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Christian Larose,
Power System Simulation, Hydro-Québec (CANADA)
Hydro-Quebec’s experience with
HYPERSIM
Real-time Power S...
Groupe – Technologie2
Presentation overview
> Application of Hypersim at Hydro-Quebec,
for both HIL testing and off-line s...
Groupe – Technologie3
Hydro-Québec’s Power
System:
Major Generating and
Transmission Facilities
> Hydro-Québec generates, ...
Groupe – Technologie4
Wind Generation in Quebec
• Actually in service: ~2000 MW
• In service by 2015: ~4000 MW
Technical c...
Groupe – Technologie5
Hardware-in-the-Loop testing
at Hydro-Quebec simulation labs…
1996
Analog simulator
(TNA)
2013
Hyper...
Groupe – Technologie6
What is HYPERSIM ?
> HYPERSIM…
• Is a Real-Time Power System Simulator developed
by Hydro-Quebec for...
Groupe – Technologie7
HYPERSIM’s unique features ?
> HYPERSIM has been designed by power system
engineer for power system ...
Groupe – Technologie9
The benefits of power system simulation
> Over the years, EMT simulation and real-time
HIL testing h...
Groupe – Technologie10
Application examples: FACTS testing
> Chenier Static Var Compensator (Quebec)
> Levis Synchronous C...
Groupe – Technologie11
Application examples: HVDC testing
> Outaouais HVDC Interconnection, (Quebec-Ontario)
> Châteauguay...
Groupe – Technologie12
Application examples: Wind Power
> Hypersim is used for
1. Model Validation
2. Aggregation techniqu...
Groupe – Technologie13
Application examples: Wind Power
Integration
into
Hypersim
simulation
User’s Wind turbine model
3-p...
Groupe – Technologie14
Application examples: Wind Power
> The ability to simulate Wind Power Plant with
all turbines repre...
Groupe – Technologie16
Application examples:
Wind Power
Comparison at turbine level during a remote fault
«On-line monitor...
Groupe – Technologie17
Application examples:
Wind Power
«More than one equivalent WT is not
necessary for modeling a WPP w...
Groupe – Technologie18
Real-time simulation of the Hydro-Québec
power system with HVDC interconnections
and 25 Wind Power ...
Groupe – Technologie19
Hydro-Québec power system
Simulation overview
- 780 bus & 189 power lines
- 25 WPPs (DFIG single- e...
Groupe – Technologie20
Applications
examples:
> Smart grid and Wide Area Controls (WACS) testing
• PMU «Phase Measurment U...
Groupe – Technologie21
> Testing the performance of a «Local Instability Detector» (LID)
Voltages at specific buses during...
Groupe – Technologie22
Partnership
> Strategic partnership for technical
exchange and R&D collaboration
China-EPRI
http://...
Groupe – Technologie24
Conclusions
> Over the years, HIL testing of all critical controls
using Hypersim has proven to be ...
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OPAL-RT & Hydro-Quebec - HYPERSIM

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Hydro-Quebec’s experience with HYPERSIM Real-time Power System Simulator, presented at PES in 2013

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OPAL-RT & Hydro-Quebec - HYPERSIM

  1. 1. Christian Larose, Power System Simulation, Hydro-Québec (CANADA) Hydro-Quebec’s experience with HYPERSIM Real-time Power System Simulator June 26, 2013
  2. 2. Groupe – Technologie2 Presentation overview > Application of Hypersim at Hydro-Quebec, for both HIL testing and off-line simulation • FACTS • HVDC • Wind Power • Smart grid, Wide-Area Control Systems • Specific Protection System and Protection relays
  3. 3. Groupe – Technologie3 Hydro-Québec’s Power System: Major Generating and Transmission Facilities > Hydro-Québec generates, transmits and distributes electricity, mainly using renewable energy sources, in particular hydroelectricity. > Installed capacity: 37 000 MW > 15 interconnections with systems in neighboring provinces and states. > Very long transmission line with series compensation. Numerous FACTS devices. > By 2015, HQ will be carrying about 4 000 MW of wind power over the transmission system. Maine Québec New-York Vermont USA Ontario New- Brunswick
  4. 4. Groupe – Technologie4 Wind Generation in Quebec • Actually in service: ~2000 MW • In service by 2015: ~4000 MW Technical challenges of wind power in the gaspe peninsula • Very low short-circuit • Remote network with no other generation • Connected at Levis substation with series compensated lines • Approx. 2000MW of Wind Power from various manufacturer and technology (Type II-III-IV)
  5. 5. Groupe – Technologie5 Hardware-in-the-Loop testing at Hydro-Quebec simulation labs… 1996 Analog simulator (TNA) 2013 Hypersim Digital simulator « Hypersim gathers more than 30 years of experience in Real-time Power System simulation »
  6. 6. Groupe – Technologie6 What is HYPERSIM ? > HYPERSIM… • Is a Real-Time Power System Simulator developed by Hydro-Quebec for Electro-Magnetic Transient (EMT) • Is used by Hydro-Quebec for HIL testing of all critical controls connected to its power system – HVDCs, SVCs, Protection relays, PSS, etc… • Is also used for off-line simulation, in complement of traditional tools, for fast-simulation of complex network… – Example: Wind Power Plant detailed simulation
  7. 7. Groupe – Technologie7 HYPERSIM’s unique features ? > HYPERSIM has been designed by power system engineer for power system engineer… • Automatic task mapping according to available processors and I/O constraints • The same simulation can be performed on a supercomputer or any linux PC • Great flexibility to integrate user-defined model into simulation – Simulink model, C-Coded model, DLL or «black-box» model
  8. 8. Groupe – Technologie9 The benefits of power system simulation > Over the years, EMT simulation and real-time HIL testing has proven to be very cost-effective – Testing of Control and Protection – Commissioning of interconnections – Operating strategies – Optimisation and settings – Maintenance and training – New concepts validation
  9. 9. Groupe – Technologie10 Application examples: FACTS testing > Chenier Static Var Compensator (Quebec) > Levis Synchronous Condenser (Quebec) > Langlois Variable Frequency Transformer (Quebec-USA)
  10. 10. Groupe – Technologie11 Application examples: HVDC testing > Outaouais HVDC Interconnection, (Quebec-Ontario) > Châteauguay HVDC Interconnection (Quebec-USA) > Radisson-Nicolet-Boston Multi-terminal HVDC line Comparaison of simulation results vs field measurements
  11. 11. Groupe – Technologie12 Application examples: Wind Power > Hypersim is used for 1. Model Validation 2. Aggregation techniques of Wind Power Plant 3. Large-Scale Integration Studies (Real-time or Off-line) « While traditional synchronous generation modeling relies on physics, Wind Generation modeling is all about controls…» > Hypersim is the perfect tool for Wind Power integration • Any user’s model can be integrated into simulation – Simulink model, C-coded model, any DLL or «black-box» model supplied by manufacturer • Detailed simulation of Wind Power Plant with all turbines represented can be achieved.
  12. 12. Groupe – Technologie13 Application examples: Wind Power Integration into Hypersim simulation User’s Wind turbine model 3-phase fault #64 34.5kV #25 #62 To 230kV network Grounding transformer 1-phase fault 3-phases fault PCC Modeling the Wind Power Plant, including the collector system
  13. 13. Groupe – Technologie14 Application examples: Wind Power > The ability to simulate Wind Power Plant with all turbines represented brings unique research opportunity • Capability to evaluate – the reliability of reduced/aggregated model – Fault current contribution of WT/WPP – Impact of individual control and protection – Situation where only few turbines trip • Research that are still under progress at HQ… – Interaction with SSR, control interaction, resonance, harmonic/inter-harmonic emissions, voltage flickers – Operation strategies, inertial response WPP: « Wind Power Plant »
  14. 14. Groupe – Technologie16 Application examples: Wind Power Comparison at turbine level during a remote fault «On-line monitoring» vs «EMT model» Lessons learned… «Various cases of disturbances and operating conditions must be used to increase the validity of the model» WT: « Wind Turbine » WPP: « Wind Power Plant » 1- Model Validation > Results of «on-line monitoring» are used to fine-tune and validate… • EMT model of WT • EMT model of WPP (non-public model)
  15. 15. Groupe – Technologie17 Application examples: Wind Power «More than one equivalent WT is not necessary for modeling a WPP when all WT are exposed to the same wind speed» Comparison of 4 different WPP models during a 2-phase fault.> The validity of the «NREL equivalencing method» has been demonstrated Lessons learned… - a detailed WPP model with 73 WTs - a 1-, 2- and 4-WT equivalent WPP models WPP detailed model (73 WTs) WPP equivalent models •1-WT Eq •2-WT Eq •4-WT Eq 2- Aggregation techniques of WPP
  16. 16. Groupe – Technologie18 Real-time simulation of the Hydro-Québec power system with HVDC interconnections and 25 Wind Power Plants* (see next slide) Application examples: Wind Power 3- Large-scale integration studies * Hydro-Québec received the «2011 UWIG Achievement Award» for Contributions to the Large-Scale Real-Time Simulation of Wind Power Plants
  17. 17. Groupe – Technologie19 Hydro-Québec power system Simulation overview - 780 bus & 189 power lines - 25 WPPs (DFIG single- eq.) - 35 Synchronous Generators - 7 SVCs & 6 Synch. Condensers - More than 150 sat. transformers -1 Multi-Terminal HVDC line using HIL controllers (3x) Wind Power - Example of large-scale integration studies New England HVDC line Quebec-USA (HIL) Eastern Network Gaspé Peninsula Eastern Network
  18. 18. Groupe – Technologie20 Applications examples: > Smart grid and Wide Area Controls (WACS) testing • PMU «Phase Measurment Unit» • PDC «Phasor Data Concentrator» • SSU «Substation Synchronous Unit» > Local controls & Specific Protection System (SPS) testing • LID, OLD, RPS, SMCT, MB-PSS, Protection relays Smart grid, Wide-Area Control Systems and Specific Protection System
  19. 19. Groupe – Technologie21 > Testing the performance of a «Local Instability Detector» (LID) Voltages at specific buses during a SLG-fault followed by loss of 3 lines. With action of «LID» Without «LID» Applications examples: Smart grid, Wide-Area Control Systems and Specific Protection System
  20. 20. Groupe – Technologie22 Partnership > Strategic partnership for technical exchange and R&D collaboration China-EPRI http://www.epri.sgcc.com.cn/en/facilities/stategrid/ The Mathworks http://www.mathworks.com/company/user_stories/userstory51076.html
  21. 21. Groupe – Technologie24 Conclusions > Over the years, HIL testing of all critical controls using Hypersim has proven to be very cost-effective for Hydro-Quebec. We will be pleased to receive you in Hydro-Quebec simulation labs for more technical discussions Thanks for your time !

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