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Cancer treatment in india


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Cancer treatment in india

  1. 1. CANCER TREATMENT IN INDIA cancer treatment in India is provided at state-of- the-art cancer hospitals offering the latest cancer treatments, world-class technologies, and supportive therapies all under one roof. Comprehensive treatment plans are created to meet patient's personal needs as well as address the circumstances of his specific condition. Bile duct cancer treatment in India is provided at cancer treatment centers of India by teams of board certified doctors and friendly healthcare staff work actively to bring compassionate care Bile duct cancer: Bile duct cancer, or cholangiocarcinoma, is a malignant tumor of the bile ducts within the liver (intrahepatic), or leading from the liver to the small intestine (extrahepatic). It is a rare tumor with poor outcome for most patients. If the cancer starts in the part of the bile ducts contained within the liver it is known as intra-hepatic. If it starts in the area of the bile ducts outside the liver it is known as extra-hepatic. This information concentrates mainly on extra-hepatic bile duct cancers. Intra-hepatic bile duct cancers may be treated like primary liver cancer. Causes and symptoms
  2. 2. A number of risk factors are associated with the development of bile duct cancer: • Primary sclerosing cholangitis. This disease is characterized by extensive scarring of the biliary tract, sometimes associated with inflammatory bowel disease. • Choledochal cysts. These are abnormal dilatations of the biliary tract that usually form during fetal development. There is evidence that these cysts may rarely arise during adulthood. • Hepatolithiasis. This is the condition of stone formation within the liver (not including gallbladder stones). • Liver flukes. Parasitic infection with certain worms is thought to be at least partially responsible for the higher prevalence of bile duct cancer in Southeast Asia. • Thorotrast. This is a chemical that was previously injected intravenously during certain types of x rays. It is not in use anymore. Exposure to Thorotrast has been implicated in the development of cancer of the liver as well as the bile ducts. Staging and grading of Bile Duct cancer Stage 1A: - The cancer is contained within the bile duct. Stage 1B: - The cancer has spread through the wall of the bile duct but has not spread into nearby lymph nodes or other structures. Stage 2A: - The cancer has spread into the liver, pancreas or gall bladder or to the nearby blood vessels, but not the lymph nodes. Stage 2B: - The cancer has spread into nearby lymph nodes. Stage 3: - The cancer is affecting the main blood vessels that take blood to and from the liver, or it has spread into the small or large bowel, the stomach or the abdominal wall. Lymph nodes in the abdomen may also be affected. Stage 4: - The cancer has spread to distant parts of the body such as the lungs If the cancer comes back after initial treatment, this is known as recurrent cancer. Grading
  3. 3. Grading refers to the appearance of the cancer cells under the microscope and gives an idea of how quickly the cancer may develop. Low-grade means that the cancer cells look very like normal cells; they are usually slow-growing and are less likely to spread. In high-grade tumors the cells look very abnormal, are likely to grow more quickly and are more likely to spread. Bile Duct cancer surgery: The following types of surgery are used to treat extrahepatic bile duct cancer: • Removal of the bile duct: If the tumor is small and only in the bile duct, the entire bile duct may be removed. national cancer institute A new duct is made by connecting the duct openings in the liver to the intestine. Lymph nodes are removed and viewed under a microscope to see if they contain cancer. • Partial hepatectomy: Removal of the part of the liver where cancer is found. The part removed may be a wedge of tissue, an entire lobe, or a larger part of the liver, along with some normal tissue around it. • Whipple procedure: A surgical procedure in which the head of the pancreas, the gallbladder, part of the stomach, part of the small intestine, and the bile duct are removed. Enough of the pancreas is left to make digestive juices and insulin. • Surgical biliary bypass: If the tumor cannot be removed but is blocking the small intestine and causing bile to build up in the gallbladder, a biliary bypass may be done. During this operation, the gallbladder or bile duct will be cut and sewn to the small intestine to create a new pathway around the blocked area. This procedure helps to relieve jaundice caused by the build-up of bile. • Stent placement: If the tumor is blocking the bile duct, a stent (a thin tube) may be placed in the duct to drain bile that has built up in the area. The stent may drain to the outside of the body or it may go around the blocked area and drain the bile into the small intestine. The doctor may place the stent during surgery or PTC, or with an endoscope
  4. 4. • Why India: • Bile duct cancer treatment in India is provided by best treatment team, bringing you the most advance treatment options in some of the best cancer hospitals of Mumbai and Delhi. Cancer treatment centers of Mumbai and Delhi provides an unsurpassed environment of healing and hope. Medical tourism in India makes continuous efforts to help foreign patients receive world-class medical treatments at considerably lower costs and in almost zero waiting periods. Medical tourism in India is stimulated by low cost of healthcare, and well-educated medical staff with costs well below those in demand in developed countries. Medication combined with tourism has become a natural choice for foreign patients coming to India. To get more info on Bile duct cancer treatment in India visit us at