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OPT Training


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OPT Training

  1. 1. <ul><li>FALL 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of the process </li></ul><ul><li>Timelines & considerations </li></ul><ul><li>The application </li></ul><ul><li>What happens after submission of application </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities after approval of OPT </li></ul><ul><li>17-month extension for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) majors </li></ul>Post-Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  2. 2. Who is eligible? <ul><li>Full-time student for at least one year </li></ul><ul><li>Employment in field of study </li></ul><ul><li>Employment commences after completion of studies </li></ul><ul><li>Application must be filed & approved by USCIS before allowed to work </li></ul><ul><li>Payment of USCIS filing fee </li></ul><ul><li>No job offer required! </li></ul>
  3. 3. How much OPT can I have?
  4. 4. How long does the OPT processing take?
  5. 5. Optional Practical Training: A Guessing Game of Sorts <ul><li>You are in control! </li></ul><ul><li>You determine: </li></ul><ul><li>When to submit application </li></ul><ul><li>Which dates you want to request for start and end of work permission (within regulatory parameters) </li></ul><ul><li>Factors to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing of potential job offer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USCIS processing times </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. When can I submit my OPT application? Program Completion Date 90 Days Before 60 Days After
  7. 7. When can I request post-completion OPT to start? Program Completion Date Within 60 days after your program completion date
  8. 8. What if I’m not sure of my completion date? <ul><li>Conservative approach: Wait to file for OPT until after you’ve finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Adventurous approach: Take your best guess and file before actual completion of program. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Requesting OPT Dates <ul><li>Be Careful! </li></ul><ul><li>Once you pick the dates and they are submitted to SEVIS, they cannot be changed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Any other important OPT dates? OPT I-20 Issue Date USCIS must receive application within 30 days
  11. 11. What do I need to bring to OIP to request OPT?
  12. 12. The OPT Application <ul><li>$380 check or money order to cover USCIS filing fee </li></ul><ul><li>Two passport-style photos on white background </li></ul><ul><li>Form I-765 ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of signed I-20 issued for OPT </li></ul><ul><li>Copies of any previous EADs issued to you </li></ul><ul><li>Copies of all previous I-20s issued to you </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of passport </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of I-94 (both sides) </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of F-1 visa </li></ul>
  13. 13. Check & Photo Specifications
  14. 14. Form I-765
  15. 15. What happens after submission? Up to 3 months processing with USCIS <ul><li>Receipt notice sent to address on I-765 : Check spelling of name & DOB </li></ul><ul><li>Travel outside United States not advised while pending </li></ul><ul><li>Report address changes via National Customer Service # 1-800-375-5283 </li></ul>
  16. 16. What happens when my OPT is approved? Remember <ul><li>EAD will be sent to address on I-765 Form </li></ul><ul><li>Check name, date of birth, and validity dates on card </li></ul><ul><li>Submit copy of EAD to OIP </li></ul>
  17. 17. Social Security Numbers 2100 M Street, NW Other locations: <ul><li>If you work, you must apply for one </li></ul><ul><li>Unique tax identification # </li></ul><ul><li>Must be work authorized to be eligible; can’t apply until OPT start date on EAD </li></ul><ul><li>May begin work while Social Security processes application </li></ul>
  18. 18. Recap: F-1 Post-Completion OPT Process
  19. 19. OPT & Travel Plans <ul><li>To return to the United States you need: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valid passport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valid F-1 visa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valid I-20 with valid travel signature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OPT approval (EAD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OIP also recommends: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence of funds if job is unpaid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence of employment </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What are my responsibilities during OPT? <ul><li>Change in address (where you live) </li></ul><ul><li>Employer name & address (& any changes) </li></ul><ul><li>Admission to new academic program </li></ul><ul><li>Change in your immigration status </li></ul><ul><li>Departure from U.S. more than 30 days before end of authorized OPT </li></ul>Report to OIP
  21. 21. Maintaining F-1 status while on OPT <ul><li>Work in position related to degree </li></ul><ul><li>Work only during approved dates on EAD </li></ul><ul><li>Accrue no more than 90 days of unemployment during authorized OPT period </li></ul>Things to Consider
  22. 22. Maintaining F-1 status while on OPT <ul><li>Work for a company or another person </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteering for 20+ hours/week (related to field of study) </li></ul><ul><li>Self employment </li></ul>What Counts as Work
  23. 23. 17 Month STEM Extension of OPT <ul><li>Additional 17 months of OPT </li></ul><ul><li>Employer must be E-Verify </li></ul><ul><li>Apply before end of regular OPT </li></ul><ul><li>Major must be on approved list </li></ul>Science Technology Engineering Math
  24. 24. H Cap-Gap Extension of OPT <ul><li>Automatic extension of work permission through September 30 if: </li></ul><ul><li>Your OPT expires between April 1 and September 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Your Employer files H-1B petition on April 1 requesting two things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>October 1 start date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a change of status </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Office of International Programs OIP Web: USCIS: <ul><li>Immigration Resources </li></ul>