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Causes of Skin Darkening

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Skin darkening, also known as hyperpigmentation, is relatively a harmless skin illness, though it can make those who have it self-conscious about their overall look. Hyperpigmentation impacts both males and females. The most common cause of skin darkening is hormonal changes.

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Causes of Skin Darkening

  1. 1. Dark skin is not something that people crave for, unless they are one of those who love to get a tanned look. While for some, dark skin color is a natural occurrence, the darkening might also be a result of hyper-pigmentation. The primary reason for dark skin is the presence of excess melanin. This melanin is also the reason for the blemished and patchy look of the skin. Apart from this, there are several other reasons for dark skin.
  2. 2. Causes Of Dark Skin : • Hereditary factors • Hyper-pigmentation • Skin disorder • Sun tan • Adrenal disorder • Liver disorder • Intestinal disorder • Malnutrition • Sun sensitivity • Vitamin deficiency
  3. 3. Darkening of the skin can also result from a hormonal change, a genetic disorder, or a combination of sun exposure and allergic reaction. Genetic causes of darkened skin: • Neurofibromatosis, which are light or dark brown patches of skin present from birth. • Xeroderma pigmentosum, a genetic disorder of DNA repair Hormonal causes of darkened skin: • Addison’s disease (deceased production of hormones by the adrenal glands • Oral contraceptives • Hyperthyroidism • Pregnancy Environmental causes of darkened skin: • Sunlight • Toxic chemicals
  4. 4. Symptoms of darkened skin depend on the underlying disease or condition. Some common symptoms include: • Burning feeling ( when skin is exposed to chemical reactions) • Itching on the skin • Redness of the skin • Swelling • Skin Peeling
  5. 5. Conclusion : Occasionally, dark skin is an indication of more serious disease that cannot be treated cosmetically. Some changes in complexion, like the changing color or shape of a mole, may indicate skin cancer. Still other dark patches on skin, especially those that are butterfly-shaped dark, may be a proof of lupus. Therefore, it is better that you concern a doctor if you observe any symptoms of dark skin.

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