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Bringing Dynamism to OPNFV


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Ulrich Kleber, Huawei, Tim Rozet, Red Hat, Jose Lausuch, Ericsson

Continuous Integration (CI) principles and practices ensure that developers commit their changes to master frequently in order on introduce new features quickly, detect faults early, and provide fixes faster. OPNFV puts great importance on CI and continuously improves how it is done.

One of the main prerequisites for CI is a consistent way of handling the software that is frequently built, integrated, deployed, and tested, achieving reproducibility, reliability and traceability. Another requirement for CI is to have the ability to use resources properly, ensuring that the activities are done on resources that have the capabilities needed by the software that is being tested by allocating resources dynamically. These practices ensure increased resource utilisation, getting rid of the waste and reduce the time it takes to get the feedback from CI further.

The introduction of the Scenario Descriptor File and POD Descriptor File aim to enable full dynamicity by bringing alignment for how the software is integrated and the resources assigned, making it possible to serve the needs of the community. In addition to CI, the entire OPNFV community can benefit from this dynamism.

During this session, we will talk about our experiences, the current activities, the problems that are addressed, the benefits, and how everyone can contribute to this work.

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Bringing Dynamism to OPNFV

  1. 1. Bringing Dynamism to OPNFV Fatih Degirmenci, Jose Lausuch, Tim Rozet, Uli Kleber
  2. 2. Intro to Continuous Integration • OPNFV uses Continuous Integration (CI) for automatic build, deploy and testing. • Patches are automatically verified and periodic full deployments and tests provide fast feedback • Results are publicly visible, so the community can react • Community labs provide the resources • BUT: The nature of OPNFV brings additional challenges • Dependency on upstream projects (see XCI, presentation earlier today) • Support of multiple combinations of upstream components – so called scenarios
  3. 3. OPNFV‘s CI/CD principles and challenges • Need to continuously deploy using multiple installers and scenarios • 5 installers, 64 scenarios (Danube), 3-5 hours to deploy and test each scenario, daily jobs over 40 hours of runtime • Resource dependencies • Installer specific environments need to be prepared in the labs/PODs • Current CI has fixed resource assignments per installers • 2 CI PODs per installer • Limited execution time for installers that support high number of scenarios • Each OPNFV installer uses it's own form of input from CI to deploy scenarios, rather than a common method. • Currently scenarios and installers need to be assigned manually to PODs • We cannot react quickly on resource shortage even when hardware is available
  4. 4. The Principle of Dynamic CI • Allow CI to assign lab resources dynamically • Any installer, any scenario, any option, any POD • Step 1: more flexibility for PODs, (see presentation at 2:20pm) • Step 2: full dynamic assignments • Introduction of common configuration files for PODs and Scenarios • All stakeholder use same file formats • Lab owners, Scenario owners • CI tools • Installers • Contents of POD Descriptor File (PDF) and Scenario Descriptor File (SDF) • Usage overview (workflows) for CI, installers, developers, testing and lifecycle ? Goal Prerequisites We will explain
  5. 5. Users of PDF
  6. 6. Contents of PDF pod.yaml • Metadata • Labowner • Location • Hardware information per node • Cpu • Disks • OS (jumphost) • Remote management • Network Interfaces Network.yaml (Common for all PODs in a lab) • Metadata • Labowner • Location • Common Network Info • IP-address ranges • Subnets • Vlan configurations/tags
  7. 7. Contents of SDF • Metadata • Name • History • Purpose • Owner • Components • e.g. SDN controllers • Versions • Optional features, e.g. NFV features • Deployment Options • Hardwaretypes • Virtual deploy • HA, NOHA • Deployment Tools • Supporting installers • Valid options per installer • Hardware Prerequisites • e.g. SRIOV, DPDK
  8. 8. CI using PDF and SDF for decision making • CI knows valid combinations of scenarios, options, installers • Use information from SDF • All valid combination need to be deployed according to certain rules • Some tests require a specific installer, some are flexible • Release testing requires all combinations to be tested • CI can select dynamically a free POD for a deployment • Use information from PDF (check hardware prerequisites) • Jenkins will distribute the load between available PODs
  9. 9. Installer consuming PDF and SDF for deployment 1. Get upstream component list from SDF 2. Get features for upstream components from SDF 3. Get deployment options from SDF 4. Get hardware and network details from PDF 5. Prepare deployment steps for each role • Customize steps with above information • Generate mapping on nodes and networks • Execute necessary additional network configurations on POD 6. Execute deployment 7. Generate summary file: • List of deployed components with exact versions including dependencies • Generated networks, usedids&passwords 8. Trigger test framework
  10. 10. Dynamic POD and Scenario Allocation and Testing Type of test cases: • common to all scenarios and installers (e.g. vPing) • supported by certain installers only (e.g. security scan) • specific to certain capabilities and installed features (e.g SFC) Test frameworks need to know the deployment options to trigger the appropriate test cases.
  11. 11. Introduction Strategy • Creating PDF files in Euphrates Release • PDF Converter tool to minimize installer efforts • Preparing SDF template and workflows during Euphrates • Phase 1 of Dynamic CI (PDF) during Euphrates • Work according to Scenario Lifecycle in F-Release • Phase 2 of Dynamic CI (SDF) during F-Release
  12. 12. • Benefits of Dynamic CI concept • Better resource usage • Easier to add more resources for CI • PDF/SDF are important for us to have single source of truth (instead of information being distributed over gerrit, wiki, dashboard, etc.) • Everybody (humans and machines) can consume the same source information so there will be less errors • Outlook: End users can use SDF and PDF • In future, end users will be able to use SDF and PDF including the CI tools in their own environment • End users will use PDF to trigger deployment on their own POD • End users can use SDF to create customized scenarios Summary and Outlook
  13. 13. Thank You PDF Template:;a=blob_plain;f=config/pod1.yaml;hb=HEAD SDF Template (in review): See also presentation on • Improving POD Usage in Labs, CI and Testing, 2:20 pm • Scenarios on Thursday, 3:20 – 3:50 pm