Extreme cold challenges & experience from an
industry perspective …




1 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
Outlook


!  TOTAL’s current involment in extreme cold development
          Kashagan
          Kharyaga
          Shot...
3 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
TOTAL Assets
                                            SNØHVIT
                                1000 km
                 ...
Kashagan                                                               Island D in winter




                            ...
KHARYAGA
                               !  Located in Timan Pechora, North Polar circle

                               ! ...
Snøhvit
!  Three fields: Snøhvit, Albatross, and
   Askeladd

!  A 145- kilometer pipeline for gas to
   Melkoya Island: p...
The Shtokman field
  •  Two main sandstone reservoirs: J0 & J1
  •  Sweet & lean gas
  •  3.8 trillion Sm3 of natural gas
...
Shtokman – Project description

!  Gas & condensate field in the Russian
   Barents sea
          Discovered in 1988
    ...
10 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
Icebergs Management at Shtokman location
 !  Icebergs in open water and
 embedded in Sea Ice, can come from
 Franz Joseph ...
Extreme Cold R&D Organization

                                                                       Projects

          ...
Extreme cold Challenges
!  Essential to preserve the environment in a sensitive
   ecosystem

!  Extreme weather condition...
Outside work conditions & limitations
!  Windchill affects temperature conditions,


                        Lowest T     ...
15 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
TOTAL approach to technical challenges


  !  Health & Safety
           Ongoing innovative R&D program on winterization ...
Conclusions


  !  Extreme cold areas present a huge potential with reserves

  !  Protected areas with sensitive ecosyste...
Please don’t forget … ATC 2011

 !                              http://www.arctictechnologyconference.org/




18 - SCR/ED...
!  BACK UP




            Yamal project
19 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
1 Cold wear
                                Contractor   Sintef & NTNU




20 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
2 JIP EER in Ice Covered Waters
                                Contractor   Petroleum Research Atlantic Canada

 Partners...
3 Cold Climate technology project ColdTech
                                      Contractor   Norut




22 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH...
4 Sea ice modelling in the Marginal Ice Zone (MIZ)

Budget:
    3.011 MNOK (no partner)                        Contractor
...
5 Thermal-mechanical effects on 1st year ice (PhD)
           1. Theorical studies
                                      C...
6 JIP Arctic material
                                               Contractor             SINTEF




Partners : StatoilH...
7 JIP Oil in Ice Oil Spill Contingency for Arctic and Ice-
infested waters

  Budget: TEPN: 826 k€ (Total: 4958 k€) Partne...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Extreme cold challenges & experiences

1,865 views

Published on

- TOTAL’s current involment in extreme cold development
Kashagan
Kharyaga
Shotkman
Snøhvit
- R&D organization
- Technical challenges
- Conclusions

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,865
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
35
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Extreme cold challenges & experiences

  1. 1. Extreme cold challenges & experience from an industry perspective … 1 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  2. 2. Outlook !  TOTAL’s current involment in extreme cold development   Kashagan   Kharyaga   Shotkman   Snøhvit !  R&D organization !  Technical challenges !  Conclusions 2 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  3. 3. 3 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  4. 4. TOTAL Assets SNØHVIT 1000 km 1000 km !  Co-venturer in the development of huge SHTOKMAN field in the Caspian Sea area KHARYAGA KHARYAGA   Kashagan oil field (Kazakhstan)   North Caspian PSA: TOTAL 16.81%   First Oil: 2012 !  Operator of an oil field in Russia   Kharyaga oil field   PSA: TOTAL 50% operator   Producing from October 1999 KASHAGAN KASHAGAN !  Snøhvit operated by Statoil: the first LNG plant to be built in cold weather conditions in Europe SHAH DENIZ !  Partner in an Operating Co. in Russia   Shtokman gas field   25% share of a SPC   development and operation of Phase I 4 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  5. 5. Kashagan Island D in winter 37 Drilling Islands 240 wells 1.5mln bopd plateau production Offshore & onshore processing and Gas compression plants 8 to 9 m de haut (soit un à 9 m height immeuble de 3é tages) NCOC Operator Operator wind vent 5 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  6. 6. KHARYAGA !  Located in Timan Pechora, North Polar circle !  1st onshore PSA signed in 1995 (Objects 2&3) !  TOTAL operator (50%), Statoil (40%), NOC (10%) !  Complex carbonate reservoirs !  Waxy oil, with H2S content !  Production : 30 000 bopd Experience on: !  Permafrost engineering and operation !  Working Conditions   -53°C absolute minimum temperature   important wind (annual mean 4.2 to 6.1 m/s with a Kharyaga in winter (March) winter variation from 18 to 24 m/s) 6 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  7. 7. Snøhvit !  Three fields: Snøhvit, Albatross, and Askeladd !  A 145- kilometer pipeline for gas to Melkoya Island: processing, liquefaction, storage and loading facilities !  CO2 content: 5.3% Snøhvit, 7.9% Albatross Statoil 33.53 % Petoro 30 % Total 18.4 % GdF 12 % Amerada 3.26 % Hess RWE 2.8 % 7 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010 Novatek, Moscow, 28/10/2009
  8. 8. The Shtokman field •  Two main sandstone reservoirs: J0 & J1 •  Sweet & lean gas •  3.8 trillion Sm3 of natural gas •  37 million tons of condensate •  Water depth ~ 340 m •  Rough seabed •  Harsh metocean conditions •  Possible packed ice and icebergs •  Min. air temperature: -15°C / -38°C •  Min. seabed temperature: -1.8°C 8 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  9. 9. Shtokman – Project description !  Gas & condensate field in the Russian Barents sea   Discovered in 1988   IGIP: 3800 GSM3   Water depth: 340m,   Offshore at 550km from Kola peninsula   Very good petrophysical properties !  Phased field development   Phase 1: 7,5 MT/y LNG & 11 GSM3/y pipe gas   Onshore plant at Teriberka !  A first class Russian project:   Tie-in to the North Stream   To satisfy LNG long term consumption growth !  SDag: Gazprom 51 % - TOTAL 25 % - Statoil 24 % 9 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  10. 10. 10 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  11. 11. Icebergs Management at Shtokman location !  Icebergs in open water and embedded in Sea Ice, can come from Franz Joseph Land and Novaya Zemlya glaciers !  220 icebergs observed around Shtokman area over 48 years !  In 2003, more than 15 icebergs have been observed close to Shtokman, 2 of them weighting more than 3 millions tons. !  Collision with FPU ones in 110 years, if not managed 11 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  12. 12. Extreme Cold R&D Organization Projects Advanced technology R&D Yamal Technical Departments  Health & Safety for Arctic Shtokman Total R&D centers   LNG (executed by ED/LNG)   Arctic Engineering Kharyaga & Technologies Institutes •  JIP •  PhD  Feedbacks & Scouting Snøhvit •  Collaborations …   Environment Others…  Acquisition/ consolidation of an internal expertise 12 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  13. 13. Extreme cold Challenges !  Essential to preserve the environment in a sensitive ecosystem !  Extreme weather conditions:   Sea Ice and Icebergs   Icing   Polar night   Low temperatures   Permafrost area Polar low, Barents Sea, 27 Feb. 87 !  Winterization (snow, icing, wind…)   Construction, Installation & process integrity   Personnel protection !  Remoteness - Transportation of personnel and equipment !  Emergency Evacuation and Rescue   Different environments: wave and ice   Offshore: floating platform too far from shore for evacuation by helicopter,   Onshore: ice road vs helicopter but seasonal restrictions… 13 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  14. 14. Outside work conditions & limitations !  Windchill affects temperature conditions, Lowest T Wind °C m/s Kashagan -40 24 Khariaga -53 Mean 5.2 Max 38 Shtokman -40 28 Yamal -57 Max 32 14 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  15. 15. 15 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  16. 16. TOTAL approach to technical challenges !  Health & Safety   Ongoing innovative R&D program on winterization of workplace modules,   Development of knowledges to protect/facilitate work   Design of logistics rules adapted to each area of concern   EER issue !  Engineering & technology   Development of new materials and/or technologies from other industries   Adequate monitoring technologies   Gap analysis of existing technology vs needs !  Environment:   Adaptation of techniques for a Zero harmful discharge policy   Prevention, early detection & remediation of oil spill (under ice, thaw/frost…) 16 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  17. 17. Conclusions !  Extreme cold areas present a huge potential with reserves !  Protected areas with sensitive ecosystems !  No universal techniques & solutions but adaptation to local context !  Need of expertise acquisition and strong partnership 17 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  18. 18. Please don’t forget … ATC 2011 !  http://www.arctictechnologyconference.org/ 18 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  19. 19. !  BACK UP Yamal project 19 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  20. 20. 1 Cold wear Contractor Sintef & NTNU 20 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  21. 21. 2 JIP EER in Ice Covered Waters Contractor Petroleum Research Atlantic Canada Partners : Statoil / Total / Chevron/ Exxonmobil/ Shell/ COP … Develop an approved, commercially-available EER system (or systems) capable of operating under anticipated operating scenarios WP 1 – Define design drivers WP 2 - Design WP 3 – Prototype & evaluation WP 4 – Manufacture a commercial product 21 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  22. 22. 3 Cold Climate technology project ColdTech Contractor Norut 22 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  23. 23. 4 Sea ice modelling in the Marginal Ice Zone (MIZ) Budget: 3.011 MNOK (no partner) Contractor Duration: 2007-2010 !  Objectives: Development of an improved ice-ocean model in the marginal ice zone for better forecasting ice drift and hot spot of productivity !  Deliverables: An improved model for sea ice drift in the marginal zone area !  Validation areas: Fram Strait and Barents Sea. !  Application areas: Part of the emergency operations plan for oil spill (forecast of oil in ice drift, forecast of most sensitive exposed ecosystem). 23 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  24. 24. 5 Thermal-mechanical effects on 1st year ice (PhD) 1. Theorical studies Contractor University of Svalbard 2. Lab works 3. Site investigations 24 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  25. 25. 6 JIP Arctic material Contractor SINTEF Partners : StatoilHydro / Total / ENI / Scana / Bredero Shaw / Treeleborg / JFE / Nippon steel / Aker solutions / Vetcogray and DNV joining by the end of 2009 Duration : 5 years starting in 2008 extended to 2018 WP 1 - Steel fabrication and mechanical characterization WP 2 - Strength and toughness criteria for safe materials utilization WP 3 - Polymer coatings WP 4 - New concepts and materials solutions 25 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010
  26. 26. 7 JIP Oil in Ice Oil Spill Contingency for Arctic and Ice- infested waters Budget: TEPN: 826 k€ (Total: 4958 k€) Partners Duration:2006-2009 !  Objectives: Develop tools and technologies for environmental beneficial oil spill response strategies for ice-covered waters !  Validation area: Field tests Barents Sea in 2008 and 2009 !  Application areas: All areas with ice infested waters Contractor 26 - SCR/ED/TA-AAH 14.04.2010

×