Types of Open Heart Surgery
Coronary Artery bypass Grafting
Coronary artery bypass
grafting (CABG) is the most
common type of heart
surgery. CABG impr...
Angioplasty
Angioplasty is another
treatment for CHD. This
procedure opens narrow or
blocked coronary arteries.
During ang...
Aneurysm Repair
An aneurysm is a balloon-like
bulge in the wall of an artery
or the heart muscle. This bulge
can occur if ...
Heart Transplant
A heart transplant is surgery
to remove a person's
diseased heart and replace
it with a healthy heart fro...
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Types of Open Heart Surgery

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Open heart surgery is any surgical procedure in which the surgeon cuts open the chest for surgery on the heart. Open heart surgery can treat a variety of diseases and conditions of the heart.

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Types of Open Heart Surgery

  1. 1. Types of Open Heart Surgery
  2. 2. Coronary Artery bypass Grafting Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery. CABG improves blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat people who have severe coronary heart disease (CHD).CHD is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
  3. 3. Angioplasty Angioplasty is another treatment for CHD. This procedure opens narrow or blocked coronary arteries. During angioplasty, a thin, flexible tube with a balloon at its tip is threaded through a blood vessel to the narrow or blocked coronary artery. Once in place, the balloon is inflated to push the plaque against the artery wall. This restores blood flow through the artery.
  4. 4. Aneurysm Repair An aneurysm is a balloon-like bulge in the wall of an artery or the heart muscle. This bulge can occur if the artery wall weakens. Pressure from blood moving through the artery or heart causes the weak area to bulge. Over time, an aneurysm can grow and burst, causing dangerous, often fatal bleeding inside the body. Aneurysms also can develop a split in one or more layers of the artery wall. The split causes bleeding into and along the layers of the artery wall.
  5. 5. Heart Transplant A heart transplant is surgery to remove a person's diseased heart and replace it with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. Most heart transplants are done on patients who have end- stage heart failure. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is damaged or weak. As a result, it can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.

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