Renewable energy and recycling in Extremadura (Spain)
Paloma Sánchez MenaMª Luisa González Núñez
Groups of students that worked on the activities: Nivel I módulo II Nivel II módulo I Nivel II módulo II Acceso Universidad
ACTIVITIES INDEX Study, through the press, on renewable energy in Extremadura. Information about the National Integrated Plan about urban solid waste. Survey on the degree of commitment to recycling and satisfaction with the service of the local councils. Awareness raising campaign: "SAVING OR WASTING?" Visit to a recycling plant in Merida Demonstration of some experiments in the classroom Exhibition of works made by students RECYCLING CONTEST
"Study, through the press, on renewable energy in Extremadura".Our students worked on the importance of renewable energies in the region. Weekly theyreviewed, selected and archived news appearing in newspapers.They have seen what type of renewable energy is being given further impetus, how andwhere it is being used and what types of financial aid received.They have learnt to research on the benefits of them and the environmental impacts ofsome projects.They can also know the efforts being undertaken to curb the non payment of productionbonus to new renewable energy facilities and how this will affect all projects that areunderway and those who had expected.
CONCLUSIONS OF THE STUDY ON RENEWABLE ENERGY IN EXTREMADURAIn Extremadura there are important hydroelectric power plants. Examples arethe hydroelectric power stations in Alcántara (Cáceres), García de Sola(Badajoz), Zújar (Badajoz), Cíjara (Badajoz), Orellana (Badajoz), la Serena(Badajoz), Gabriel y Galán (Cáceres), etc ...Photovoltaic energy is the most developed in Extremadura. We have 442 solarpower plants in operation and 448 new projects.Regarding the thermal power plants, there are 6 plants in operation, 13 underconstruction 13 and 60 projects.Wind farms in our region can be seen also affected by the temporarysuspension of finacial aids. We already have 97 parks approved.The big bet is biomass energy, with the use of forest residues. There arealready two plants in service and 21 new projects.We have two cogenaración plants (producing electricity and thermal energy)in operation and a biogas plant (electricity production from gas from organicwaste).
CONCLUSIONS ON THE STUDY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN EXTREMADURAIn recent months, Extremadura is suffering the non-payment ofpremiums for renewable energy production and a freeze on newprojects.The implementation of these energies, especially solar photovoltaic and thermo solar, had generated great expectations for the future.Installing renewable energy projects is expensive, although thedevelopment of new technologies is lowering prices.It is necessary to devise a clear and stable strategy for the sector tomake energy policy a priority in which everyone works to achieve aconsensus that provides security and stability to the sector.
OUTSTANDING NEWS AQUAPHYTEX S.L. is cutting-edge technology, a European leader in the field of biotechnological production, installation and maintenance of plant material used in wastewater treatment systems. A pioneer in phytodepuration and water purification. This is an innovative and dynamic company with a large production capacity. AQUAPHYTEX offers a natural alternative to conventional wastewater treatments based in physicochemical systems that entail very high costs, complex maintenance and environmental impacts. We have a multidisciplinary team with wide experience able to undertake any projects and to offer a full-service technical consultancy in our field.
AQUAPHYTEX starts as a project in 2003 in Extremadura (Spain). It became a society in 2005, after two years of research in growth and development of vegetal species for phytodepuration. AQUAPHYTEX is born in Extremadura in the context of the Sociedad de la Imaginación (Imagination Society), a movement that encourages entrepreneurship among citizens willing to crystallize their innovative ideas. In an international level, AQUAPHYTEX belongs to the Nueva Cultura Mundial de la Gestión del Agua movement (New Worlwide Culture of Water Management) that supports sustainability of the limited planet’s resources. Also, AQUAPHYTEX collaborates periodically in technology transfer activities with the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) in Paris. Its young founder and CEO, Pedro Delgado, analyzed problems related to conventional wastewater treatment systems and focused his researches in biotechnology applied to wastewater treatments. This motivated and engaged entrepreneur gave up his studies in his junior year in high school to accomplish his dream of providing a natural, sustainable and within everybodys reach system using the Hidrolution FMF Technology. This was possible thanks to support he received from Javier and Pablo Riesco, and Vicente Torres, father of this technology. He has been granted with important national and international awards.
Informing students about the National Plan ofIntegrated Municipal Solid Waste.
SURVEY ON THE DEGREE OF COMMITMENT IN MATTER OF RECYCLING ANDDEGREE OF SATISFACTION WITH THE SERVICE OF LOCAL COUNCILS. SEX: AGE: PROFESSION: PLACE OF RESIDENCE: NOTES WITH X THE WASTE THAT YOU SEPARATE FOR RECYCLING GLASS PLASTICS AND PACKAGING BATTERIES CARTÓN PAPER ORGANIC WASTE OIL MEDICINES CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR ELECTRONIC NOTES WITH X CONTAINERS IN YOUR STREET. GLASS PLASTICS AND PACKAGING BATTERIES CARTON PAPER ORGANIC WASTE OIL MEDICINES CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR ELECTRONIC DO YOU KNOW THE OPERATION OF THE “ECOLOGICAL POINT"? SATISFACTION WITH THE SERVICE OF YOUR LOCAL COUNCIL REGULAR BAD OK GOOD VERY GOOD
SURVEY RESULTSCONOCES EL FUNCIONAMIENTO DE LOS PUNTOS LIMPIOS 35 39 SI 47% 53% NO
Nº ALUMNOS PL 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 0 5 ÁS TI VI D CO R S IO Y EN VA SE S PI LA S CA RT Ó N RE S ID PA UO PE S L O RG ÁN IC O SRESIDUOS AC M EI E TE DI CA M RO EN PA TO S RESIDUOS QUE SEPARO Y RECICLO M Y AT CA ER LZ ÍA L AD EL O EC TR Ó N IC O SURVEY RESULTS SI NO
SURVEY RESULTS 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 SI 10 NO 0 RI O S S N L S TE S DO CO SE LA TÓ PE IC O EI TO A NI VI D A PI R PA N AC EN LZ Ó NV CA Á M CA R E RG A CT Y O IC Y E O S O S ED PA EL IC U M RO AL ST SI D E RÍP LÁ RE AT M TIPOS DE CONTENEDORES
SURVEY RESULTSSATISFACTION WITH THE SERVICE OF THE COUNCILS. 8 11% 9 12% MALO 15 REGULAR 22 20% ACEPTABLE 30% BUENO MUY BUENO 20 27%
AWARENESS RAISING CAMPAIGN "SAVING OR WASTING?” Dumping of glass Dumping of plastic Glass recycling Manufacture of non-recyclable plastics Using renewable energies Reuse of organic waste Manufacture of paper from wood Making paper from waste paper Throwing paper in the trash with other waste Throwing the paper in the toilet Separating paper for recycling Throwing the used oil down the sink Reusing oil for multiple purposes Opening the windows with the heating on Using the same bag to go shopping Set the washing machine half filled Use hot water with washing machines Keeping the TV on when not watching Keeping tap water running while brushing your teeth
PLAN DE CONCIENCIACIÓN AWARENESS CAMPAIGN " “ ¿AHORROOR DERROCHE?” "SAVING O WASTING?”This survey is about a very obvious point. The surveyedstudents had no doubts about actions which result in savings orwasting.The purpose was to raise awareness among pupils of theexcessive spending of the natural resources and think aboutour daily habits.If we all know what to do to save energy and resources,why do we waste so much?We came to the conclusion that the key to improve is in thefollowing words: reduce, reuse, recycle.
AWARENESS CAMPAIGN " "SAVING OR WASTING?” TRIPTYCH REDUCIR ¿ Qué es reducir? RECICLAR REUTILIZAR Es disminuir el peso, volumen y toxicidad en envases y embalajes de los productos reduce, recycle, reuse que consumimos diariamente. réduire, recycler, réutiliser ¿Qué es reutilizar?Es usar de nuevo un objeto con reducerea, reciclarea, otro fin distinto al que se reutilizarea compró. ridurre, riciclare, riutilizzare ¿Qué es reciclar?Transformar un residuo en un producto que se usará con el reduzir, reciclar, reutilizar mismo fin que el original. خفض وإعادة تدوير وإعادة
AWARENESS CAMPAIGN " "SAVING OR WASTING?” TRIPTYCH REDUCIR REUTILIZAR RECICLAR Llevar nuestras propias bolsas a la compra. Tener una bolsa para el pan o la Escribir por las dos caras de una huevera. hoja. Utilizar bolsas distintas para la Adquirir alimentos a granel. basura orgánica, envases de Evitar utilizar, en la medida de lo vidrio, plásticos. posible, artículos de usar y tirar. Fotocopias por las dos caras. No abusar del papel de aluminio. Se pueden conservar los alimentos en recipientes duraderos. No echar las distintas basuras en Utilizar pilas recargables o pilas Reutilizar las bolsas de plástico el contenedor equivocado. verdes. que nos dan en el supermercado Se ahorra electricidad con para guardar bombillas de bajo consumo y la basura. electrodomésticos de clase A Muy importante es envasar el aceite usado para su reciclado, es Son devoradores de energía: lo secadores de pelo, planchas, Los tarros de cristal resultan altamente contaminante verter el termos de agua caliente, útiles para guardar pasta, aceite por las tuberías. vitrocerámicas, etc. legumbres … Se pueden utilizar también como hucha, No utilizar secadoras para la ropa portalápices o semilleros. si puede secarse en tendederos. Utilizar agua fría con los lavavajillas y lavadoras.
AWARENESS CAMPAIGN " "SAVING OR WASTING?”There is a continuous flow of matter and energy. In nature everything is recycled.
VISIT TO MERIDA RECYCLING PLANT On 26th April a group of students had the opportunity to visit the Ecopark of Merida, a modern recycling plant which aims to promote the reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery of municipal solid waste. They could see the various buildings that make up the plant and how it works differently in each, taking into account the different processes and treatments that require each type of waste. The purpose of this visit was framed within the plan we had proposed at the beginning of the academic year. The results of the visit and the evaluation of the activity has been extremely positive.
DEMONSTRATION OF SOME EXPERIMENTS IN THE CLASSROOM Like many conductors, a lemon can conduct electricity through a simple chemical reaction. It is actually pretty simple and straightforward to understand how the juice in lemons produce electricity: Lemon juice is highly concentrated with citric acid, which gives the fruit a bitter taste, but also makes it a great conductor of electricity. Citric acid is very easily able to chemically bond with metals and a chemical reaction is thus simple to produce. Through a process known as oxidation-reduction, the metals and the citric acid in the lemon juice will form a reaction with the end result of an electric current.
COMPETITION: THINGS MADE WITH RECYCLED MATERIALS CONCURSO “RECICLADO Y DISEÑO” • Puedes presentar todo tipo de trabajos hechos con materiales reciclados. • Pondrás un título a tu obra y una frase en la que expreses la importancia de reciclar y aumentar el ciclo de vida de los materiales. • Se premiará la originalidad y el acabado del producto. • Los objetos se expondrán y aparecerán en la revista del centro. • Los trabajos se entregarán en la secretaría del centro antes del 13 de abril. PRIMER PREMIO: 40 € SEGUNDO PREMIO: 20 €