Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and paediatrics, dedicated to the analysis and treatment of rheumatic diseases. Physicians who are dedicated to rheumatology are known as Rheumatologists.
OsteoarthritisOA causes damage to thecartilage over time.Cartilage is a material thatcushions the end of bonesand allows joints to movesmoothly. As cartilage of ajoint wears down, thismovement becomes painfulor limited. OA can be anormal part of aging thatcan affect all parts of thebody. However, it usuallyaffects theknees, hips, lowerback, neck, and fingers.
Ankylosing SpondylitisAnkylosing Spondylitis(AS) usually startsgradually as lower backpain. The hallmarkfeature of AS is theinvolvement of thejoints at the base of thespine. This is where thespine attaches to thepelvis, also known asthe sacroiliac joints.
Sjogrens SyndromeSjogrens syndrome isan inflammatory,autoimmune disease. Itcan occur with otherautoimmune diseasessuch as RA and lupus,but also on its own.Although the cause ofSjogrens is unknown, itis more common inwomen.
Treatments for Rheumatic DiseasesTreatments for rheumaticdiseases includemedications to improvesymptoms and controldisease. Along withdrugs, other parts of atreatment plan include:• Regular exercise• Balanced diet• Stress reduction• Rest