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Real-time simulation at Rte
Issues and perspectives
IEEE PES General Meeting Vancouver July 22, 2013
S. Dennetière
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte : Réseau de Transport d'Electricité
French Transmission System Operator
Tra...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte's challenge : Hybrid AC/DC network
Studies on a grid including large number...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rationale for Real time simulation
Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (1...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rationale for Real time simulation
Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (2...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rationale for Real time simulation
Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (3...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rationale for Real time simulation
7
Control system replica for HVDC/FACTS
+ Re...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte's requirements for real time simulator
Flexible and powerful simulator
• Si...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Compatibility with the offline simulation tool EMTP-RV
• Automatic data export ...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Why did Rte choose Hypersim ?
10
HYPERSIM real-time simulator
+
Collaboration a...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Collaboration between Hydro-Québec and Rte
1st part : Installation of HYPERSIM ...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte real-time simulation laboratory
Hypersim simulators
96 cores SGI UV compute...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte real-time simulation laboratory
13
"MAINTENANCE" replica provided with its ...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte real-time simulation laboratory
14
"STUDY" replica for ALSTOM Grid SVC
2 "S...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013
Rte real-time simulation laboratory
15
REPLICA TO BE INSTALLED
HVDC VSC - MAINT...
Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 201316
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OPAL-RT real-time simulation at RTE

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Discover real-time simulation at RTE, issues and perspectives

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OPAL-RT real-time simulation at RTE

  1. 1. Real-time simulation at Rte Issues and perspectives IEEE PES General Meeting Vancouver July 22, 2013 S. Dennetière
  2. 2. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte : Réseau de Transport d'Electricité French Transmission System Operator Transmission lines (km) 400 kV 21 282 225 kV 26 538 150, 90, 63, 45 kV 52 854 Power Transformers 400 kV 278 225 kV 807 150, 90, 63, 45 kV 84 2 500 substations HVDC & FACTS France-UK (1986 – 2012) 2*1000MW LCC 2 SVC (2006) +200 MVAR / -100 MVAR France-Spain (2015) 2*1000MW VSC France-Italy (2016) 2*600MW VSC 5 SVC (2011-2014) 4*250 MVAR 400 kV network 2
  3. 3. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte's challenge : Hybrid AC/DC network Studies on a grid including large number of HVDC links New grid, new challenges, new problems… To be sure that equipment and grid will operate properly To investigate failures or incorrect operation of equipment From planning, to commissioning and maintenance for over several decades Type of studies DC and AC dynamic performance studies : performance of numerous study cases to verify the transient and dynamic behavior as well as DC protection Harmonic studies Interactions of various electrical installations (e.g. between 2 HVDC systems) 3
  4. 4. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rationale for Real time simulation Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (1/3) Validation of models used in studies • Behavior of HVDC and FACTS is mainly driven by a proprietary control system algorithm : model = black box or simple representation based on block diagrams • Black box models (EMT and TS tools) do not use the same numerical solution than the real controller 4 ~ HVDC/FACTS control system model ~ Measurements Firings Real system EMT Model
  5. 5. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rationale for Real time simulation Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (2/3) Maintenance of models • Models are delivered during commissioning based on an operating system and specific version of a simulation tool  how to keep a model running 20 years after commissioning… • Update models depending on equipment parameters changes (change in regulation loops,…) during several decades. 5 HVDC/FACTS control system model Measurements Firings 10 years after commissioning… Real system EMT Model
  6. 6. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rationale for Real time simulation Simulation tools - issues to be addressed (3/3) Simulation times • Detailed and accurate model can lead to slow simulations. Fast simulations to study a large number of configurations and deliver results in a short period of time • Fast and detailed models for training 6 HVDC/FACTS control system model Measurements Firings Real system EMT Model
  7. 7. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rationale for Real time simulation 7 Control system replica for HVDC/FACTS + Real-time simulation Simulation times Models Maintenance Models Validation "STUDY" replica for complex network studies + RT simulator (Rte simulator) "MAINTENANCE" replica for maintenance and operators trainings + RT simulator (provided by manufacturers)
  8. 8. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte's requirements for real time simulator Flexible and powerful simulator • Simulation tool suitable for studying complex and large systems (several thousand of devices) • Automatic partitioning feature to run large system in real time • Offline simulations shall be conducted with the RT tool on standard PC to prepare the real-time simulations Possibility to develop evolutions of the RT tool • Interface to develop user coded models (C code, DLL…) • Access to the code for a better control of study quality 8
  9. 9. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Compatibility with the offline simulation tool EMTP-RV • Automatic data export feature from EMTP-RV • A common GUI would be the best • Full compatibility with Matlab/Simulink for control system models use same control system models in EMTP-RV and RT simulator 9 Pulses 7 Vmeas 6 Bsvc 5 alpha 4 TSC3 3 TSC2 2 TSC1 1 TCR Vs_pu Vp_pu Vmes Bref Vref Bsvc Voltage Regulator Vmes -K- V->pu3 -K- V->pu2 Mult Vabc Vmeas Measurement System TSC2pulses TSC3_On TSC2_On TSC1pulses TSC1_On TCRpulses BSVC Vref TSC3pulses Vmeas alpha Vabc Alpha TSC1_On TSC2_On TSC3_On phase_comp TCR_Pulses TSC1_Pulses TSC2_Pulses TSC3_Pulses Firing Unit Divide1 Bsvc Alpha TSC1_On TSC2_On TSC3_On Distribution Unit Demux Demux Bref Alpha 6 phase_comp 5 Vrated_s 4 Vrated_p 3 Vref 2 Vabc_sec 1 Vabc_prim Simulink model HVDC/FACTS control system model in RT tool HVDC/FACTS control system model in EMTP-RV Rte's requirements for real time simulator
  10. 10. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Why did Rte choose Hypersim ? 10 HYPERSIM real-time simulator + Collaboration agreement between Rte and Hydro-Québec Possibility to develop evolutions Flexibility and performance Comp. With Simulink and EMTP-RV
  11. 11. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Collaboration between Hydro-Québec and Rte 1st part : Installation of HYPERSIM simulators in RTE lab Installation of 2 SGI computers and I/O interfaces in RTE lab in dec 2012 Trainings for Rte engineers Sharing experience with control systems testing 2nd part : HYPERSIM development Development on models and calculus engine by Rte in the HYPERSIM code 1st RTE development : Frequency dependent cable model in real-time Model suitable for lines and cables (eq WBline model in EMTP-RV) 11
  12. 12. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte real-time simulation laboratory Hypersim simulators 96 cores SGI UV computer for HVDC and FACTS studies 32 cores SGI UV computer for protection relays testing I/O interfaces HVDC / FACTS control system replica Installed : 2 SVC "STUDY" replica from ALSTOM Grid installed in 2013 on Rte grid 1 SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from ALSTOM Grid installed in 2013 on Rte grid Planned in 2014-2015 : 1 HVDC LCC "STUDY" replica from ALSTOM Grid 1 HVDC SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 HVDC SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project) 1 SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project) More in the future… 12
  13. 13. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte real-time simulation laboratory 13 "MAINTENANCE" replica provided with its own simulator "MAINTENANCE" replica for ALSTOM Grid SVC
  14. 14. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte real-time simulation laboratory 14 "STUDY" replica for ALSTOM Grid SVC 2 "STUDY" replica connected to the HYPERSIM simulator 32 cores SGI computer for Protection relays testing 96 cores SGI computer for HVDC and FACTS studies
  15. 15. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 2013 Rte real-time simulation laboratory 15 REPLICA TO BE INSTALLED HVDC VSC - MAINTENANCE HVDC VSC - STUDYHVDC LCC SVC STUDY SVC MAINTENANCE
  16. 16. Real time simulation at RTE -July 22, 201316 Thank you

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