” OF OPORA RUSSIA English version Businessof OPORA’s portal meetings
INTERNATIONALIZATION OF SME Exports Imports ForeignSME Foreign direct investment partner International subcontracting International technical cooperation
LINK BETWEEN INTERNATIONALIZATION AND INNOVATION Innovation + Innovation SME internationalization Introduce product/service and process innovations RARELY OFTEN EnterLOCAL MARKETS LOCAL/FOREIGN MARKETS Mobilize HOME HOME/FOREIGN INVESTMENTS INVESTMENTS
SPECIAL PROJECTS OF OPORA RUSSIA OPORA-CREDIT OPORA-DRUZHBA OPORA GIE IACE SME-OPORA IAADE SME-OPORA OPORA IT
Media-holding company OPORA-CREDIT consists of media-portal www.opora-credit.ru , magazine“All about finances for small business” and subdivisionresponsible for the organization of regional conferences “All about finances for small business”. 615 131 visitors of the site 10 000 copies of the magazineabout 500 participants in each regional conference
Goal: to form a favorable migration environment in the countryto provide SME with the required labor resources Analyzing of international experience. All-Russia network of the centers of assistance and labor exchange. International network of information centers. Extensive support of foreign employees and entrepreneurs in Russia.
GUILD OF INNOVATIVE ENTREPRENEURS “OPORA GIE” Attraction and selection of innovative projects Consultative support of the projects Presidential Commission on Project’s system of mentoring Modernisation and Technological Intellectual property management system Development of Russian EconomyOPORA Preparing of proposals for innovative policy GIE development Innovative Making and boosting the demand from centre large business in Skolkovo Preparing of proposals for SME development Training and education of innovative managers
To facilitate the access for SME to the construction and designmarket in terms of self-regulation were created: INTERREGIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR CONSTRUCTION ENTERPRISES OF SME – OPORA. NON-PROFIT PARTNERSHIP. INTERREGIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN ENTERPRISES OF SME – OPORA. NON-PROFIT PARTNERSHIP.